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On the decay, preservation and restoration of imported Portugese Christian missionary vocabulary in the Kyushu district of Japan since the 16th century
Shunsuke Ogawa, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The aim of this paper is to elucidate the history of the decay, preservation and restoration of imported Portuguese Christian missionary vocabulary in the Kyushu district of Japan since the 16th century. In conclusion, the following can be pointed out: 1) almost all words have generally decayed. 2) parts of the words are used as general nouns with discriminatory meaning. 3) Some people still try to preserve these words against the guidance of Catholic priests. 4) Recently, parts of the words have started to be used as the names of some alcoholic drinks and sweets. Thus, in this district, the number of people who use these words has been increasing again. This is the restoration of imported Portuguese Christian missionary vocabulary.
Ključne besede: Japanese, historical influences, Christian vocabulary, dialectology, geolinguistics, Kyushu
Objavljeno v DKUM: 05.02.2018; Ogledov: 841; Prenosov: 146
.pdf Celotno besedilo (405,74 KB)
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Developing academic vocabulary with AWL gapmaker and corpus data
Agata Križan, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: There is a growing need for the development of at least some academic vocabulary in students of EFL (studying English for teaching and non-teaching purposes), if one of the main aims of EFL study is to produce competent users of English. Students are expected to read and understand advanced professional texts, not simply to successfully complete their degrees but to become a part of educated society, and to be able to meet the demands placed upon their knowledge in a prefessional environment. The reading and understanding of professional texts can be a highly demanding activity because of the number of academic and professional terms such texts include. This paper exemplifies the usefulness of a gap-fill exercise, as one among a range of options for developing and testing academic vocabulary in a professional context. The exercise was compiled with AWL gapmaker based on a professional review text, which includes academic items of vocabulary. The gap-fill exercise was used with two groups of EFL students in the same year of study and installed at two difficulty levels for two reasons: to test students' existing knowledge of academic vocabulary, and to enrich it through the analysis of words in context/co-text relation using a concordancing program. The paper compares the answers of both groups to determine the most problematic entries (incorrect answers), and to provide the possible reasons for them. Further, contextual clues are taken into consideration as a helpful source for determining correct entries, and tested with the concordancing program. Besides the emphasis on the usefulness of such gap-fill exercises combined with corpus for the development and enrichment of academic vocabulary, the paper also emphasizes the importance of guiding students in how to search for different grammatical and other contextual clues to make correct inferences, and how to use concordances to support or reject the claims.
Ključne besede: English, foreign languages, scientific language, scientific vocabulary, academic vocabulary, corpus linguistics, academic teaching, didactics
Objavljeno v DKUM: 18.05.2017; Ogledov: 1841; Prenosov: 331
.pdf Celotno besedilo (788,40 KB)
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Recent English loanwords in Slovene
Nada Šabec, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper discusses Slovene-English language contact in general and English loanwords in Slovene in particular. The focus is on recent loanwords, where a great deal of variability in their pronunciation and spelling can be observed depending on the time of their borrowing, the channel of transmission (oral or written) and the degree of their linguistic and social integration into Slovene. Sociolinguistic variables such as the age and education of the users play a role as well, as do the differences between the phonological and orthographic systems of the two languages. In addition to phonological, morphological and orthographic aspects of English loanwords, their meaning and its occasional adaptations and modifications will be addressed. Data for illustration purposes will be taken primarily from the media, especially electronic ones (blogs, forums), since this is the field in which various forms of loanwords feature most frequently.
Ključne besede: loanwords, English, Slovene, vocabulary, language contact, language development, Slovene-English language contact, integration
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.05.2017; Ogledov: 1752; Prenosov: 467
.pdf Celotno besedilo (227,40 KB)
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Comparison of the Methods Used for Expanding Vocabulary in ELT Textbooks
Sandra Ažman, 2016, magistrsko delo

