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Title:SLOVENSKE AVTOHTONE PASME DOMAČIH ŽIVALI
Authors:Krajnc, Vanina (Author)
Janžekovič, Marjan (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Krajnc_Vanina_2009.pdf (1,31 MB)
MD5: BA8FED0E171FD1E8707400C0DB510624
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:FKBV - Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences
Abstract:Na podlagi dostopnih podatkov smo proučili dejansko stanje števila avtohtonih pasem živali in njihovo povečevanje oziroma zmanjševanje v zadnjih letih. Cilj raziskave je bil predstaviti možnosti za izboljšanje številčnega stanja teh ogroženih živalskih vrst. Slovenske avtohtone pasme so tiste pasme domačih živali, ki so nastale na območju Republike Slovenije. V Sloveniji imamo registriranih 14 avtohtonih živalskih pasem, in sicer: Lipicanski konj, Posavski konj, Slovenski hladnokrvni konj, Cikasto govedo, Bovška ovca, Istrska pramenka, Belokranjska pramenka, Jezersko-solčavska ovca, Drežniška koza, Krškopoljski prašič, Štajerska kokoš, Kranjska čebela, Kraški ovčar, Soška postrv. V raziskavi smo postavili hipotezo, da brez državne finančne pomoči lahko nekatere avtohtone živalske vrste v prihodnosti izumrejo. To grozi trenutno Kraškemu ovčarju in Kranjski čebeli, pri kateri je v lanskem letu nastal velik izpad zaradi masovnih zastrupitev s pesticidi. Pri Kraškem ovčarju je bilo 2006. leta 665 živali, 2007. leta pa je število padlo na 525. Problem je predvsem v premajhnem številu odbranih samic z rodovnikom. Pri Kranjski čebeli se je zmanjšalo število čebeljih družin s 170682 na 150676. Število čistopasemskih plemenskih matic v rodovniški knjigi se nasprotno ni zmanjšalo in zato stopnja ogroženosti ostaja nespremenjena. Če želimo ohraniti in povečati število naših slovenskih avtohtonih pasem, mora država še naprej zagotavljati primerno finančno pomoč. Velik pomen ima tudi informiranje in osveščanje ljudi o pomenu avtohtonih živali in naravni dediščini.
Keywords:domače živali / avtohtone pasme / genska banka / rejski programi
Year of publishing:2009
Source:Hoče
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:7JIZMR9F
Views:7469
Downloads:691
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Categories:FKBV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:SLOVENIAN AUTOCHTHON DOMESTIC ANIMAL SPECIES
Abstract:On the base of accessible data we looked into the actual number of autochthon animals species and changes of these numbers in the previous years. The main goal of the research is to present the possibilities of increasing the number of endangered animal species. Slovenian autochthon animal species are those domestic animal species, who arise from Slovenian region. There are 14 autochthon animal species registered in Slovenia. These are: Lipicanski konj, Posavski konj, Slovenski hladnokrvni konj, Cikasto govedo, Jezersko-solčavska ovca, Bovška ovca, Istrska pramenka, Belokranjska pramenka, Drežniška koza, Krškopoljski prašič, Štajerska kokoš, Kranjska čebela, Kraški ovčar, Soška postrv. In this research a hypothese is made and it says that without the state financial support some autochthon animal species could die out in the future. This is especially a threat to Kraški ovčar and Kranjska čebela. The number of Kranjska čebela has in tha past year declined because of the masive poisoning with pesticids. The number of Kraški ovčar has declined from 665 in year 2006 to 525 in 2007. The problem is in the small number of females with genealogical tree. As mentioned the number of Kranjska čebela families has declined from 170682 to 150676. The number of purebred queen bee in genealogical tree has not declined, therefore the degree of endangerment remains the same. If we want to further preserve and increase the number of Slovenian autochthone animal species the state must continue to assure the financial support. There is also a great meaning in general informing and regaining consciousness about the significance of autochthone animals and natural heritage.
Keywords:domestic animals / autochthon animal species / genetic data bank / breeding programs


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