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Title:VPLIV UPORABE RASTNEGA REGULATORJA PROHEKSADION-Ca NA OBLIKOVANJE PRIDELKA JABLAN (Malus domestica Borkh.) OKUŽENIH S FITOPLAZMO CANDIDATUS PHYTOPLASMA MALI
Authors:Žafran, Zvezdana (Author)
Lešnik, Mario (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Zafran_Zvezdana_2009.pdf (834,48 KB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis (m2)
Organization:FKBV - Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences
Abstract:V nasadih jablan sort Idared in Elstar smo tri leta preučevali vpliv aplikacije rastnega regulatorja proheksadion-Ca na količino in kakovost pridelka jabolk. Proheksadion-Ca smo nanesli dvakrat v rastni dobi v odmerku 75 g/ha pri sorti Idared in 150 g/ha pri sorti Elstar. Prvi nanos je bil izvršen, ko so poganjki dosegli dolžino 5–8 cm, in drugi tri tedne pozneje. Izvedli smo primerjave med učinki uporabe regulatorja proheksadion pri različnih sortah in zdravimi jablanovimi drevesi in drevesi, ki so bila okužena s fitoplazmo, povzročiteljico bolezni metličavost jablan (AP – Apple proliferation – Candidatus phytoplasma mali). Delo je bilo usmerjeno predvsem v preučevanje učinka rastnega regulatorja na potek patogeneze in jakost izražanja bolezenskih znakov pri drevesih okuženih z AP-fitoplazmo. Uporaba proheksadion-Ca je značilno povečala kakovost in količino pridelka jabolk tako pri zdravih kot pri okuženih drevesih. Pridelek jabolk okuženih dreves se je pri sorti Idared povečal za 18 % in pri sorti Elstar za 15 %. Na podlagi primerjave med okuženimi drevesi, ki niso bila ali pa so bila tretirana z regulatorjem proheksadion-Ca, smo prišli glede učinkov uporabe proheksadion-Ca do naslednjih ugotovitev: delež plodov prvega razreda se je pri sorti Idared povečal iz 17 % na 36 % in pri sorti Elstar iz 18 % na 30 %, povprečna vsebnost sladkorja se je pri plodovih sorte Idared povečala iz 9.8 °Brix na 10.9 °Brix in iz 11.6 °Brix na 12.5 °Brix pri sorti Elstar, trdota plodov in vsebnost skupnih kislin se je nekoliko zmanjšala pri plodovih obeh sort. Uporaba proheksadion-Ca je značilno zmanjšala izražanje bolezenskih znamenj, to je pojavljanje izrazitih metlastih poganjkov. Predstavljeni so tudi nekateri vidiki ekonomike uporabe rastnega regulatorja. Nanos regulatorja proheksadion-Ca pri jablanah, okuženih z AP-fitoplazmo, značilno omili posledice bolezni in izboljša kakovost pridelka.
Keywords:jablana, Canidatus phytoplasma mali, pridelek, proheksadion-Ca
Year of publishing:2009
Source:Maribor
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:JSLE4KBS
Views:3502
Downloads:179
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Categories:FKBV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:INFLUENCE OF GROWTH REGULATOR PROHEXADION-Ca ON FORMATION OF APPLE YIELD (MALUS DOMESTICA BORKH.) IN TREES INFECTED WITH CANDIDATUS PHYTOPLASMA MALI
Abstract:The influence of the application of Prohexadion-Ca (Regalis) plant growth regulator on apple yield quantity and quality was studied in plantations of Idared and Elstar apples for the period of three years. Prohesadion-Ca (75 g/ha for Idared and 150 g/ha for Elstar) was applied twice each season. First it was applied when apple shoots reached length between 5 and 8 cm and once again three weeks later. We compared the Prohexadion-Ca effects on studied yield quantity and quality parameters of two cultivars and of healthy and AP (apple prolifaretion – Canidatus Phytoplasma mali) diseased apple trees. The research was focused on effects in AP diseased trees to found out if this growth regulator influences the AP pathogenesis and disease severity. The use of Prohexadion-Ca resulted in significantly increased quality and quantity of yield in both, healthy and diseased trees. The yield increase in AP diseased trees of Idared and Elstar reached 18% and 15% respectively. The comparison of Proheksadion-Ca non-treated and treated trees showed that the application of Prohexadion-Ca on diseased trees resulted also in the following effects: the percentage of first class fruits increased from 17% to 36% in case of Idared, and from 18% to 30% in Elstar trees; the average sugar content of fruits increased from 9.8 °Brix to 10.9 °Brix in Idared fruits and from 11.6 °Brix to 12.5 °Brix in Elstar fruits, while the hardness of fruits and total acid content of fruits were decreased slightly at both studied cultivars. The application of Prohexadion-Ca also significantly reduced the expression of AP disease symptoms and a significant reduction of formation of typical proliferated broom-shaped sprouts was observed. The economic aspects of the use of Prohexadin-Ca were also studied. It was found that the application of Proheksadion-Ca to AP diseased apple trees of studied cultivars can extenuate significantly the AP disease severity and improve the yield quality.
Keywords:apple, Candidatus phytoplasma mali, yiled, prohexadion-Ca


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