Opis: The aim of this master’s thesis was to research the emphasis that is given on assimilating new vocabulary in the chosen textbooks, which were approved by the Ministry of Education, Science and Sport and are currently being used to teach/learn English as a foreign language in the ninth grade of primary schools. In the theoretical part the focus has been given on different methods for learning or teaching new vocabulary, the appropriate amount of new vocabulary regarding the level of students’ language competences, the effect of methodology on vocabulary learning and communication, the role of repeating and refreshing of new vocabulary and the role of a textbook in foreign language learning. The empirical part of the thesis includes two separate analyses of the questionnaire conducted among ninth grade students and teachers of English as a foreign language in the ninth grade of primary school. 48 students and 73 teachers participated in the research. With the help of these analyses we tried to establish whether the texts in the chosen textbooks are authentic enough to enhance automatic learning of vocabulary, whether the method for expanding vocabulary, which was named as the most successful in the theory, is also used in the textbooks that were analyzed and whether the textbooks include sufficient exercises to assimilate and refresh new vocabulary. The research showed that the texts in the coursebooks are at least nearly authentic pieces of language according to students and teachers of English as a foreign language. However, slight adaptations of the texts are possible and also approved by the researches. One of the most successful methods for expanding vocabulary is, according to literature, reading. The analysis has also proven it in practice, since teachers named it as the most successful one. The results of the analysis showed that the textbooks include sufficient exercises to assimilate and refresh new vocabulary.
Ključne besede: expanding vocabulary, methodology, reading, repeating, ELT textbooks, primary school, ninth grade
Objavljeno v DKUM: 06.02.2017; Ogledov: 1788; Prenosov: 91
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,38 MB)

Tjaša Pegan, 2016, diplomsko delo

Opis: The practical action research study in this diploma thesis, Meditation in the English Language Classroom, was performed as a mini-experiment which was initially set up to explore meditation and assess its potential and use in education. Regarding English as a foreign language, language learning combined visual and auditory information, and it was based on visual and verbal memory. One of the objectives in the theoretical part was to find a ‘universal formula’ which could help bring meditation closer to a classroom setting. Among available techniques, we chose mindfulness meditation for its simplicity. In addition to having this exercise included in the lesson, the participants received the element of visualisation, which is often found in meditation traditions. Guided visualisation or the so called guided mental imagery was presented as a vocabulary learning strategy in the form of multisensory interactive story including multiple intelligences and mindfulness aspects – the pupils had to pay attention to what the teacher was saying. They were supposed to self-generate the pictures in their minds to repeat new vocabulary items or simply listen to the story with their eyes closed. The main purpose of using mindfulness was to create a more harmonious classroom atmosphere and better concentration by helping the participants become more centred by directing their attention inwardly. The main purpose of using visualisation was to remember words by giving them a mental image. We presented lesson plans from the study performed by two volunteering teachers. In total, 8 classes with 114 pupils were included in this mini research. Results are not so clear-cut and promising, mainly due to limitations. Teachers need more training, better school organisation and curriculum for the practices to be seriously implemented in education.
Ključne besede: meditation, mindfulness, contemplative secular education, humanistic approach to English language teaching and learning, vocabulary learning strategies, visualisation/mental imagery
Objavljeno v DKUM: 21.10.2016; Ogledov: 2333; Prenosov: 217
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,94 MB)

Doroteja Hadner, 2016, diplomsko delo

Opis: The thesis presents a topic that is nowadays very current in the field of education, even though it takes places outside of school, and that is individualized learning a foreign language. More and more children need additional help with acquisition and understanding of a foreign language and for this reason, the purpose of this thesis was to present individualized learning, to explore different approaches and methods of language teaching, which have evolved over the years and have been the subject of research and opinions of various authors. For learners, certain elements presented a big obstacle in learning a foreign language, which is why the thesis also presents different techniques of learning vocabulary and grammar according to various authors, which are also compared with our personal experiences, gained from individualized learning. The empirical part was based on a research, where we compared English examination tests of two learners, who attended individualized learning through all four years of secondary school. In each year, we made an analysis of both tests individually, compared learners’ mistakes and progress, and gave solutions to improve learners’ knowledge and understanding of a foreign language. Furthermore, we compared our personal experiences based on individualized learning with experiences and suggestions of other authors in connection with the use of different methods and approaches, and with learning vocabulary and grammar. Through theory and research, where the descriptive and comparative research method was used, we discovered that individualized learning was and will remain a very useful and effective tool in learning a foreign language, which gave learners excellent results at school, enriched their experience with the foreign language and most importantly, it raised their self-confidence in using a foreign language.
Ključne besede: individualized learning, learners, approaches, methods, grammar, vocabulary
Objavljeno v DKUM: 02.09.2016; Ogledov: 1240; Prenosov: 105
.pdf Celotno besedilo (9,81 MB)

