Determination of oxygen by means of a biogas and gas - interference study using an optical tris (4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline) ruthenium(II) dichloride complex sensorPolonca Brglez
, Andrej Holobar
, Aleksandra Pivec
, Nataša Belšak
, Mitja Kolar
, 2012, original scientific article
Abstract: Biogas is a mixture of gases produced by anaerobic fermentation where biomass or animal waste is decomposed and methane and carbon dioxide are mainly released. Biogas also has a very high moisture content (up to 80%), temperatures of around 60 °C, high pressure, and can contain other gases ($N_2$, $H_2S$, $NH_3$ and $H_2$). We searched for an appropriate measuring system for the determining of oxygen in biogas, since the production process of biogas must be run under anaerobic conditions; as the presence of oxygen decreases the quality of the biogas. Ruthenium (II) complexes are by far the most widely-used oxygen dyes within optical oxygen sensors. In general, they have efficient luminescences, relatively long-life metal-ligand charge-transfer excited states, fast response times, strong visible absorptions, large Stokes shifts, and high-photochemical stability. The purpose of this work was to characterise and optimize an optical oxygen sensor using tris (4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline) ruthenium(II) dichloride complex for measuring oxygen. Different sensor properties were additionally studied, focusing on the interference of external light, temperature, and various gases. A special gas-mixing chamber was developed for gas interference study, and online experiments are presented for oxygen determination within the pilot biogas reactor.
Keywords: tris(4, 7-diphenyl-1, 10-phenanthroline)ruthenium(II) dichloride complex, oxygen optical sensor, interferences, biogas
Published in DKUM: 01.06.2012; Views: 1922; Downloads: 101
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