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Title:GOSPODARSKA KAZNIVA DEJANJA V PRAKSI USTAVNEGA IN VRHOVNEGA SODIŠČA RS
Authors:Smeh, Marinka (Author)
Dežman, Zlatan (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UNI_Smeh_Marinka_2010.pdf (2,89 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Abstract:Gospodarska kazniva dejanja pomenijo protipravno dejanje, ki ga zakon definira kot kaznivega zaradi njegove posredne ali neposredne nevarnosti za pravne vrednote in dobrine iz sfere gospodarstva, hkrati pa določa njegove znake in kazen zanj. Ločimo gospodarska kazniva dejanja v ožjem smislu oziroma čista gospodarska kazniva dejanja in gospodarska kazniva dejanja v širšem smislu. Ta delitev zajema kazniva dejanja zoper gospodarstvo, ki jih Kazenski zakonik navaja v 24. poglavju, pa tudi druga dejanja, kjer je napad v povezavi z gospodarstvom. V diplomskem delu so predstavljena zgolj gospodarska kazniva dejanja v ožjem smislu, tako s fenomenološkega vidika kot tudi preko sodnih odločb Vrhovnega in Ustavnega sodišča Republike Slovenije. Orisane so razlike med sedanjo ureditvijo in ureditvijo po prej veljavnem Kazenskem zakoniku. Kriminaliteta belega ovratnika je oblika kriminalitete, ki zajema kazniva dejanja, ki jih izvrši posameznik ali skupina pri opravljanju določenega poklica, upravljanja ali vodenja podjetja. Žrtve storilca kriminalitete belega ovratnika so vsi državljani, organizacija, ki storilce zaposluje ali pa konkurenčno podjetje. Neuspešno nadzorovanje problematike ogroža gospodarsko stabilnost države, njene funkcije in negativno vpliva na demokratičnost v državi. Zato je pregon teh ravnanj ključen za uspešno delovanje celotnega sistema, to pa je odvisno od organov pregona, zakonodaje, pripravljenosti žrtve po naznanjanju in sodelovanju v procesu. Kazensko pravo ne bi imelo smisla, če za vsako kaznivo dejanje ne bi bilo določene ustrezne sankcije, zato so v tem delu predstavljene sankcije, ki jih KZ-1 in Zakon o odgovornosti pravnih oseb za kazniva dejanja predvidevata za fizične in pravne osebe. V diplomskem delu je prikazan tudi primerjalni vidik gospodarskih kaznivih dejanj, kakor jih ureja Kazneni zakon Republike Hrvaške, dodatno so primerjana v tretjem poglavju, kjer je govora o interpretaciji gospodarskih kaznivih dejanj s strani Vrhovnega in Ustavnega sodišča Republike Slovenije. Vključene pa so tudi nekatere odločbe hrvaškega Vrhovnega sodišča.
Keywords:gospodarska kazniva dejanja, statistični podatki, preiskovanje gospodarskih kaznivih dejanj, odločbe Vrhovnega sodišča, odločbe Ustavnega sodišča, hrvaška kazenska zakonodaja 
Year of publishing:2010
Publisher:[M. Smeh]
Source:Maribor
UDC:34(043.2)
COBISS_ID:4120875 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:3TLCLWGZ
Views:1897
Downloads:376
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Categories:PF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:ECONOMIC CRIMES IN CASE LAW OF CONSTITUTIONAL AND SUPREME COURT REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA
Abstract:Economic crime is an legal offense, which is declared by the law as punishable because of its direct or indirect danger for legal values and goods for economy and at the same time is defined for its signs and punishment. There are economic crimes in narrow sense and economic crimes in broad sense. This division includes economic crimes in 24. Chapter of Penal Code of Republic of Slovenia and also other crimes, which are related to the economy. In this thesis are presented economic crimes in narrow sense from phenomenological point of view and through case law of the Supreme and Constitutional court Republic of Slovenia. There are also presented differences between regulation, that is valid now, and regulation, which was included in earlier valid Penal Code. White – collar crime is a crime, that is performed by an individual or a group in performing a profession, business administration or management. Victims of white – collar crime are citizens, organization, that employs committers, or a competitive enterprise. The unsuccessful supervision of problems threatens the economic stability of the country, on its functions and has negative influence on democracy. Because of that the prosecution of these offenses is crucial for successful functioning of whole system and all that depends on law enforcement, legislation and victim’s willingness to cooperate in proceedings. Criminal law would not have had sense unless there is appropriate sentence for each crime, so this thesis presents sentences that are anticipated in the Penal Code and in the Law on liability of legal entity for criminal acts. In this thesis is presented a comparison with economic crimes, that are defined in the Penal Code of Republic of Croatia. In addition there is a comparison in third Chapter, where there is a discussion about the interpretation of economic crimes from the Supreme and Constitutional court Republic of Slovenia. Included are also some decisions from croation supreme court.
Keywords:economic crimes, statistic data, law enforcement of economic crimes, decisions of the Supreme court Republic of Slovenia, decisions of the Constitutional court Republic of Slovenia, croatian criminal law


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