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Title:ZAMUDA IZPOLNITVE OBVEZNOSTI
Authors:Jevnikar, Katja (Author)
Mežnar, Drago (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Vavtar, Bojan (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf UNI_Jevnikar_Katja_2009.pdf (807,34 KB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:FOV - Faculty of Organizational Sciences in Kranj
Abstract:Obligacijsko pravo obravnava razmerja med upnikom in dolžnikom. Razmerje med strankama lahko nastane na podlagi enostranskega pravnega posla, nastanka škode, neupravičene pridobitve, poslovodstva brez naročila ter največkrat na podlagi pogodbe. Pogodbena razmerja stranke kršijo z nepravilno izpolnitvijo, nemožnostjo izpolnitve, neupoštevanjem stranskih obveznosti ter zamudo. Institut zamude nastopi, ko stranka svoje obveznosti ob zapadlosti ne izpolni, pri čemer obveznost obstaja naprej in jo je še vedno možno izpolniti. Možno je, da stranka svoje obveznosti ne izpolni v celoti in se zanjo ne zmeni ali pa jo želi izpolniti, vendar drugače, kot je bilo dogovorjeno. V primeru, ko upnik ni dolžan sprejeti takšne izpolnitve, jo lahko zavrne. Sankcije, ki sledijo zamudi, so pravica do odstopa od pogodbe, zamudne obresti, nadomestne izpolnitve (največkrat denarna odškodnina), lahko gre za sankcije po zakonu ali po pogodbi kot pogodbene kazni ali penali. Z raziskavo smo ugotovili, da osebe, ki sklepajo običajne pogodbe, kakor tudi osebe, ki sklepajo gospodarske pogodbe, instituta zamude ne poznajo oziroma ga poznajo površno. Za negospodarske pogodbenike je to nekako razumljivo in sprejemljivo, gospodarstveniki pa bi ga morali poznati že zaradi 6. člena v Obligacijskem zakoniku, ki nalaga strokovnjakom in gospodarstvenikom izpolnjevanje (poklicne) obveznosti s skrbnostjo, ki se v pravnem prometu zahteva pri ustrezni vrsti obligacijskih razmerij, oziroma skrbnostjo po pravilih stroke in po običajih.
Keywords:Zamuda, pogodba, upnik, dolžnik
Year of publishing:2009
Source:Maribor
COBISS_ID:6525971 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:4PTBIWYH
Views:2348
Downloads:419
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Categories:FOV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:FAILURE TO FULFIL CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS
Abstract:The law of contracts governs relations between a creditor and a debtor. A relation between the two parties can be founded on a unilateral juristic act, occurrence of a damage, unjust enrichment, conduction of business without mandate, and, most commonly, on the basis of a contract. A contract may be breached by an incorrect fulfilment, inability to fulfil, non-compliance to additional terms of contract or a delay in fulfilling an obligation. The act of delay occurs when a party fails to fulfil their obligation by the date of maturity while the obligation remains due and is still subject to fulfilment. It may occur that a party fails to fulfil their obligation in full, ignores it or wishes to fulfil it in terms other than those agreed upon. If the creditor is not obliged to accept such a fulfilment they can refuse it. Remedies for a delay include the right of withdrawal from the contract, charging default interests, alternative fulfilments (usually in the form of a pecuniary compensation) or remedies envisaged by the law or the contract, such as a penalty or a fine. Our research shows that neither persons entering into ordinary contracts nor persons entering into commercial contracts are familiar with the act of delay or are familiar with it only vaguely. As far as non-commercial contractors are concerned, this is somewhat understandable and acceptable; however, individuals active in the field of economy and commerce should be familiar with this, if for no other reason than Article 6 of the Code of Obligations, which requires them to fulfil their (professional) obligations with all due care demanded in the context of legal transactions with a given type of contractual obligations, and with all due care envisaged by codes of their profession and good practice.
Keywords:Delay, contract, creditor, debtor


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