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Title:Razširjenost in izvajanje ukrepov za preprečevanje zoonoz v Sloveniji
Authors:ID Reisman, Emina (Author)
ID Turk, Karl (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Reisman_Emina_2010.pdf (767,07 KB)
MD5: DEC4C2ACDB2BF3EEE8B75E88551F0511
PID: 20.500.12556/dkum/69b01806-0a52-4903-be46-f49e389ae9b8
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Vloga medicinske sestre pri izvajanju preventive pred zoonozami je bil izziv za izdelavo diplomskega dela. Opisali smo številne naloge, ki jih medicinska sestra opravi v okviru cepljenja pred nalezljivimi boleznimi, ki jih povzročajo zoonoze in v okviru zdravstvene vzgoje z upoštevanjem potreb posameznika. Zoonoze so bolezni živali, ki se lahko prenašajo na človeka preko fecesa, mesa, mleka, jajc in ostalih izločkov. Boj zoper zoonoze terja poleg zdravljenja bolezni še posebne obsežne ukrepe pri zatiranju teh bolezni. Najučinkovitejši preventivni ukrep pred zoonozami je vsekakor cepljenje. Cepljenje (vakcinacija) je poseg v človekov organizem, s katerim z vnašanjem antigena v telo sprožimo tvorbo protiteles proti določeni nalezljivi bolezni. Je najučinkovitejši ukrep za preprečevanje, obvladovanje in zatiranje bolezni. V Sloveniji je cepljenje obvezno in se sistematično in kontinuirano izvaja v skladu s predpisano zakonodajo. V diplomskem delu smo predstavili vlogo medicinske sestre pri izvajanju ukrepov za preprečevanje zoonoz v Sloveniji. Prav tako smo preučili izbrane zoonoze, ki se pri nas najpogosteje pojavljajo, za pet letno obdobje. Te bolezni, ki jih povzročajo zoonoze, so steklina, tetanus, leptospiroza in vročica q. Dobljene rezultate smo preučili in grafično prikazali. Rezultati raziskave so pokazali, da so nekatere zoonoze še vedno v porastu. Pogostost pojavljanja je zelo različna glede na posamezno bolezen in posamezno območje po Sloveniji. Tetanus se najpogosteje pojavlja na območju Celja, leptospiroza na območju Murske Sobote, Ljubljana pa izstopa po pojavljanju vročice q.
Keywords:zoonoze, nalezljive bolezni, zdravstvena vzgoja, cepljenje, medicinska sestra
Year of publishing:2010
Publisher:[E. Reisman]
Source:Maribor
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-12950 New window
UDC:616.993:614.253.5
COBISS.SI-ID:1576100 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:EETHF94W
Publication date in DKUM:09.03.2010
Views:2996
Downloads:326
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Prevalence and implementation of the measures for prevention of zoonosis in Slovenia
Abstract:The role of a nurse in zoonosis prevetion makes the central theme of our graduation thesis, in which we provide a detailed description of the numerous tasks a nurse has to perform in the course of vaccination against contagious diseases caused by zoonoses, as well as the tasks performed for the sake of health education with regard to the needs of individual people. Zoonoses are animal diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans through feces, infected meat, eggs, as well as other excrements. The struggle against zoonoses involves – apart from the very medical treatment of the infected and sick patients going on in the process – other special broad and far-reaching measures aimed at fighting the disease itself. It is vaccination, however, which is generally considered to be the most effective preventive measure against zoonotic diseases. Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material into a human body, where this very antigenic material triggers the production of antibodies against a particular contagious disease. Vaccination makes the most effective disease-prevention, disease management, and disease elimination measure. In Slovenia vaccination is compulsory and is practiced systematically and continuously according to the legislation. In our graduation thesis we tried to present the role of a nurse in taking preventive measures against zoonoses in Slovenia. We examined the appearance of the chosen zoonoses as they appeared in Slovenia in a five-year-period. The diseases caused by zoonotic pathogens in Slovenia include rabies, tetanus, leptospirosis, and fever. We made a thorough examination of the results we received, and displayed the data in a graphical form. Results of our studies show that some zoonoses have still been on an increase. The frequency of zoonotic diseases varies according to each particular disease and to each individual area within Slovenia. Tetanus has most frequently been observed in the area around the town of Celje, whereas cases of leptospirosis have most frequently been reported from the area around the town of Murska Sobota, while the area around Ljubljana is notorious for its cases of Q fever.
Keywords:zoonoses, contagious diseases, health education, vaccination, a nurse


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