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1.
The impact of changing collaborative workplace parameters on assembly operation efficiency
Klemen Kovič, Aljaž Javernik, Robert Ojsteršek, Iztok Palčič, 2024, original scientific article

Abstract: Human–robot collaborative systems bring several benefits in using human and robot capabilities simultaneously. One of the critical questions is the impact of these systems on production process efficiency. The search for high-level efficiency is severely dependent on collaborative robot characteristics and motion parameters, and the ability of humans to adjust to changing circumstances. Therefore, our research analyzes the effect of the changing collaborative robot motion parameters, acoustic parameters and visual factors in a specific assembly operation, where efficiency is measured through operation times. To conduct our study, we designed a digital twin-based model and a laboratory environment experiment in the form of a collaborative workplace. The results show that changing the motion, acoustic and visual parameters of the collaborative workplace impact the assembly process efficiency significantly.
Keywords: collaborative robot, collaborative workplace, digital twin, assembly operation, efficiency
Published in DKUM: 26.02.2024; Views: 188; Downloads: 2
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2.
Drivers for enhancing job performance of prison officers in Slovenia : effects of job attitudes, organizational, and work-related factors
Katrin Podgorski, Branko Lobnikar, Anže Mihelič, Kaja Prislan Mihelič, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: Maintaining order and safety in a prison environment heavily depends on prison officers, who daily interact with prisoners and are constantly dealing with dangerous situations. Their task performance is vital for the organizational performance and the fulfillment of the prisons’ mission. For managing prison officers’ job performance efficiently, it is important to understand the associated factors; however, job performance in a prison environment remains completely unexplored in Slovenia. This article presents a study conducted among Slovenian prison officers (n = 201), which examined their task performance, its association with job attitudes, and the role of organizational and work-related factors. The study results showed that the prison officers’ task performance is associated with their job satisfaction, but not with their job involvement. Moreover, their job satisfaction is associated with perceived organizational justice, job stress, and the dangerousness of the job. Based on these findings, we demonstrated that task performance depends on several direct and indirect factors that prison management should prioritize, the key ones being stress reduction, strengthening the feeling of organizational justice, and the ability to deal with the job-related dangers successfully. This article highlights organizational and work-related factors important for improving the prison officers’ well-being at work.
Keywords: job performance, task performance, workplace psychology, prisons, rison officers
Published in DKUM: 29.11.2023; Views: 248; Downloads: 19
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3.
User violence against employees at nursing homes
Katarina Cesar, Liljana Rihter, Špela Selak, Branko Gabrovec, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: Earlier research has indicated the high exposure of those working in assisting occupations to workplace violence in Slovenia. The purpose of this study is to complement the research gap in investigating violence within social care and determine the types and extent of workplace violence among all employees in a social care institution, the influence of aggressive behaviour of users on the well-being of employees, and the need for education on dealing with the violence to which employees are being exposed. Design/Methods/Approach: Workplace violence was researched quantitatively using a descriptive method. We used a structured survey questionnaire, which was adapted using an existing questionnaire to research the occurrence of violent acts from users against employees at nursing homes and other social care institutions. Findings: The nursing home Dom ob Savinji Celje faces user violence against its employees. The most frequent form of violence against employees is verbal abuse (37.7% of respondents) and the least frequent is unwanted conduct of a sexual nature (5.2% of respondents). Workers employed in healthcare face user violence more often than employees in other fields. Employees most often face a certain form of user violence 1-2 times per year. When an employee meets an aggressive user, the most common emotions are fear, helplessness, uncertainty, feeling under threat, and least often a lack of understanding from fellow employees. Originality/Value: This study focuses on studying workplace violence within a social care institution and complements extant, yet inadequate scientific findings.
Keywords: nursing homes, workplace violence, healthcare, social care, social care institutions
Published in DKUM: 18.05.2020; Views: 1007; Downloads: 49
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4.
How to reduce discrimination in the workplace : the case of Austria and Taiwan (R.O.C.)
Vito Bobek, Anita Maček, Sarah Anna Bradler, Tatjana Horvat, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: To intervene against discriminatory in the workplace is tremendously important because discriminatory practices have an enormous economic impact, along with a severe impact on psychological health, which can result in illnesses such as depression and burnout. Such intervention requires a multidimensional approach, including the whole organization and a systematic procedure. The aim of this paper is to offer suggestions on how to reduce discrimination in the workplace in Austria and Taiwan. To reach this aim, a qualitative study was conducted. It showed that education, active positioning of companies, leadership and diligent selection of employees, discussion and analysis, psychological support, governmental policies, and aspects of language and talking gender-wise are the most important steps to decrease or eliminate discrimination in the workplace.
Keywords: discrimination, business practices, leadership, workplace
Published in DKUM: 10.10.2018; Views: 1660; Downloads: 206
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5.
Mobbing in company : levels and typology
Beno Arnejčič, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Background and purpose: The individual is exposed to ever more covert psychological violence or mobbing in workplace within companies. The aim of this study is to analyse the level and the types of psychological violence within a company in which the individual works in their daily lives. Design/Methodology/Approach: Using systematic method current mobbing literature reviews were analysed. Based on a review and analysis of the literature, we recognised increasing amounts of workplace bullying. Then we used and extended Dilts’ model and created a model in which we portrayed the different levels and types of bullying in a company. The presented model is a tool for identifying workplace violence within the company. Results: At the company environment level, there is much bullying associated with social-demographic characteristics and working conditions. At the level of individual behaviour, the type of mobbing exists that is associated with the company’s leadership styles. At the level of professional qualifications, a lack of confidence causes mobbing. At the level of values and beliefs, mobbing is present in attitudes and behavioural intentions. At the level of identity, we can observe mobbing according to sexual identity. At the level of organizational culture, we can recognize a type of mobbing called ‘obsessive dedication’ to working efficiency and organizational silence. Conclusion: Based on the analysis of selected literature we exposed a range of types and levels of mobbing in company. The expanded Model on levels of mobbing in companies provides a framework for collecting information. The user can identify workplace violence and each strategic organizational level in the work organization.
Keywords: bullying, mobbing typology within the company, levels of mobbing in the workplace
Published in DKUM: 04.12.2017; Views: 1494; Downloads: 237
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6.
Attitudes toward workplace mobbing in Slovenian research organisations
Brigita Krsnik Horvat, Milan Pagon, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: Creating a "mobbing-safe" working environment can be a real challenge; to achieve it, a better understanding of related constructs is necessary. To obtain insight into researchers' attitudes toward workplace mobbing and behavioural intentions, we used a case scenario method. The results show that respondents, on average, consider the mobbing cases presented in a questionnaire to be very serious. Their attitudes and behavioural intentions depend more on their opinion about colleagues' attitudes and related intentions and less on their own, which shows a lower integrity than desired. Low willingness to report the violator, lenient discipline sanctions and the absence of proper organisational rules create favourable conditions for workplace mobbing in Slovenian public research organisations. This paper also proposes measures based on the research findings of various authors and identifies new questions that could be addressed in further research.
Keywords: workplace mobbing, organisational culture, integrity, public research organisation, researcher
Published in DKUM: 28.11.2017; Views: 2093; Downloads: 413
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7.
Obesity discrimination in the workplace: “You’re hired!”
Stuart Flint, Sonia Codreanu, Amalia Gomoiu, Martin Čadek, Vanja Ivić, Colene Zomer, Peter Walton, 2015, other component parts

