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Title:PREGANJANJE JEHOVOVIH PRIČ NA SLOVENSKEM V ČASU KOMUNIZMA
Authors:Varga, Maja (Author)
Friš, Darko (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UNI_Varga_Maja_2009.pdf (3,32 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Abstract:Jehovove priče so ljudem znane po vsem svetu. Njihovo oznanjevanje in način čaščenja najdemo v vseh nacionalnih in rasnih skupinah, med mladimi in starejšimi, v vseh ekonomskih in izobrazbenih nivojih človeške družbe. Njihova gorečnost za oznanjevanje Božjega kraljestva je naredila vtis na mnoge ljudi, celo kritike. Se ne vmešavajo v politiko, a vendar zelo spoštujejo oblasti. Ljubezen, ki jo imajo med seboj in do drugih, navdaja ljudi z željo, da bi bilo več takšnih ljudi na zemlji. Kljub temu se mnogi vprašujejo: »Kdo so pravzaprav Jehovove priče?«, »Zakaj so ljudi, ki so znani po poštenosti in vdanosti, oblasti preganjale?« V svoji diplomski nalogi z naslovom PREGANJANJE JEHOVOVIH PRIČ NA SLOVENSKEM V ČASU KOMUNIZMA sem v prvem delu najprej predstavila Jehovove priče in njihovo verovanje, njihov razvoj v svetu ter razvoj na Slovenskem. V tem sklopu naloge sem prav tako predstavila politične razmere v Sloveniji po letu 1945. V drugem delu naloge obravnavam preganjanje Jehovovih prič pod komunističnim režimom, največjo pozornost pa sem usmerila na preganjanje v kasnejšem obdobju, po letu 1975, ko je komunistična oblast kršila človeške pravice, zapisane v Deklaraciji človekovih pravic. Pri mnogih Jehovovih pričah so bile kratene človekove pravice, s tem da so jih obsojali na zaporne kazni zaradi njihovega verskega prepričanja, ker niso hoteli odslužiti vojaškega roka ali pa se udeležiti orožnih vaj. Skozi intervjuje preganjancev sem predstavila njihove zgodbe in preizkušnje, ki so jih tisti čas zaradi ugovora vesti doživljali. Predstavila sem tudi Ustavo in ugovor vesti ter pobude civilnega služenja vojske s strani mirovnih gibanj, ki so bila po letu 1980 še posebej aktivna. Številne komentarje in novice, ki sem jih uporabila glede preganjanja Jehovovih prič zaradi odklanjanja orožja in uniforme, neodzivanja vpoklicu v vojsko ter odklanjanja služenja vojaškega roka, pobude in razprave o civilnem služenju vojaškega roka, o Ustavi in ugovoru vesti, sem našla v časniku Večer in Delo ter informativnem tedniku Dela Teleks . Največ novic in komentarjev pa sem našla v reviji Mladina , nekaj v 7D ter tudi v Dnevniku . Pregledala sem fond AS 1444 Republiškega senata za prekrške, škatla 1 -26. Iskala sem prekrške Jehovovih prič v zgodnjih obdobjih od leta 1952 dalje, vendar žal nisem našla ničesar. Ravno v tistem času so del arhiva obnavljali in ga selili, zato je bilo delo oteženo. V zgodovinskem arhivu Ljubljana sem pregledala fond K in II škatlo 14, ki je vsebovala nekaj dokumentov vojaškega sodišča od leta 1948 do leta 1979. Tudi med njimi nisem našla ničesar.
Keywords:Jehovove priče, komunistični režim, preganjanje, človeške pravice, civilno služenje, odškodnina, ugovor vesti
Year of publishing:2009
Publisher:[M. Varga]
Source:Maribor
UDC:2(043.2)
COBISS_ID:17194504 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:7TXRSCP8
Views:2833
Downloads:364
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Categories:FF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:PERSECUTION OF THE JEHOVAH’S WITNESSES UNDER COMMUNIST REGIME
Abstract:The history of Jehovah’s Witnesses began to form more than one hundred years ago. It started in 1870’s under leadership of Charles Taze Russell, who formed meetings of Bible students that later became Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society. Later in the 30’s and 40’s of the 20th century many of them were persecuted and arrested because they were proclaiming God’s kingdom. In many legal proceedings they fought for their rights, freedom of speeches, freedom of publishing and rights for public meetings. The work of Jehovah’s Witnesses was also persecuted during the Second World War. Because they didn’t want to cooperate with the Nazi regime, a lot of Witnesses were sent to concentration camp. Jehovah’s Witnesses appeared in Slovenia in the middle of 1920’s. Between 1925 and 1927 there was a small group of Bible students in Maribor, known as “Raziskovalci Biblije” or “Bibelforšerji”, who had meetings in their private homes. Later in 1953 a constitution of Christian community of Jehovah’s Witnesses was accepted and registered in Belgrade. Jehovah’s Witnesses are worldwide known as people who are politically neutral. Because of this the authorities during communist regime (1945 – 1990) put them under trial. A lot of them were convicted for long sentences in prison. After they served their time in the prison and came out, they were again convicted for the same thing. A lot of Witnesses spent more than ten years in prison. Firstly they were persecuted because of preaching the Bible, later because of refusing of weapons, uniforms and military service. Because communist government persecuted Jehovah’s Witnesses, they have violated declaration of Human rights. Trough stories of some Witnesses, who were imprisoned, it can be seen what they went through and how they have suffered during that period of time. But their persistence was awarded. In 1985 the first discussions about conscientious objection in civil service instead of military service took place. Civil service allowed individuals free and honorable life. Later in 1990’s a bill has been passed about rectification of injustice. Many Jehovah’s Witnesses received a status of former political prisoners and with that they have the right to indemnity.
Keywords:Jehovah’s Witnesses, communist regime, persecution, rectification of injustice, civil service, indemnity, conscientious objection


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