PERCEPTION AND PRODUCTION IN EARLY FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING THROUGH SPOKEN AND WRITTEN WORDSuzana Miljević
, 2016, diplomsko delo
Opis: Implementation of early foreign language learning in the national curriculum for primary education has been a significant and a popular issue among the language researchers, all the professionals involved in the process of early education and parents. The modern theories and research propose early foreign language learning in primary schools as highly beneficial, crucial and necessary in a sense of spontaneous language acquisition through simple and non-demanding tasks, which are primarily based on auditory perception and physical response as production. In contrast to popular approaches in early foreign language teaching, based on the relation between the tasks’ difficulties and language acquisition, this thesis explores the connection and defines the importance of the attention span in relation to successful language acquisition, in comparison to the importance of the task difficulty. The research was carried out at the Primary School Ljubečna among the second and third grade students, who took part in the listening and reading comprehension examination, which was structured for attention observation and measurement purposes. Each group of the second and the third grade students took a listening and a reading comprehension test. The results and observations of the testing were shown to lead to accurate determinations of the attention influence on early language acquisition. This indicates that there is a possibility that the early reading and writing are not adverse to the process of early foreign language learning and foremost that difficulty of tasks is not in a directly proportional relation to perception and production, namely less demanding tasks are not necessarily completed more successfully than tasks that are more complex.
Ključne besede: KEY WORDS: early learning, early teaching, foreign language, language acquisition, perception, production, attention, attention span, difficulty of tasks, attention observation, attention measurement
Objavljeno: 08.09.2016; Ogledov: 617; Prenosov: 30
Celotno besedilo (1,92 MB)
Robust sex differences in jigsaw puzzle solvingVid Kocijan
, Marina Horvat
, Gregor Majdič
, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Sex differences are consistently reported in different visuospatial tasks with men usually performing better in mental rotation tests while women are better on tests for memory of object locations. In the present study, we investigated sex differences in solving jigsaw puzzles in children. In total 22 boys and 24 girls were tested using custom build tablet application representing a jigsaw puzzle consisting of 25 pieces and featuring three different pictures. Girls outperformed boys in solving jigsaw puzzles regardless of the picture. Girls were faster than boys in solving the puzzle, made less incorrect moves with the pieces of the puzzle, and spent less time moving the pieces around the tablet. It appears that the strategy of solving the jigsaw puzzle was the main factor affecting differences in success, as girls tend to solve the puzzle more systematically while boys performed more trial and error attempts, thus having more incorrect moves with the puzzle pieces. Results of this study suggest a very robust sex difference in solving the jigsaw puzzle with girls outperforming boys by a large margin.
Ključne besede: children, sex difference, visuo-spatial tasks, jigsaw puzzle
Objavljeno: 13.11.2017; Ogledov: 390; Prenosov: 86
Celotno besedilo (1,57 MB)
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Solution of the problem of critical path’s finding in Excel on the basis of reducing it to ordinary transportation taskMimo Drašković
, Ludmila Malyaretz
, Oleksandr Dorokhov
, 2016, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji
Opis: The problem of determining the critical path for the scheduling tasks has been considered. An original technique for practical calculations using the available Solver add-on in Excel has been described. The proposed approach is based on reducing the task to solving the ordinary transportation problem, in particular to the problem of finding the longest path. Examples of solutions with the test input data and corresponding screenshots are given. The practical steps of the user’s action in the process of direct solution in Excel are consistently described. The analysis of the results of the proposed method has been performed and presented. It is established that presented method for calculating the critical path requires minimal efforts from the users, regardless of the dimension of the tasks.
Ključne besede: task scheduling, transportation tasks, calculations, critical path, Excel, Solver, software tools
Objavljeno: 09.05.2018; Ogledov: 161; Prenosov: 38
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