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Pressurized Water Nuclear Reactor Downcomer Flow Simulation : diplomsko delo
Aljaž Kekec, 2021, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: In the diploma thesis the flow pattern and conditions in the downcomer of a pressurized water nuclear reactor were simulated, to study coolant mixing inside the primary circuit. This was done using computational dynamics software Ansys CFX. The nuclear reactor in Krško (Slovenia) was used as a basis for the model. The downcomer geometry was simplied for a more feasible study. Three separate simulations were done: one with normal conditions, one with loss of coolant accident conditions and one with a modified geometry. The flow was then studied at different condition at the same levels using velocity contours. The results showed that the axial velocity profiles at the downcomer outlet are not completely uniform.
Keywords: Nuclear Power Plant, Pressurized Water Reactor, Downcomer, Flow simulation, Ansys CFX
Published in DKUM: 13.10.2021; Views: 886; Downloads: 59
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Experimental research on variation of pore water pressure in constant rate of strain consolidation test
Hojjat Ahmadi, Hassan Rahimi, Abbas Soroush, Claes Alén, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: Constant rate of strain (CRS) consolidation is a rapid test method which is used for determination of compressibility of clayey soils. In a CRS test, the appropriate strain rate is selected based on pore water pressure ratio, i.e. the ratio of pore pressure to total stress. In the present study, to investigate the effect of strain rate on variation of pore water pressure ratio, four different clay samples of different plasticity were tested by CRS apparatus. The results of the experiments showed that the trend of variation of pore water pressure is dependent on the drained water flow regime which may be either Darcy or non-Darcy. The results also indicated that the plasticity of clay does not have considerable effect on variation of pore water pressure.
Keywords: constant rate of strain, consolidation, pore water pressure ratio, soil plasticity, Darcy and non-Darcy flow
Published in DKUM: 14.06.2018; Views: 962; Downloads: 82
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On new approach to rheological modeling of an electrostatic ash and water - quadratic law
Primož Ternik, 2002, published scientific conference contribution

Abstract: In the paper a new rheological model for an electrostatic ash and water mixture is proposed. The fundamental equation of the rheological model was used to determine the relationship between the shear stress and the shear rate as well as the equation of a velocity profile for the flow through a straight pipe. Experimental results obtained from a capillary viscometer were used as the basis to determine the parameters for the proposed model by the non-linear regression analysis. With the Quadratic law a numerical analysis of a mixture flow through a capillary pipe with the finite volume method was performed. The derived equations for the velocity profile, shear stress and shear rate were validated through a comparison of numerically obtained and theoretical results. Finally, the compariosn between the Quadratic and the Power law is presented.
Keywords: fluid mechanics, non-Newtonian fluids, mixture of electrofilter ash and water, flow in pipes, capillary pipes, rheological model, velocity profile, shear stress, finite volume method, numerical analysis, quadratic law, power law, mehanika fluidov
Published in DKUM: 01.06.2012; Views: 2313; Downloads: 45
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Tungsten - tungsten trioxide electrodes for the long-term monitoring of corrosion processes in highly alkaline media and concrete-based materials
Mitja Kolar, Aleš Doliška, Franc Švegl, Kurt Kalcher, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: The determination of pH in highly alkaline solutions and concrete materials is extremely important for monitoring or predicting the corrosion processes of reinforced concrete structures and to follow the hydration process of Portland cement, fly-ash, micro silica and other materials used in concrete manufacturing. The corrosion of reinforced concrete structures and the hydration of pozzolanic materials are long-term processes, which means, that appropriate durable, and resilient pH electrodes are needed, for direct implantation regarding solid concrete bodies. The purpose of this work was to characterise the potentiometric and surface properties of tungsten electrodes after exposure to extreme alkaline solutions. The tungsten wire surface was activated at 800 °C for 30 min within an oxygen flow. The formation of homogenous and compact multiple layers of $WO_3$ crystals was observed using X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. X-ray diffraction of thosetungsten electrodes exposed to saturated calcium hydroxide solution or the pore-water of cement-based materials during 10 months, indicated partly dissolved $WO_3$. Two new compounds appeared on the electrodes surfaces; pure tungsten and $CaWO_4$. The presence of tungsten was affecting any potentiometric response in acidic pH region (2-5) but in pH 5-12 region the response still remained linear with a slope of 42 2 mV/pH unit. The $W/WO_3$ electrode was suitable for the long-term monitoring of corrosion processes in concrete-basedmaterials according to the pH changes as it has stable and repeatable responses to alkaline solutions (pH > 12). All the tested interferring ions had no significant influence on electrode potential. The $W/WO_3$ electrode is simple, robust, inexpensive, and temperature resistant and can be applied in potentiometric titrations as well as in batch and flow-injection analysis. The prepared electrode is a highly promising pH sensor for the monitoring of pH changes in highly alkaline capillary water of concrete.
Keywords: potentiometry, pH, tungsten - tungsten trioxide, pore water, concrete, flow-injection analysis
Published in DKUM: 31.05.2012; Views: 2455; Downloads: 103
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Influence of water scale on thermal flow losses of domestic appliances
Danijela Urbancl, Darko Goričanec, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: Research results of how the precipitated water scale on heaters of small domestic appliances influences the consumption of electricity are presented. It shows that the majority of water scale samples are composed of aragonite, calcite and dolomite and that those components have an extraordinary low thermal conductivity. Also, the results show that at 2 mm thick deposit, depending on the chemical composition of water scale, the thermal flow is reduced for 10% to 40%; consequently, the consumption of electricity significantly increases.
Keywords: electricity, heat transfer, heat flow, heat exchanger, water scale
Published in DKUM: 31.05.2012; Views: 2230; Downloads: 66
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