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Izpis gradiva

Naslov:RADIO-FREKVENČNA IDENTIFIKACIJA KOT INSTRUMENT OPTIMIZACIJE DOBAVNE VERIGE
Avtorji:Malačič, Mario (Avtor)
Logožar izredni profesor, Klavdij (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Novo okno
Datoteke:.pdf UNI_Malacic_Mario_2009.pdf (850,80 KB)
 
Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Vrsta gradiva:Diplomsko delo (m5)
Organizacija:EPF - Ekonomsko-poslovna fakulteta
Opis:V raziskovalnem delu smo predstavili edinstveno tehnologijo RFID (ang. Rario- Frequency Identification) in s pomočjo osnovnih strategij SCM (ang. Supply Chain Management) prikazali možne optimizacijske nastavke na nivoju celotne dobavne verige. RFID je splošen izraz, ki se uporablja za opis sistema, ki brezkontaktno, preko radijskih valov, transmitira identiteto objekta zapisano v obliki unikatne serijske številke. Koncept sistema RFID je zelo preprost. Sestavljata ga RFDI bralnik z anteno in RFID priponka (ang. TAG) z anteno, prenosni medij med čitalnikom in priponko pa so radijski valovi nizke moči. Omrežje EPC pomaga implementirati tehnologijo RFID v odprte sisteme in na ta način doseči integracijo celotne dobavne verige v enoten sistem. S pomočjo online povezave želimo na nivoju posameznega izdelka, označenega z RFID odzivniki, doseči tako imenovani »internet stvari«. Virtualni prostor, v katerem bodo imeli predmeti določeno umetno inteligenco, kar bo omogočalo komunikacijo med predmeti, predmeti in stroji, stroji in ljudmi ter predmeti in ljudmi. Področja uporabe RFID so praktično neomejena. Trenutno se RFID uporablja za označevanje in sledenje živali, prepoznavanje izdelkov v trgovinah, identificiranje ladijskih kontejnerjev, plačilo cestnine, spremljanje pošiljk v logistiki, pri izposoji knjig v knjižnicah, na parkiriščih in v garažah, za kodiranje ključev itn. Tehnologija RFID v primerjavi s črtno kodo omogoča hitrejše in natančnejše logistične procese, kar bo imelo za posledico, da RFID čez čas izpodrine uporabo črtne kode. Zelo pomembna tema pri tehnologiji RFID je standardizacija, kajti ta zagotavlja globalno povezljivost komponent sistemov RFID, ki bodo v skladu s svetovnimi regulacijami, kar je izrednega pomena pri uporabi v globalnih dobavnih verigah. V nadaljevanju smo predstavili šest osnovnih strategij SCM, ki lahko v sinergiji s tehnologijo RFID na nivoju celotne dobavne verige dosega optimizacijske potenciale. Tako smo celotno dobavno verigo razdelili na štiri sklope, kjer smo za vsak posamezni odsek preučili kake prednosti prinaša implementacija nove tehnologije. Z uvedbo nove tehnologije so povezani določeni riziki. Varstvo podatkov predstavlja poglavitnega, ki skuša obvarovati posameznega potrošnika pred zlorabo njegovih podatkov. Veliki trgovski giganti, kot so Metro, Wall Mart in Tesco uporabljajo RFID že nekaj let. Oni predstavljajo gonilno silo pri širjenju uporabe tehnologije in posredno pri zniževanju cen odzivnikov, strojne ter programske opreme. Tehnologija je trenutno predraga za majhna in srednje velika podjetja, ki pa bodo morala v prihodnosti začeti razmišljati o njeni implementaciji, kajti konkurenca z dneva v dan postaja močnejša.
Ključne besede:RFID, črtna koda, Efficient Consumer Response, Supply Chain Management, Cross Docking, Efficient Administration, Efficient Unit Loads, Vendor Managed Inventory, Computer Assisted Ordering, Efficient Replenishment.
Leto izida:2009
Izvor:Maribor
URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:B1JRCBYV
COBISS_ID:9959964 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:1704
Število prenosov:213
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Področja:EPF
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:RADIO- FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION AS THE INSTRUMENT OF THE SUPPLY CHAIN OPTIMIZATION
Opis:In the research part of my thesis, the unique RFID (Radio- Frequency Identification) technology was described. With the aid of basic SCM (Supply Chain Management) strategies, potential optimisation processes on the supply chain level were also demonstrated. RFID is a general term that is used for the description of this non-contact system, which utilises radio waves to transmit the identity of an object. The concept of RFID is rather simple. It consists of an RFID reader with an antenna as well as an RFID tag with an antenna, whereas the transmission medium between the reader and the tag are low-power radio waves. The EPC network helps implement the RFID technology in open systems and in this manner enable the integration of the entire supply chain into a unified system. With the aid of an online connection, we would like to achieve a so-called “internet of things” on the level of a single product fitted with RFID tags. This is a virtual space in which objects will possess a certain artificial intelligence, which in turn will enable the communication between objects, objects and machines, machines and people as well as objects and people. Fields of application for RFID systems are basically limitless. Currently, RFID is used for tagging and tracking animals, identifying ship containers, tracking parcels in logistics processes, borrowing books from public libraries, the recognition of products in shops, payment of road tolls, at parking places and garages, for the encryption of keys, etc. In comparison to barcode systems, RFID enables faster and more accurate logistics processes, which will result in the eventual replacement of barcodes with RFID solutions. A very crucial issue with RFID is its standardisation, as this would ensure the global connectivity of RFID components that are in line with international regulations, which in turn is of utmost importance in global supply chains. In the thesis we introduced six basic SCM strategies, which in synergy with RFID technology can achieve optimisation potentials on a supply chain level. This way, we divided the entire supply chain into four units. For each section we investigated what kinds of benefits the implementation of the new technology brings. Certain risks are also associated with the introduction of the new technology. The main concern is data security, the aim of which is to protect the consumer from data abuse.. Retail giants such as Metro, Wal Mart and Tesco have been using RFID for several years. They represent the driving force in promoting this technology and are subsequently reducing hardware and software costs. The technology is currently too expensive for small and medium-sized businesses, but they will nonetheless have to consider adopting it, as competition is getting tougher day by day.
Ključne besede:RFID, Barcode, Efficient Consumer Response, Supply Chain Management, Cross Docking, Efficient Administration, Efficient Unit Loads, Vendor Managed Inventory, Computer Assisted Ordering, Efficient Replenishment.


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