| | SLO | ENG | Piškotki in zasebnost

Večja pisava | Manjša pisava

Iskanje po katalogu digitalne knjižnice Pomoč

Iskalni niz: išči po
išči po
išči po
išči po
* po starem in bolonjskem študiju

Opcije:
  Ponastavi


1 - 6 / 6
Na začetekNa prejšnjo stran1Na naslednjo stranNa konec
1.
Behavioural comparison of drivers when driving a motorcycle or a car
Darja Topolšek, Dejan Dragan, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The goal of the study was to investigate if the drivers behave in the same way when they are driving a motorcycle or a car. For this purpose, the Motorcycle Rider Behaviour Questionnaire and Driver Behaviour Questionnaire were conducted among the same drivers population. Items of questionnaires were used to develop a structural equation model with two factors, one for the motorcyclist's behaviour, and the other for the car driver's behaviour. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were also applied in this study. Results revealed a certain difference in driving behaviour. The principal reason lies probably in mental consciousness that the risk-taking driving of a motorbike can result in much more catastrophic consequences than when driving a car. The drivers also pointed out this kind of thinking and the developed model has statistically confirmed the behavioural differences. The implications of these findings are also argued in relation to the validation of the appropriateness of the existing traffic regulations.
Ključne besede: driving behaviour, motorcycle rider behaviour, car driver behaviour, traffic accidents, structural equation modelling, violations, errors
Objavljeno: 01.06.2017; Ogledov: 247; Prenosov: 33
.pdf Celotno besedilo (381,58 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

2.
Identification of drivers in traffic accidents and determination of passenger position in a vehicle by finger marks
Matej Trapečar, Martin Lipičnik, Jože Balažic, 2012, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: The following paper aims to illustrate certain investigative activities in the forensic analysis and examination of the scene of traffic accidents. When a traffic accident occurs, the scene must be secured as soon as possible to enable professional and proper forensic investigation. Failure to secure the accident scene might result in losing or contaminating the traces, which makes it more difficult to prove or explain trace evidence in further procedure or even makes such evidence inadmissible. The topic is discussed from the viewpoint of crime scene examination, since analysing and investigating traffic accidents requires a great deal of expertise and attention of the investigators. Complex traffic accidents include feigned accidents, hit-and-run accidents as well as accidents in which the driver and passengers, dead or alive, need to be identified. In identifying the passengers, standard criminal investigation methods as well as police forensic and forensic medicine methods are followed. Such methods include confirming the identities with identity documents, other documents and vehicle ownership, fingerprints, biological traces, fibre traces, contact traces, traces of physical injuries on the driver and passengers, etc. According to the results obtained in fingerprint detection on human skin surfaces, this method can also be applied in confirming physical contact between the driver and the passengers in the accident, e.g. in the event of moving the victims and changing the scene of the accident.
Ključne besede: traffic accidents, accident analysis, driver's identity, passengers' position, finger marks, human skin
Objavljeno: 02.06.2017; Ogledov: 399; Prenosov: 83
.pdf Celotno besedilo (332,55 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

3.
Prevention of wrong-way driving on freeways
Darja Topolšek, 2007, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Traffic accidents that occur on freeways often end tragically because of high driving speed. Wrong-way driving is also one of the causes of accidents on freeways. Research is based on the analysis of traffic accident data caused by wrong-way driving on freeways and considering valid technical specifications for connections and junctions design elements. Research is based on the analysis of the data of traffic accidents that occurred because of wrong-way driving on freeways and on the consideration of valid technical specifications concerning connections and junction design elements. The thesis presents possible countermeasures for prevention of wrong-way driving and consequential decrease in the number of traffic accidents. The proposed prevention countermeasures of wrong-way driving on freeways could greatly reduce incorrect traffic vehicle movements that are the consequence of wrong-way driving and thus positively enhance the traffic safety level on freeways.
Ključne besede: wrong-way driving, freeway, multilevel connections, multilevel junctions, traffic safety, traffic accidents, countermeasures
Objavljeno: 05.06.2017; Ogledov: 238; Prenosov: 43
.pdf Celotno besedilo (4,30 MB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