Pragmatic functions of Christian expressions in spoken discourse
Darinka Verdonik, Zdravko Kačič, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Different kinds of pragmatic expressions in spoken discourse, such as discourse markers, interjections, topic orientation markers, pragmatic deictics, general extenders, etc., have attracted the attention of researchers over recent decades. However, expressions that have their origins within religions have not as yet been studied from the pragmatic perspective, even though in everyday conversation they are used in non-religious contexts and content-free manners more often than within a religious context. The present study is based on the GOS Slovenian reference speech corpus, and covers the more common Christian expressions used in the corpus data, namely: bog "God", bože "God", marija "Mary", madona "Madonna", jezus "Jesus", hudič "Devil", vrag "Devil". The study attempts to highlight the contexts in which these expressions are used, as well as the pragmatic functions they perform.
Ključne besede: Slovene, religious expressions, Christian vocabulary, speech, discourse, attitude, corpus linguistics
Objavljeno v DKUM: 30.12.2015; Ogledov: 1515; Prenosov: 353
.pdf Celotno besedilo (140,73 KB)
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Vocabulary acquisition for future nursing staff : authenticity in the classroom
Kirsten Hempkin, Barbara Majcenovič Kline, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Research suggests that many ESL teachers either modify or supplement the set textbooks they use in class, or develop their own materials for classroom use. Indeed, in recent years, the internet in particular has opened up a rich and at times perhaps baffling array of resources for those ESL practitioners who wish to incorporate authentic materials into their teaching. While the benefits of authentic materials are well-documented, their use is, however, not entirely unproblematic, and as research into the field of material (authentic or otherwise) development grows, this raises a number of issues as to the form these materials should take and how they can best be employed. This article presents a set of vocabulary building activities for future nursing staff; these activities are in use at the Faculty of Health Sciences in Maribor. The article explains the rationale behind them in light of the theoretical framework of language acquisition that underpins them.
Ključne besede: ESL teachers, vocabulary acquisition, authentic materials, trainee nurses, theoretical framework
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 1165; Prenosov: 93
.pdf Celotno besedilo (105,48 KB)
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Expanding vocabulary through translation : an eclectic approach
Melita Koletnik, 2012, strokovni članek

Opis: Owing mostly to the overwhelming tide of a communicative approach in foreign language teaching, translation was widely excluded from language classes for much of the 20th century. Nevertheless, translation never went away completely; it patiently waited for a time when the language teaching community would again discover synergies between translation and established approaches, thence reassess its lost potential. As is established herein, such potential is at its greatest and most effective in relation to vocabulary, where - based on an eclectic method which can be applied at all stages in specialised and general language teaching the author believes translation is both necessary and effective. This paper, building on the theoretical and methodological frameworks, together with the authors own classroom observations, reassesses the role of translation and proposes a set of activities which could be used by teachers of English for specific purposes and translator trainers alike. It concludes with a recommendation as to the universal applicability of translation, especially in the context of languages for specific purposes and translator training.
Ključne besede: translation, vocabulary, grammar-translation method, communicative approach, lexical approach
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 799; Prenosov: 136
.pdf Celotno besedilo (89,79 KB)
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Linguistic change and its forms
Marjana Protner, 2014, diplomsko delo

Opis: Language changes constantly. It has been changing for centuries and it will be changing in the future. Changes happen on all levels of a particular language: in spelling, in grammar, in meaning, and in pronunciation. Most of the language changes are changes which appear independent of the wills of the speakers of the language. When we study the language change we must not concentrate only on one particular geographical area where this language is spoken. We must try to research language as an entirety. The reason for this is that, although people speak the same language, some changes happen only in one special geographical area or only among one group of people.
Ključne besede: language, changes, vocabulary, development, linguistic varieties, who, whom
Objavljeno v DKUM: 02.10.2014; Ogledov: 1454; Prenosov: 135
.pdf Celotno besedilo (851,74 KB)

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