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Title:UKREPI ZA REŠEVANJE FINANČNE KRIZE
Authors:Verbovšek, Simona (Author)
Zbašnik, Dušan (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UNI_Verbovsek_Simona_2009.pdf (762,96 KB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:EPF - Faculty of Business and Economics
Abstract:Izraz finančna kriza vsebuje poleg valutne in bančne tudi dolžniško krizo, saj zanjo ni enotne definicije. Do trenutne finančne krize, ki je najhujša po 2. svetovni vojni, je prišlo zaradi padca cen nepremičnin in prenehanja odplačevanja hipotekarnih kreditov. S hitrostjo in v obsegu, ki sta presenetila tako udeležence na trgih kakor tudi opazovalce, se je kriza takoj razširila na druge dele svetovnega finančnega sistema. Grozijo nam enormne posledice, saj že lahko čutimo posledice kot so zmanjšanje gospodarske aktivnosti, odpuščanja, porast brezposelnosti, stečaji podjetij in še kaj. Eden izmed načinov reševanja posledic krize so privatni prevzemi ali nacionalizacija kritičnih finančnih institucij, za odpravo vzrokov krize pa je potrebno stabiliziranje cen nepremičnin, oblikovanje cen novih finančnih instrumentov in obnova gospodarske rasti v ZDA in v svetu nasploh. Recesija se je s časovnim zamikom razširila povsod po svetu, vendar so zaradi vse večje globalizacije in tesnejše povezanosti trgov časovni zaostanki vse manjši, svetovna kontaminacija geografsko in sektorsko pa vse hitrejša. V svetu bo potrebno zgraditi novo mednarodno finančno arhitekturo, katere osnovni namen bi bil vzpostavitev pogojev za dobro delujoč mednarodni finančni sistem. Na področju mednarodnih financ se neprilagojenost sedanjega finančnega sistema novonastalim razmeram najbolj jasno kaže preko Mednarodnega denarnega sklada. Resna reforma mednarodne finančne arhitekture bo tako morala vsebovati ne le spremenjen vsebinski mandat te institucije, temveč bo morala zagotoviti tudi precej večji pomen razvijajočih se držav pri njenem upravljanju. Na vsebinskem področju dolgoročne rešitve mednarodnega finančnega sistema ne bodo mogoče, če ne bo vzpostavljen okvir, v katerem bi države učinkovito usklajevale svoje politike deviznega tečaja in odpravljale presežna plačilnobilančna neravnotežja. Za doseganje obeh ciljev bi bil Mednarodni denarni sklad, če bi bil primerno vsebinsko prilagojen, lahko primeren institucionalni okvir.
Keywords:finančna kriza, hipotekarni krediti, povezanost svetovnega gospodarstva, gospodarska rast, mednarodni učinki, recesija, protikrizni ukrepi, nova finančna arhitektura, Mednarodni denarni sklad
Year of publishing:2009
Publisher:[S. Verbovšek]
Source:Laško
UDC:338.1
COBISS_ID:10059804 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:MG1KDOKD
Views:5010
Downloads:1205
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:EPF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:MEASURES TO SOLVE THE FINANCIAL CRISIS
Abstract:Term “financial crisis” contains currency, banking and debt crisis because there is no unified definition. Current financial crisis is the worst after 2nd World War. It happened because of the fall of real estate prices and because of stopped paying of mortgage credits. With speed and in scope that surprised both, market participants and observers, the crisis has immediately expanded on other parts of financial system. Enormous consequences are threatening us. We can already feel reduction of economic activity, increase of unemployment, bankruptcies of companies and more. Private takeovers or nationalization of critical financial institutions are ways for rescuing of the financial crisis consequences. Stabilizing of real estate prices, forming of new financial instrument prices and renewal of economic growth in United States and in world are necessary for abolition of financial crisis. Recession has expanded with delay all over the world, however time setbacks are smaller because of bigger globalization and tighter market connection, and world contamination is faster geographical and sectoral. A new international financial architecture will have to be built, which basic function would be establishment of conditions for well-functioning of international financial system. Maladjustment of present financial system to newly created circumstances in international finances is been reflected by International Monetary Fund (IMF). Beside the changed content mandate of International Monetary Fund the serious reform of international monetary architecture will also have to assure larger sense of developing countries with its managing. Long-term solutions of international financial system will not be possible on content field if there will not be established frame in which countries would efficiently harmonize their politics of foreign exchange rate and abolish surplus imbalances of balance sheet. The International Monetary Fund could be suitable institutional frame for achieving these goals if it would be properly contently adapted.
Keywords:financial crisis, mortgage credits, connection of world economy, economic growth, international effects, recession, anti-crisis measures, new financial architecture, International Monetary Fund


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