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An analysis of the responsibility for zero waste
Ivana Tršelič, Daniel Rolph Schneider, Niko Samec, Filip Kokalj, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: European Union Directive 2008/98/EC sets the priority hierarchy of the prevention of waste, re-using waste, recycling waste, waste recovery, and waste disposal. Although every one of us is in daily contact with waste, we do not have the knowledge that can lead us to the sound management of waste from the beginning, before products are identified as waste. Zero waste is a fundamental concept of the sustainable community of the future. It is a phrase frequently used by politicians seeking to upgrade the municipal solid waste management systems in their communities. In this manner, the responsibility of zero waste is given to the waste management process instead of to householders. Householders then equate waste prevention with recycling and the proper waste management of the collectors, public services, or waste management company. In reality, zero waste starts with each one of us at home. Households should aim to reduce consumption and undertake repairs to extend the life span of products. Behaviour change can only start with knowledge. In reality, waste prevention does not include recycling. Recycling leads to a combined reduction of waste brought to landfill and raw material extraction. The present paper evaluates household waste to clarify the facts. It analyses the composition of three streams: municipal solid waste, separately collected packaging waste, and bulky waste in different regions of Slovenia. The research defines waste into five different categories. The first category is waste that can and should be avoided. The second category is waste that can be re-used. Further on, the research expands by researching the market of the third category that defines recyclables, which waste can be recycled; the last two categories are the waste that we are fighting with at the end of the waste management process, either to make it to the waste-to-energy process or to comply with landfill restrictions. At the end of the research, we summarize the situation of household waste in 2018. Our goal is to reduce the quantity of waste, making only waste that can be recycled. If we consider waste prevention to be a fight against waste, we can put our plan in place by taking the first step: getting to know our enemy.
Ključne besede: municipal solid waste, zero waste, recycling, lightweight packaging waste, waste management, material recovery
Objavljeno v DKUM: 05.12.2023; Ogledov: 276; Prenosov: 7
.pdf Celotno besedilo (463,42 KB)
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Analysis of combustible fractions in mixed municipal waste and packaging and calculation of energy value
Ivana Tršelič, Simon Jerina, Sebastijan Seme, Janja Stergar, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The present article analyses combustible fractions in mixed municipal waste and packaging and the calculation of energy value. Methods of thermal treatment of waste and methods of preparation of alternative fuels and classifications are presented and described. The article describes the method of analysis of caloric values with which we determined the energy values of individual fractions. For the research, we also used two thermal analyses, with which we considered individual fractions, thermogravimetric analysis, and differential dynamic calorimetry. The article presents the results of both thermal analyses, with which we observe the responses of individual types of plastics at different temperatures and the change in physical and chemical properties. The problem we have analysed in this article is mainly recyclable plastic that can no longer be reused due to various factors. The results of the structural analysis of household waste collection are also presented and described; on the basis of the analysis, the energy value of the container of mixed municipal waste and the reasonableness of waste reuse are recalculated.
Ključne besede: mixed municipal waste, mixed municipal packaging, combustible fractions, energy value, solid recovered fuel, TGA analysis
Objavljeno v DKUM: 04.12.2023; Ogledov: 180; Prenosov: 6
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,26 MB)
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Proceedings XI. international conference on logistics in agriculture 2017 : 9 November 2017, Novo mesto, Slovenia
2017, zbornik recenziranih znanstvenih prispevkov na domači konferenci

Opis: 11th International Conference of Logistics in Agriculture is a traditional conference in the field of logistics, which is very important in agriculture. The conference is organized by the Municipality of Sevnica, Grm Novo mesto – Centre of Biotechnics and Tourism, University of Maribor, Faculty of Logistics and Landscape Governance College. This year the topic of the conference is Short supply chain in Logistics in Agriculture. Our conference proceedings have several papers on different topics which are especially dealing with the distribution of locally produced food. This is one of the most important things for improving the tourism in the region. A part of this year’s conference is also a Round table on Challenges of plastics in agriculture.
Ključne besede: agriculture, logistics, locally produced food, waste, packaging
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.11.2017; Ogledov: 2279; Prenosov: 410
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,24 MB)
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