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Title:Nekatere najpomembnejše osebnostne teorije in njihov kriminološki pomen
Authors:Ratković, Ines (Author)
Dežman, Zlatko (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UNI_Ratkovic_Ines_2009.pdf (2,91 MB)
MD5: 0FF7B3231CFBF8763591B6FB108A11A4
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Abstract:Človekova osebnost je nekaj zelo posebnega, izvirnega in samosvojega v človeku, zaradi nje postane človek enkraten. Izoblikuje se s prepletanjem osebnih psihofizičnih lastnosti in značilnosti družbenega okolja, ki je prav tako pomemben dejavnik pri njenem oblikovanju. Tako ima vsak človek, ki so ga objektivni pogoji oblikovali, motivirali in pognali na inkriminirano dejavnost, določeno strukturo svoje osebnosti, katera se odlikuje z mnogimi, individualno izraženimi lastnostmi. Nekatere osebnostne lastnosti so tako odločilnega pomena tudi za razvoj agresivnosti pri posamezniku. Kot so številne in raznolike vede in definicije o agresivnosti, so številne tudi razlage osebnostnega delovanja - teorije osebnosti, ki predstavljajo končno stopnjo preučevanja osebnosti. Tako lahko pomembnejše teorije osebnosti razvrstimo v nekaj skupin, glede na to, kam umeščajo izvor osebnosti in kje vidijo njeno težišče. Izvor ali težišče je lahko oseba sama, njena biološka podlaga (biološke teorije), motivi (motivacijske teorije, psihodinamske in humanistične teorije), poteze (strukturne teorije), kognitivne značilnosti (kognitivne teorije) ali pa njeno okolje, dražljaji (vedenjske teorije), socialne situacije in socialno učenje (socialne teorije). Obstajajo tudi teorije, ki skušajo uravnoteženo obravnavati osebnostne in okoljne dejavnike kot izvore osebnosti (funkcionalne, integralne, interakcionistične in socialno-kognitivne teorije). V diplomski nalogi sem se osredotočila na eno samo skupino osebnostnih teorij in sicer na psihodinamske teorije osebnosti ter njihove najpomembnejše predstavnike (Freud, Adler, Jung, Horney, Fromm), poglede na osebnost, prestopništvo in agresivnost podrobneje predstavila. Ob spoznavanju teorij osebnosti človeka sem tako prišla do zaključka, da v bistvu tista »prava« teorija ne obstaja. Vsaka izmed njih zajema razlage iz svojega zornega kota in tako predstavlja le del celostne teorije osebnosti. Šele, ko združimo vsebino vseh opredeljenih teorij in uzremo širši objektiv, lahko govorimo o sistemu, ki razlaga osebnost kot takšno. A vseeno bo del osebnosti verjetno zmeraj ostal nerazložljiv in skrivnosten, kar žene ter bo gnalo k novim razmišljanjem in odpiralo vrata morda nastanku novih teorij osebnosti človeka.
Keywords:Človekova osebnost, osebnostne lastnosti, agresivnost, teorija osebnosti, psihodinamske teorije, Freud, Adler, Jung, Karen Horney, Fromm.
Year of publishing:2009
Publisher:[I. Ratković]
Source:Maribor
UDC:34(043.2)
COBISS_ID:3980075 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:9VZG1THS
Views:5918
Downloads:1136
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Categories:PF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Some of the most important personality theories and their importance to criminological
Abstract:A human's personality is something unique, exceptional and self standing in a human. It makes a man one of a kind. It is shaped from psychophysical features of an individual and from social environment, which is also a key factor in developing of personality. Each human that is shaped, motivated and driven to incriminating actions by the objective conditions, has a certain personality structure that is distinguished by several individually expressed characteristics. Some personal characteristics are also crucial for development of aggressive behavior in individuals. There are so many different sciences and definitions about aggressive behavior as there are explanations of personal activity – personality theories which present the final step in researching of personality. We can arrange these personal theories into groups depending on the source of personality and the centre of personality. The source or the centre can be the person itself, its biological background (biological theories), motives (motivation theories, psychodynamic and humanistic theories), features (structure theories), cognitive characteristics (cognitive theories) or its environment, stimulants (behavior theories), social situations and social learning (social theories). There are also some theories that try to equilibrate the study of personal and environmental factors as the source of personality (functional , integral, interactive and socially cognitive theories). In my research paper I have focused on one group of personality theories; these would be psychodynamic theories and their more prominent representatives (Freud, Adler, Jung, Horney, Fromm). I have presented in more detail, the views of personality, aggressiveness and delinquency. While researching the theories of human personality I came to a conclusion that there is no theory which could be the “one”. Each of them views the personality from a different angle and so represents only a part of the whole personality theory. Only when we join together the content of all these theories and stand back to look at it from a distance, we can talk about a system that explains the personality as such. Either way a part of human personality will always stay mysterious and inexplicable, which will force us to new thinking and will open the door to new theories about human personality.
Keywords:Human personality, Personal characteristics, Aggressiveness, Personality theory, Psychodynamic theories, Freud, Adler, Jung, Karen Horney, Fromm…


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