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The complexity of porous structure of building materials
Marko Samec, 2011, dissertation

Abstract: This thesis seeks to establish the link between the structure (in a topological sense) of porous space and charged particle dynamics in porous matter, specifically in constituent elements of sustainable building materials such as clay, cement and soil. The work done is a combination of experimental research and modelling of analysed data using advanced and expanded network models to model pore structure and generalized conductivity model. The main outcome of this doctoral thesis is the demonstration that there is a correlation between the large scale structure of the pore space and the properties of the motion of charged particles through the pore space. This was achieved by conducting two experiments: the structure of pore space of selected porous materials (soil samples, clays, cements, clay-cement mixtures) was investigated using state-of-the-art X-ray computed microtomography, while the dynamics of charged particles in the samples was probed using low-frequency dielectric spectroscopy. The research done and described in the thesis is directed towards the advancement of understanding the transport phenomena and the structure of porous media which is of paramount importance for solving problems in building physics dealing with moist transport in building's envelope, the building-ground interaction, and in transport of contaminants in the vicinity of the repositories where the transfer of moist through soil can be the source of contamination.
Keywords: porous matter, clay-water system, hydrating cement, fractional dynamics, dielectric response, X-ray computed tomography, image analysis, complex network
Published: 11.05.2011; Views: 3499; Downloads: 150
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Progressive method for color selective edge detection
Peter Rulić, Iztok Kramberger, Zdravko Kačič, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: Edge detection plays an important role in image analysis systems. We present acolor selective edge detection technique, which consists of two image processing steps. The first step represents pixel-based color detection and the second progressive block-oriented edge detection. The combination of these two steps defines a selective edge detection technique, which enables fast and simple processing of those images captured using arbitrary cameras incomplex scenes with nonstandard illumination. The proposed method was implemented for the detecting of skin color objects and tested on real scene images.
Keywords: image analysis system, image processing, color detection, skin color
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 1060; Downloads: 74
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Designing automated warehouses by minimising investment cost using genetic algorithms
Tone Lerher, Iztok Potrč, Matjaž Šraml, 2010, published scientific conference contribution

Abstract: The successful performance of the automated storage and retrieval systems is dependent upon the appropriate design and optimization process. In the present work a comprehensive model of designing automated storage and retrieval system for the single- and multi-aisle systems is presented. Because of the required conditions that the automated storage and retrieval systems should be technically highly efficient and that it should be designed on reasonable expenses, the objective function represents minimum total cost. The objective function combines elements of layout, time-dependant part, the initial investment and the operational costs. Due to the non-linear, multi-variable and discrete shape of the objective function, the method of genetic algorithms has been used for the optimization process of decision variables. The presented model prove to be very useful and flexible tool for choosing a particular type of the single- or multi-aisle system in designing automated storage and retrieval systems. Computational analysis of the design model indicates the model suitability for addressing industry size problems.
Keywords: warehouse, automated warehouse, retrieval system, computational analysis
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 1065; Downloads: 22
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Computational and experimental crash analysis of the road safety barrier
Zoran Ren, Matej Vesenjak, 2005, original scientific article

Abstract: The paper describes the computational analysis and experimental crash tests ofa new road safety barrier. The purpose of this research was to develop and evaluate a full-scale computational model of the road safety barrier for use in crash simulations and to further compare the computational results with real crash test data. The impact severity and stiffness of the new design havebeen evaluated with the dynamic nonlinear elasto-plastic analysis of the three-dimensional road safety barrier within the framework of the finite element method with LS-DYNA code. Comparison of computational and experimentalresults proved the correctness of the computational model. The tests have also shown that the new safety barrier assures controllable crash energy absorption which in turn increases the safety of vehicle occupants.
Keywords: mechanics, collision, road restraint system, computational crash analysis, experimental crash test, impact
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1213; Downloads: 68
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Multi attribute decision model for orchard renewal - case study in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Karmen Pažek, Črtomir Rozman, Ferhat Ćejvanović, Andreja Borec, Darja Majkovič, Vjekoslav Par, Jernej Turk, 2005, original scientific article

Abstract: The fruit production in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH) is slowly returning to normality after Balkan wars. Due to favorable climatic and soil conditions it presents a clear business opportunity for family farms. The decision which fruit species/variety to grow is a complex decision and should be made on the basis of sound empirical analysis. This paper present a multi criteria model for planning and decision making methodology based on expert system DEX-i. In the first stage the technological and financial cost benefit analysis were conducted for each fruit production alternative. The results were further evaluated with expert system DEX-i considering all possible criteria influencing the fruit grower decision. In the case of a sample family farm the plum yielded with best multi criteria evaluation, followed by apple and pear, while sour cherry gave unsatifactory outcome.
Keywords: cost benefit analysis, fruit production, multi attribute decision modeling, expert system DEX-i
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 569; Downloads: 14
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