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Negative cognitive–affective involvement as a mechanism linking job demands to occupational well-being : the moderating role of maladaptive thinking patterns
Andrea Noja, Sara Tement, Bettina Kubicek, 2024, original scientific article

Abstract: Negative cognitions and emotions about work during off-job time (e.g., worry about work tasks) can hinder the necessary recovery from work and lead to impaired occupational well-being. To better understand when this negative cognitive–affective involvement arises, we considered simultaneous and interactive effects of external and individual factors. Specifically, we investigated whether job demands (i.e., time pressure, cognitive demands, emotional demands) and maladaptive thinking patterns are independently and jointly related to negative cognitive–affective involvement and whether this is in turn associated with impaired occupational well-being (i.e., emotional exhaustion, cynicism). Using a diary study, we collected daily data from 109 employees twice a day over two working weeks (N = 667 day-level observations). Multilevel analyses showed that negative cognitive–affective involvement mediates the relationship between job demands (i.e., cognitive demands, emotional demands) and the two occupational well-being indicators. The relationship between cognitive and emotional demands, respectively, and negative cognitive–affective involvement is moderated by work-related maladaptive thinking patterns, with stronger relationships for employees reporting more frequent maladaptive thinking patterns. Moreover, work-related maladaptive thinking patterns moderate the indirect effects of job demands on occupational well-being via negative cognitive–affective involvement. Overall, we expanded the research on negative cognitive–affective involvement by providing a more comprehensive picture of its antecedents and outcomes.
Keywords: negative cognitive-affective involvment, maladaptive thinking patterns, job demands, work-related well-being, diary studies
Published in DKUM: 20.05.2024; Views: 24; Downloads: 4
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Advancements in data analysis for the work-sampling method
Borut Buchmeister, Nataša Vujica-Herzog, 2024, original scientific article

Abstract: The work-sampling method makes it possible to gain valuable insights into what is happening in production systems. Work sampling is a process used to estimate the proportion of shift time that workers (or machines) spend on different activities (within productive work or losses). It is estimated based on enough random observations of activities over a selected period. When workplace operations do not have short cycle times or high repetition rates, the use of such a statistical technique is necessary because the labor sampling data can provide information that can be used to set standards. The work-sampling procedure is well standardized, but additional contributions are possible when evaluating the observations. In this paper, we present our contribution to improving the decision-making process based on work-sampling data. We introduce a correlation comparison of the measured hourly shares of all activities in pairs to check whether there are mutual connections or to uncover hidden connections between activities. The results allow for easier decision-making (conclusions) regarding the influence of the selected activities on the triggering of the others. With the additional calculation method, we can uncover behavioral patterns that would have been overlooked with the basic method. This leads to improved efficiency and productivity of the production system.
Keywords: work sampling, observations, analysis, proportions, correlations, interdependence between activities
Published in DKUM: 09.05.2024; Views: 73; Downloads: 5
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Don't leave your heart at work : profiles of work-life interference and cardiometabolic risk
Katja Kerman, Sara Tement, Christian Korunka, 2021, original scientific article

