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Video surveillance system and its impact on crime : case study of Barcelona
Marina Aščić, 2014, magistrsko delo

Opis: Video surveillance system as an urban safety measure is nowadays a growing phenomenon in most European countries. Cameras seem to play an important role in crime prevention strategies at the local and national level. Arguments for setting up video surveillance on streets are more or less the same – to prevent, detect and deter crime. The purpose of this prevention strategy is clear but there is still one part that remains unanswered – what are the effects, if there are any? Studies showed that, in overall, there is little evidence of positive impacts of video surveillance system. In general, a significant crime drop, which could be attributed to video surveillance, has been shown in car-related crimes (e.g. pilot study of the City of Surrey in 2009). The latter should be comprehended with caution, because the authors report that the results are in strong correlation with the methods applied in the process of evaluation (e.g. study in the case of Malaga). Many studies have implemented the same (common) methodological approach, which seems to be inappropriate when it comes to evaluation of the efficiency of cameras – especially non vehicle-related crimes (e.g. personal crimes, vandalism, pickpocketing, etc.), which represent the target group for crime reduction in the City of Barcelona. Therefore, this paper will highlight the importance of assessing the efficiency of video surveillance systems. The main aim is to re-conceptualize a model used for measuring efficiency and application of results in case of video surveillance. The cornerstone of the model is based on thorough examination and transformation of indicators (e.g. physical layout, social environment, legal basis, tehnical input, control), which could influence potential crime decrease. Another objective is to clarify ambiguous concepts and aspects of system’s applications. As this is a case study, our main goal is to examine system opportunities and possibilities in Barcelona. The study is focused on legal basis, current research and practical implementations. With all this in mind this paper will attempt to create a research model for measuring the efficiency that could be applied to the city of Barcelona.
Ključne besede: video surveillance, public area, defensible space, effectiveness, research model
Objavljeno: 17.10.2014; Ogledov: 1132; Prenosov: 82
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,25 MB)

Public video surveillance
Milan Žarković, Zvonimir Ivanović, Ivan Žarković, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: This paper examines the status of and practical problems in the use of public video surveillance for police and criminal procedural purposes. Design/Methods/Approach: The approach in this research paper entailed a comparative legal analysis of the Serbian system with regard to public video surveillance and the use of recorded material as evidence in different procedures. Our research also examined reactions to the use of such material by various government agencies, such as the Ombudsman, the Commissioner for Information of Public Importance and Personal Data Protection, as well as the procedures and activities of the police department when dealing with criminal investigations. This paper examines this issue from the perspective of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights, and their implementation in Serbia. Findings: The results provide different perspectives on changes made in Serbian law. They also guided us in the interpretation of strategically important decisions and led us to construe methods and procedures for implementing different solutions and approaches in surveillance. Research Limitations / Implications: Although the findings of this paper are strictly connected with the Serbian legal system, their implications and proposed solutions are universal in their possible application. Originality/Value: While in Serbia there have already been studies covering public video surveillance, evolutionary changes in certain crucial laws have lagged behind. This paper critically deals with such strategic imperfections.
Ključne besede: public surveillance, public video surveillance, Serbia, law
Objavljeno: 16.05.2020; Ogledov: 108; Prenosov: 6
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