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Title:VPLIV GLOBALNE FINANČNE KRIZE NA BORZNE TRGE PO SVETU
Authors:Lisica, Jure (Author)
Jagrič, Timotej (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UNI_Lisica_Jure_2009.pdf (494,79 KB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:EPF - Faculty of Business and Economics
Abstract:Danes se je iz nepremičninske krize v ZDA razvila globalna finančna kriza, le-ta pa poglablja gospodarsko recesijo kar v gospodarsko krizo, le da se večina ljudi tega še ne zaveda. Ob koncu leta 2007 so vodilni evropski in svetovni borzni indeksi dosegli vrhove. Po objavi negativnih informacij finančnega sektorja je sledil strm upad vrednosti vseh borznih indeksov. Za umiritev posledic finančne krize je posredovala ameriška centralna banka z zniževanjem ključne obrestne mere, čemur so sledile centralne banke vseh pomembnih svetovnih gospodarstev. Z objavo stečaja ene izmed največjih investicijskih bank Lehman Brothers v sredini septembra se je začela ponovna polomija na svetovnih borzah. Svetovni borzni indeksi so tako zabeležili ekstremne enodnevne padce. Ob koncu septembra so v Ameriki objavili program reševanja finančne krize, vreden kar 700 milijard dolarjev. Večina svetovnih indeksov je v enem letu v povprečju izgubila 40 odstotkov svoje vrednosti. Nivoji izrped enega leta se nam danes zdijo kakor pravljica. Združene države Amerike, kjer je epicenter krize, so v središču težke recesije, ki se odraža v zastoju na posojilnem trgu, strmem padcu cen nepremičnin in delnic ter visoki negotovosti. Vse članice evrskega področja beležijo negativno stopnjo rasti, hkrati pa je prišlo do povečanja brezposelnosti, posojilnega krča, odpisov bank itd. Težko in negotovo obdobje, v katerem se nahajamo, zahteva učinkovite ukrepe tako na finančni kot na makroekonomski strani. Na slovenskem borznem trgu se je odziv na svetovno krizo kazal z zamikom. To pomeni, da je bil prvi upad tečajev zabeležen proti koncu januarja 2008. Ob primerjavi Slovenije z ostalimi razvitimi trgi lahko rečemo, da tečaji odražajo relativno slabo likvidnost slovenskega trga. Dogodki, ki so se vrstili v drugi polovici leta 2008, kot so stečaj Lehman Brothers, prenosi številnih finančnih družb pod državno okrilje, paketi državnih pomoči, prenos finančne krize v realni sektor ipd., so za vse vlagatelje predstavljali veliko oviro pri novih vlaganjih v finančne instrumente, saj se je tržno tveganje zelo izredno povečalo. Ali smo že dosegli dno krize, kdaj se bo kriza končala in kakšne bodo posledice lahko le ugibamo. Sedaj svetovno gospodarstvo čaka naporna pot vzpostavljanja novega ravnovesja, predvsem pa novega finančnega reda, večje transparentnosti in bolj poostrenega nadzora na vseh področjih.
Keywords:trg vrednostnih papirjev, borzni indeks, delnica, borzni zlom, globalna finančna kriza, recesija.
Year of publishing:2009
Publisher:[J. Lisica]
Source:Maribor
UDC:338.1
COBISS_ID:10047772 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:1JS7SQX6
Views:2317
Downloads:414
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Categories:EPF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:THE IMPACT OF THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS ON STOCK MARKETS AROUND THE WORLD
Abstract:The real estate crises in the USA has turned into global financial crisis which deepend the economy into recesion, leaving the majority of people unaware of it. At the end of 2007 the leading European and global stock market indexes reached peaks. After publishing a negative data, a financial sector has shown a rapid decline of stock indexes value. US central bank has entered process of market stabilization with a task lowering key interest rates , which was also followed by other major global economy central banks. Bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers, one of the largest investment bank (in the world), has caused »re-disaster« of the world markets back in the mid september of 2008. Global stock indexes marked extreme daily falls. At the end of september of 2008 US government published economy plan, worth 700 billion dollars. Most of world stock indexes droped for about 40 percent of its value over one year period. Last year's index levels seem to be unreal compare to current situation. United States of America represents center of crisis, also trapped in a deep recesion reflecting stagnation of a lending market, real estate prices, share prices, as well as leaving uncertanty in place. All European countries record negative growth rate, high unemployement rate, lending cramp, bankruptcies, etc. Currently we live in a difficult and uncertain period which requires effective measures on both financial and macroeconomic side. In Slovenia, stock market was adjusting to the global crises with a short delay, which was shown by first index drop back in january 2008. To compare Slovenia with other developed markets, it is clear to say, that indexes record relatively low liquidity on Slovenian market. Events, taking place during the second half of the 2008, such as Lehman Brothers bankruptcy, ownership transfers, financial aid packages, etc., were representing bounderies for new investments due to extremly high risk. Have crises reached the bottom, when crises will end, what consequences will crises cause are only asumptions one can make. Global economy is facing a challange re-constructing a new balance with new financial policy, greater transparency, and intensive control within the world of economy.
Keywords:securities market, stock exchange index, share, market crach, global financial crisis, recession.


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