Abstract: The present study adopts an exploratory, person-oriented approach to investigate possible patterns of work-life interference. We examine work–life interference from a cognitive (i.e., thinking about work), behavioral (i.e., engaging in work-related behavior), and performance perspective (i.e., reduced functionality in private life, or work–life conflict) in order to identify profiles of employees that could potentially remain uncovered with variable-oriented research. Furthermore, as work–life interference relates to well-being and health, we were interested in exploring possible differences between profiles in emotional exhaustion, cardiometabolic risk, and health-related behavior. Self-report data on work–life interference and well-being, as well as objective health data, were collected from a heterogeneous sample of 289 employees. Four profiles with different patterns of work–life interference were identified. Out of the four profiles, two profiles reported moderate and high work–life interference (the Moderate Interference and High Interference profiles). The other two profiles revealed distinct combinations of moderate and low performance and behavioral interference (the Low Performance Interference and Low Behavioral Interference profiles). The High Interference and Low Behavioral Interference profiles were identified as risk groups in terms of cardiometabolic health, while the Low Performance Interference and Moderate Interference profiles showed low to no risk. Regarding work-related well-being, the High Interference profile showed the highest risk of emotional exhaustion.
Keywords: work-life interference, person-oriented approach, latent profile analysis, well-being, cardiometabolic risk
Published in DKUM: 12.04.2024; Views: 125; Downloads: 2
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Artificial intelligence and agility-based model for successful project implementation and company competitiveness
Polona Tominc, Dijana Oreški, Maja Rožman, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: The purpose of the paper is to present a model of factors affecting the successful project implementation by introducing agility and artificial intelligence to increase the company’s competitiveness. In the model, the multidimensional constructs describing the implementation of an agile work environment and artificial intelligence technologies and tools were developed. These multidimensional constructs are agile work environment, agile leadership, agile team skills and capabilities, improving the work of the leader in the project, adopting AI technologies in the project, and using AI solutions in a project. Their impact on successful project implementation and on the company competitiveness was tested. The fundamental reason for conducting this research and developing the model is to enhance the understanding of factors that contribute to the successful implementation of projects and to increase a company’s competitiveness. Our developed model encompasses multidimensional constructs that describe the agile work environment and the utilization of AI technologies. By examining the impact of these constructs on both successful project implementation and company competitiveness, we aimed to establish a comprehensive framework that captures the relationship between agility, AI, and successful project implementation. This model serves as a valuable tool for companies seeking to improve their project implementation processes and gain a competitive edge in the market. The research was based on a sample of 473 managers/owners in medium-sized and large companies. Structural equation modeling was used to test the hypotheses. In today’s turbulent environment, the results will help develop guidelines for a successful combination of agile business practices and artificial intelligence to achieve successful project implementation, increasing a company’s competitiveness.
Keywords: artificial intelligence, agile work environment, company competitiveness, project management
Published in DKUM: 26.03.2024; Views: 179; Downloads: 162
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How do job-related constructs determine employee turnover? : Serbian hotels example
Marija Cimbaljević, Milena Nedeljković Knežević, Dunja Demirović Bajrami, Milosav Dunjić, Hamid El Bilali, Milica Rančić Demir, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: In the hospitality industry, employee turnover is extremely high. It is often caused by minimal growth opportunities, intensive work, lack of flexibility, limited opportunities for promotion, lack of recognition, etc. Investment in human resources, strategies that maintain an adequate workforce and improve employee engagement is quite justified cost with multiple returns. The specific issue is that hospitality leaders often do not know the relationships between employee satisfaction, employee motivation and employee engagement, which may be the basis for understanding their intention to leave the job. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the three job-related constructs: motivation, job satisfaction, and work engagement, as well as to examine their impact on employee turnover. The results confirmed a positive relationship between job satisfaction and motivation, satisfaction and work engagement, as well as the relationship between motivation and engagement. On the other side, the results showed that job satisfaction, dedication, and vigor negatively predict employee turnover. The findings may provide hotel managers with a foundation to understand this issue and assume where to direct their research and how to improve job conditions.
Keywords: job satisfaction, motivation, work engagement, employee turnover, hotel employees, Serbia
Published in DKUM: 26.01.2024; Views: 212; Downloads: 2
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The Importance of Monitoring the Work-Life Quality during the COVID-19 Restrictions for Sustainable Management in Nursing
Mateja Lorber, Mojca Dobnik, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the work-life quality and related workplace factors of nursing employees working in hospitals during the COVID-19 restrictions. Employees in nursing carry out nursing care at various levels of healthcare. Work-life quality refers to an individual’s feelings concerning work and outcomes and depends on different working characteristics and conditions. Quantitative research based on a cross-sectional study was used. This cross-sectional study included 486 employees in nursing from four Slovenian acute care hospitals. The results showed that most employees in nursing assessed the work-life quality on a moderate level: 76% were satisfied with their work, and 89% assessed their well-being at the workplace as positive. Considering the leaders’ support, the number of patients, adequate information, teamwork, working position, use of days off, and equipment for safe work, we can explain the 53.5% of the total variability of work-life quality. We also found that work-life quality had an essential effect on well-being at the workplace (β = 0.330, p < 0.001) and work satisfaction (β = 0.490, p < 0.001) of employees in nursing. Work-life quality refers to an employees’ feelings about their workplace, and its monitoring is important for higher employees’ well-being and health. For management and policymakers in nursing, it is important to design strategies to ensure an adequate number of competent employees and establish a supportive leadership system. Work-life quality is an important factor in the recruitment and retention of the nursing workforce. Flexible working conditions and policy changes can improve work-life quality and balance. Nursing management must understand the influencing factors of work-life quality to improve nursing employee retention strategies.
Keywords: hospital, work-life quality, nursing, well-being, COVID-19
Published in DKUM: 27.11.2023; Views: 371; Downloads: 17
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A conceptual model of developing an agile work environment
Katja Crnogaj, Polona Tominc, Maja Rožman, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: This study has highlighted the need for an agile work environment to enhance companies’ performance, growth, and sustainability. In today’s rapidly changing business world, the goal of every individual and team in a company should be to deliver value to customers. The paper highlights theoretical and empirical evidence on the importance of an agile work environment and its positive effect on company performance. In addition, the paper provides insights into the important concept of developing an agile work environment and offers a conceptual model with five selected constructs, which can be leveraged to build an agile mindset in companies. Moving away from traditional leadership models, this paper highlights the significant role that agile leadership can play in enhancing effectiveness and performance, even in long-established large companies. The empirical research was based on 468 randomly selected medium and large Slovenian companies. Structural equation modelling (SEM) was used to test the model. The empirical results show that changing and adaptive agile companies are the ones that thrive more easily in an environment that is unpredictable and characterized by rapid change.
Keywords: agility, agile work environment, company performance, conceptual model
Published in DKUM: 21.09.2023; Views: 328; Downloads: 29
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10.
MANAGEMENT IN THE TIME OF COVID-19 CRISIS
Tamara Trajković, 2023, master's thesis

Abstract: The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, swiftly evolved into a global crisis affecting numerous countries worldwide. This study examines the management response of companies to the unprecedented challenges posed by the pandemic. The aim is to assess the effectiveness and adequacy of management strategies and explore changes in the implementation of management activities within the basic functions of management in changing circumstances. The research begins with a comprehensive review of available literature to establish a theoretical foundation. Key concepts related to management, its roles, crisis situations, and risk management are examined. Eminent scientists' perspectives on crisis management, particularly in the context of the global COVID-19 pandemic, are analyzed to gain a deeper understanding of the topic. The research conducted involved a comprehensive analysis of responses provided by a diverse group of respondents, consisting of professionals from various industries. The key findings shed light on the changes in management, leadership, and business approaches adopted by companies during the pandemic.
Keywords: management, leadership, management work, crisis, COVID-19, digitalization, digital transformation.
Published in DKUM: 21.08.2023; Views: 263; Downloads: 33
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