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Title:SPANJE V STAROSTI
Authors:Topolovec, Alenka (Author)
Habjanič, Ana (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Topolovec_Alenka_2010.pdf (514,81 KB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Spanje je ena izmed osnovnih življenjskih aktivnosti človeka. V starosti so motnje spanja pogostejše. Med njimi je nespečnost na prvem mestu. Pojem nespečnosti je subjektiven, saj izraža človekov občutek kakovosti spanja. Fiziologijo spanja urejata dva mehanizma, cirkadiani ritem in homeostaza. Spanje sestavlja pet faz v obliki enega cikla, ki se preko noči tri do petkrat ponovi. V diplomskem delu smo obravnavali aktivno spanje pri starostnikih med 65. in 80. letom. Z anketo smo ugotavljali tipične probleme in vzroke sprememb pri spanju ter možne vzroke motenj spanja in potrebne ukrepe za njegovo izboljšanje, kar skupaj imenujemo higiena spanja. Rezultati raziskave so potrdili, da imajo starejši ljudje pogostejše težave s spanjem. Kot glavni razlog motenega spanca je bil prisoten fizični dejavnik. Pri tem so izpostavili dva dejavnika, težave pri uriniranju in bolečina, kot najpogostejši motnji. Psihični dejavnik je bil manj pomemben, medtem ko dejavniki okolja niso imeli bistvenega vpliva na motnje spanja. Starostniki so v večini primerov izboljševali svoje spanje z jemanjem tablet. V manjši meri so jim v pomoč nemedikamentozni ukrepi. Opredeljeno je tudi zdravstveno vzgojno delovanje medicinske sestre, ki ima pomembno vlogo pri edukaciji starostnikov in svojcev za doseganje dobrega spanca. Dobro spanje zagotavlja pomemben doprinos h kakovosti življenja.
Keywords:spanje, motnje spanja, starostnik, higiena spanja, cirkadiani ritem, homeostaza, medicinska sestra, kakovost spanja.
Year of publishing:2010
Publisher:[A. Topolovec]
Source:Maribor
UDC:613.79-053.9
COBISS_ID:1580708 Link is opened in a new window
Views:2982
Downloads:696
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:SLEEPING PROCESS IN ELDERY
Abstract:Sleep is one of the primary life activities of human being. In older age the sleep disorder is more often and insomnia is the number one of its cause. The term of insomnia is subjective, because it expresses human feeling of sleep quality. Two mechanisms organize the physiology of sleep, circadian rhythm and homeostasis. Sleep is composed of five phases within one cycle, which is repeated three to five times during the night. In graduate thesis we examine elderly people between 65 and 80 years old. With Questionnaire we search for the quality of sleep, morning satisfaction (contentment) after waking, the need for daily rest (nap), possible causes of sleep disorder and the necessary measures for its improvement, what is named the hygiene of sleep. The results of research proved, that elderly people has problems with sleep more often. The main cause of sleep disorder was the presence of physical factor. Two factors were exposed, the problems with urinating and pain, as the most frequent disorders. Mental factors were less important, meanwhile the environmental factors did not have essential influence on sleep disorder. Elderly people, in most cases, improved their sleep with taking pills. In less extent the non medical measures were used. The health - educational activity of nurse was defined, which has an important role in education of elderly people and their relatives in achieving good sleep. Good sleep ensures the important contribution in quality of living.
Keywords:sleep, sleep disorder, elderly people, hygiene of sleep, circadian rhythm, homeostasis, nurse, quality of sleep


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