Public video surveillanceMilan Žarković
, Zvonimir Ivanović
, Ivan Žarković
, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek
This paper examines the status of and practical problems in the use of public video surveillance for police and criminal procedural purposes.
The approach in this research paper entailed a comparative legal analysis of the Serbian system with regard to public video surveillance and the use of recorded material as evidence in different procedures. Our research also examined reactions to the use of such material by various government agencies, such as the Ombudsman, the Commissioner for Information of Public Importance and Personal Data Protection, as well as the procedures and activities of the police department when dealing with criminal investigations. This paper examines this issue from the perspective of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights, and their implementation in Serbia.
The results provide different perspectives on changes made in Serbian law. They also guided us in the interpretation of strategically important decisions and led us to construe methods and procedures for implementing different solutions and approaches in surveillance.
Research Limitations / Implications:
Although the findings of this paper are strictly connected with the Serbian legal system, their implications and proposed solutions are universal in their possible application.
While in Serbia there have already been studies covering public video surveillance, evolutionary changes in certain crucial laws have lagged behind. This paper critically deals with such strategic imperfections.
Ključne besede: public surveillance, public video surveillance, Serbia, law
Objavljeno: 16.05.2020; Ogledov: 320; Prenosov: 8
Povezava na celotno besedilo
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...
Analyzing information seeking and drug-safety alert response by health care professionals as ew methods for surveillanceAlison Callahan
, Igor Pernek
, Gregor Štiglic
, Jurij Leskovec
, Howard Strasberg
, Nigam Haresh Shah
, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Background: Patterns in general consumer online search logs have been used to monitor health conditions and to predict health-related activities, but the multiple contexts within which consumers perform online searches make significant associations difficult to interpret. Physician information-seeking behavior has typically been analyzed through survey-based approaches and literature reviews. Activity logs from health care professionals using online medical information resources are thus a valuable yet relatively untapped resource for large-scale medical surveillance.
Objective: To analyze health care professionals% information-seeking behavior and assess the feasibility of measuring drug-safety alert response from the usage logs of an online medical information resource.
Methods: Using two years (2011-2012) of usage logs from UpToDate, we measured the volume of searches related to medical conditions with significant burden in the United States, as well as the seasonal distribution of those searches. We quantified the relationship between searches and resulting page views. Using a large collection of online mainstream media articles and Web log posts we also characterized the uptake of a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) alert via changes in UpToDate search activity compared with general online media activity related to the subject of the alert.
Results: Diseases and symptoms dominate UpToDate searches. Some searches result in page views of only short duration, while others consistently result in longer-than-average page views. The response to an FDA alert for Celexa, characterized by a change in UpToDate search activity, differed considerably from general online media activity. Changes in search activity appeared later and persisted longer in UpToDate logs. The volume of searches and page view durations related to Celexa before the alert also differed from those after the alert.
Conclusions: Understanding the information-seeking behavior associated with online evidence sources can offer insight into the information needs of health professionals and enable large-scale medical surveillance. Our Web log mining approach has the potential to monitor responses to FDA alerts at a national level. Our findings can also inform the design and content of evidence-based medical information resources such as UpToDate
Ključne besede: internet log analysis, data mining, physicians, information-seeking behavior, drug safety surveillance
Objavljeno: 02.08.2017; Ogledov: 911; Prenosov: 121
Celotno besedilo (4,18 MB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...
VLOGA ZASEBNOSTI IN SPOLNOSTI V DISTOPIČNI LITERATURITomaž Anclin
, 2015, magistrsko delo
Opis: Privacy is a matter of ever greater concern in the modern world, and tackling it is increasingly difficult as technology and globalisation threaten it at every step. People have been foreseeing such problems since the last century, and the most imaginative of these are the authors of dystopian fiction. Their works show worlds where the individual is controlled by the State, where the concepts of privacy and sexuality are victims or do not even exist any more. This thesis aims at identifying privacy's role in dystopian literature and observes how sexuality fits into the grander scheme of various societies. With this knowledge, it becomes possible to observe the modern world to see where fiction and reality meet on these topics. In order to thoroughly analyse privacy, it was necessary to separate it into different fields. The structure of the thesis follows this separation throughout. Works included range from classic novels, to articles in journals and media outlets. Each author of a dystopia provides a different vision of the future; thus, a range of surveillance methods are shown, although their targets, whether it be the body or the mind, never differ. Some works give certain targets more attention, others less. Yet, in the end the breach of privacy is an important theme in all the dystopias. A lack of privacy helps find the few dangerous individuals who are sacrificed for the stability of the many, the society, which means the safeguarding of the leaders. Sexuality is used against the people in various ways based on the needs and views of the authority, usually the State. In the modern world similar methods for dealing with privacy and sexuality are used, with some authorities behaving in similar ways. Dystopias can thus function as an effective introduction to an understanding of the modern world.
Ključne besede: privacy, sexuality, dystopia, surveillance, control
Objavljeno: 16.10.2015; Ogledov: 756; Prenosov: 73
Celotno besedilo (398,11 KB)
Video surveillance system and its impact on crime : case study of BarcelonaMarina Aščić
, 2014, magistrsko delo
Opis: Video surveillance system as an urban safety measure is nowadays a growing phenomenon in most European countries. Cameras seem to play an important role in crime prevention strategies at the local and national level. Arguments for setting up video surveillance on streets are more or less the same – to prevent, detect and deter crime. The purpose of this prevention strategy is clear but there is still one part that remains unanswered – what are the effects, if there are any?
Studies showed that, in overall, there is little evidence of positive impacts of video surveillance system. In general, a significant crime drop, which could be attributed to video surveillance, has been shown in car-related crimes (e.g. pilot study of the City of Surrey in 2009). The latter should be comprehended with caution, because the authors report that the results are in strong correlation with the methods applied in the process of evaluation (e.g. study in the case of Malaga). Many studies have implemented the same (common) methodological approach, which seems to be inappropriate when it comes to evaluation of the efficiency of cameras – especially non vehicle-related crimes (e.g. personal crimes, vandalism, pickpocketing, etc.), which represent the target group for crime reduction in the City of Barcelona.
Therefore, this paper will highlight the importance of assessing the efficiency of video surveillance systems. The main aim is to re-conceptualize a model used for measuring efficiency and application of results in case of video surveillance. The cornerstone of the model is based on thorough examination and transformation of indicators (e.g. physical layout, social environment, legal basis, tehnical input, control), which could influence potential crime decrease. Another objective is to clarify ambiguous concepts and aspects of system’s applications. As this is a case study, our main goal is to examine system opportunities and possibilities in Barcelona. The study is focused on legal basis, current research and practical implementations. With all this in mind this paper will attempt to create a research model for measuring the efficiency that could be applied to the city of Barcelona.
Ključne besede: video surveillance, public area, defensible space, effectiveness, research model
Objavljeno: 17.10.2014; Ogledov: 1334; Prenosov: 100
Celotno besedilo (1,25 MB)