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to first identify whether obese people are discriminated against when hiring employees. Employees of workforces that vary due to the physical demand of their job, will rate hypo- thetical applicants on their suitability for employment using Likert-type responses to a range of ques- tions. Applicants’ curriculum vitae will be manipulated by weight status and gender. Implicit and explicit attitudes towards obese people will also be examined using existing measures with strong psychometric properties as reported in extant research. Second, using focus group discussions with employees of either sedentary or physically active workforces, this study will explore why and in what ways obese people are discriminated against in the workplace.
Keywords: obesity, discrimination, workplace, implicit, explicit
Published in DKUM: 09.08.2017; Views: 1234; Downloads: 414
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8.
Obesity discrimination in the recruitment process: "You're not hired!"
Stuart Flint, Martin Čadek, Sonia Codreanu, Vanja Ivić, Colene Zomer, Amalia Gomoiu, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Previous literature reports that obese persons are discriminated in the workplace. Evidence suggests that obese people are perceived as having less leadership potential, and in comparison to normal weight peers, are expected to be less successful. This study examined whether obese people are discriminated against when applying for employment. Three hypotheses were offered in line with previous research: (1) obese people are less likely to be assessed positively on personnel suitability than normal weight people; (2) obese people in active employment are more likely to be discriminated against than people in non-active employment; and (3) obese women are more likely to be discriminated against than obese men. 181 Participants were sampled from sedentary, standing, manual and heavy manual occupations. Participants rated hypothetical candidates on their suitability for employment. Employees also completed measures of implicit and explicit attitudes toward obesity. MANOVA was conducted to examine if obese candidates were discriminated against during the recruitment procedure. Results demonstrated that participants rated obese candidates as less suitable compared with normal weight candidates and when the weight status of the candidate was not revealed for work across the four workplace groups. Participant gender and weight status also impacted perceptions of candidates’ suitability for work and discrimination toward obese candidates was higher in participants from more physically demanding occupations. The study findings contribute to evidence that obese people are discriminated against in the hiring process and support calls for policy development.
Keywords: psychology, obesity, discrimination, workplace, implicit, explicit
Published in DKUM: 10.07.2017; Views: 1382; Downloads: 456
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9.
Mobbing in Slovenia : prevalence, mobbing victim characteristics, and the connection with post-traumatic stress disorder
Damijan Mumel, Sanja Jan, Sonja Treven, Domen Malc, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: An increasing number of organizations face the problem of mobbing, which represents a serious, widespread problem with numerous consequences for victims, organizations, and society. We also recognize the connection this phenomenon has with the emergence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD poses one of the most critical consequences for victims of mobbing, who mostly consist of employees at lower organizational levels. Our research focuses on the prevalence of mobbing in Slovenia, its correlation to PTSD, and some differences in the subjective and objective assessments of being exposed to mobbing. We found that the prevalence of mobbing in Slovenia can be compared to some previous assessments as well as data from other countries. Among the study´s participants, 24% could be classified as regular victims of mobbing. For the first time, we link mobbing with PTSD using a Slovenian sample. We also recorded some interesting differences between subjective and objective assessments of mobbing, thereby indicating the importance of subjective conceptualizations of mobbing acts, which should be investigated in greater detail in future research.
Keywords: mobbing, post-traumatic stress disorder, prevalence, subjective and objective assessment, workplace health
Published in DKUM: 03.04.2017; Views: 1539; Downloads: 184
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10.
Food at work : a case study of Slovenia
Eva Jereb, Marko Ferjan, 2007, original scientific article

Keywords: food, workplace, health, discussions during breaks, social classes, Slovenia
Published in DKUM: 10.07.2015; Views: 1274; Downloads: 45
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