4.
System dynamic model of measures for reducing the number of road accidents due to wrong-way movement on motorways
Darja Topolšek, Martin Lipičnik, 2009, kratki znanstveni prispevek

Opis: This paper provides a system dynamic model for reducing the number of motorway accidents due to wrong-way driving. Motorway accidents are often fatal due to high speeds. It is therefore necessary to carry out all the possible countermeasures in order to achieve adequate traffic management. One of the reasons for motorway accidents is driving in the wrong direction. Based on the analysis of the data on motorway accidents caused by driving in the wrong direction and based on the knowledge of individual project elements of junctions and slip roads, this paper will focus on this area. The possible countermeasures, presented here for preventing drivers from driving in the wrong direction on motorways drastically reduce the number of U-turn maneuvers that result in driving in the wrong direction and influence the level of safety on motorways. With the help of this model of system dynamics the countermeasures for reducing the number of such drivers will be confirmed and their effects will be shown.
Ključne besede: traffic safety, motorway, direction, road accidents, measures, system dynamics
Objavljeno: 06.06.2017; Ogledov: 239; Prenosov: 98
.pdf Celotno besedilo (135,13 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

5.
The impact of selected individual and external factors on the occurrence of severe injuries
Polona Tominc, Urban Šebjan, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the understanding of the importance of different determinants and their impact on the severity of injuries of individuals in road traffic accidents, so that measures that are supposed to prevent or reduce severe injury consequences can be developed. In this paper three research models have been built. Model I was built to study the impact of demographic factors (gender and age) on the individual’s likelihood to wear a seat-belt while Model II to study the impact of demographic factors (gender and age) and the impact of wearing a seat belt on the likelihood that fatal injuries of individuals in road traffic accidents occur. Model III was formed to study the impact of several environmental factors on the likelihood that the accident involves severe or fatal injuries of road traffic accident participants. Altogether our study revealed that middle-aged individuals (over 25 years and up to 65 years old) are less likely to wear a seatbelt and at the same time more likely to suffer fatal injuries in road traffic accidents. This is the result that implies that the targeted policy measures to the population between 25 and 65 years of age are needed to reduce the fatal injuries occurrence in Slovenia.
Ključne besede: road traffic accidents, seat belt, behavioural determinants, binomial logistic regression
Objavljeno: 06.06.2017; Ogledov: 301; Prenosov: 40
.pdf Celotno besedilo (274,67 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

6.
Road traffic safety in conjunction with in-vehicle ITS
Darja Topolšek, Suzana Hribar, Marjan Sternad, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Interest in Intelligent Transportation Systems comes from the problems caused by traffic congestion, road accidents and air pollution. Traffic congestion continues to grow worldwide as a result of increased motorization, population growth, changes in population density and urbanization. Interest in ITS can also be attributed to reducing road accidents and increasing traffic safety. The most common causes for road accidents are excessive speed, inattentive driving and ignorance of the right-of-way rules. To eliminate these causes, experience, knowledge of traffic regulations and a new car are not enough % vehicle safety systems have to take part as well. Therefore, the European Union issued a directive on the installation of intelligent systems, whose functions are active support during driving, warning the driver in dangerous situations and alerting passengers of the car in case of irregularities in motor function or actions carried out by the driver that may cause danger, such as swerving while falling asleep. These systems help drivers to avoid accidents, and in the event of a collision, an emergency call is automatically made. Furthermore, they can be used to regulate traffic patterns or to reduce engine performance, which would reduce pollution. With these benefits in mind, the EU has indicated to the automotive industry that installation of these new Intelligent Transportation Systems should be mandatory in their new vehicles.
Ključne besede: traffic, road traffic, road safety, road accidents, intelligent systems, directives, regulations
Objavljeno: 17.07.2017; Ogledov: 432; Prenosov: 50
.pdf Celotno besedilo (169,42 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

Iskanje izvedeno v 0.15 sek.
Na vrh
Logotipi partnerjev Univerza v Mariboru Univerza v Ljubljani Univerza na Primorskem Univerza v Novi Gorici