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Changed lifestyles during the COVID-19 pandemic : the need for health education in the curriculum of pedagogical students
Joca Zurc, 2024, original scientific article

Abstract: The health education in schools became the focus of public attention during the global pandemic of COVID-19. Teaching practice changed to meet the increased demand for pupils’health, triggering a reevaluation of higher education curricula for pedagogical students. Therefore, this mixed methods study aimed to investigate the lifestyle of university students of pedagogy in Slovenia during the COVID-19 pandemic.One hundred and four students (87.4% females and 12.6% males) met the criteria and participated in an online survey in which they self-assessed their physical activity, eating habits, mental well-being, and sleep quality. The convergent parallel mixed methods design was used to obtain qualitative descriptions of student experiences withlifestyle domains and quantitative data on their attitudes towards the impact of lifestyle on physical and mental well-being during the pandemic. The results suggestthat the pandemic did significantly impact student lifestyles, especially their mental well-being. Although most students maintained a healthy lifestyle during the pandemic, they also reported a deterioration in other measured domains of health-related behaviour. Particular attention should, therefore, be paid to the curriculum of pedagogical students to develop their competences in health education and readiness toassume an active role as educators for their future pupils’ health.
Keywords: health education, university students, curriculum development, education professions, pedagogy, university students, mixed methods research
Published in DKUM: 13.05.2024; Views: 59; Downloads: 2
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Depressive symptoms among Slovenian female tertiary students before and during the COVID-19 pandemic : analysis of two repeated cross-sectional surveys in 2020 and 2021
Andrej Kirbiš, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely affected the mental health of the general population. This holds true especially for vulnerable groups, including young people, students, and females. Our study examined cross-sectional changes in depressive symptoms from immediately before the COVID-19 pandemic (January/February 2020) to the second wave of the epidemic in Slovenia (January/February 2021) among female tertiary students. A multivariate analysis of two repeated cross-sectional surveys was performed using relatively homogeneous samples. The pooled sample included 418 young adult female students (Mage = 21.21 years). Depressed affect items were used to measure depressive symptomatology. All three feelings indicating depressed affect increased substantially and significantly from 2020 to 2021: feeling depressed (23% vs. 38%), lonely (16% vs. 43%), and sad (21% vs. 49%). In 2021, female students had almost a three-fold increase in the odds of reporting at least two out of three depressed affect symptoms compared to 2020 (19% vs. 43%; aOR 2.97; 95% CI 1.59–5.54; p < 0.001), adjusted for sociodemographic and socioeconomic confounders. Our findings suggest that Slovenian female students’ mental health deteriorated during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. Public health professionals’ efforts to combat the pandemic’s mental health-related negative short-term and potential long-term impacts should thus focus on young people, especially on younger female students.
Keywords: depressive symptoms, depressed affect, students, covid-19, mental health, pandemic
Published in DKUM: 09.04.2024; Views: 130; Downloads: 18
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Artificial intelligence and business studies : study cycle differences regarding the perceptions of the key future competences
Polona Tominc, Maja Rožman, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: The purpose of this article is to identify the differences in various aspects of the perception of artificial intelligence by students of economics and business studies at different levels of study and, on this basis, to formulate recommendations both to the higher education institutions themselves, which educate in the field of economic and business sciences, as well as to curriculum designers. First, we utilized descriptive statistics to analyze the responses for each construct among undergraduate and postgraduate students. In the second part, we employed the Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Shapiro-Wilk tests to assess the normality of data distribution. Finally, in the third part, we employed the non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test to identify the differences between undergraduate and postgraduate students. The results show that statistically significant differences can be identified especially in how students of both study levels see and understand the importance of AI. Although we did not identify significant differences between students of both levels in how they see their role in the future labor market, which will be (or already is) characterized by artificial intelligence, we must emphasize that students of both levels evaluate their roles modestly in this respect. Therefore, on this basis, we have made recommendations for more active development and integration of AI in the study process; the article presents important suggestions for improving education to prepare students for the business world of artificial intelligence.
Keywords: artificial intelligence, undergraduate students, postgraduate students, education
Published in DKUM: 03.04.2024; Views: 97; Downloads: 9
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Challenges that need to be addressed before starting new emergency remote teaching at HEIs and proposed solutions
Simona Šinko, Joan Navarro, Xavier Solé-Beteta, Agustín Zaballos, Brigita Gajšek, 2024, original scientific article

Abstract: Emergency Remote Teaching (ERT) aims to swiftly adapt conventional face-to-face educational methods to alternative (typically virtual) formats during crises. The recent COVID-19 pandemic accentuated the vulnerability of traditional educational systems, revealing limitations in their ability to effectively withstand such unprecedented events, thereby exposing shortcomings in the adopted ERT strategies. The goal of this study is to discuss the establishment of resilient, sustainable, and healthy educational systems in non-crisis times, which will enable teachers and students to make a smoother and less stressful transition to Emergency Remote Teaching (ERT) when necessary. A comprehensive hybrid approach, combining quantitative (interviews) and qualitative (online survey) methods has obtained data from 276 professors in 29 countries. These data have been used to identify a range of challenges related to ERT and their perceived level of difficulty. The methodological and social challenges (overshadowed by technical issues at the beginning of the crisis) identified in this research—such as the lack of personal contact or poor feedback from students—have been found to be the most demanding. From the collected insights regarding the perceived level of difficulty associated with the identified challenges, the present study aims to contribute to making higher education systems more robust in non-crisis times.
Keywords: emergency remote teaching, technical challenges, methodological challenges, social challenges, education, students’ engagement
Published in DKUM: 19.02.2024; Views: 142; Downloads: 8
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Erasmus+ mobility : empirical insights into Erasmus+ tourists' behaviour
Miha Lesjak, Emil Juvan, Eva Podovšovnik, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: Erasmus+ students represent a large sub-segment of educational tourists, making this segment an attractive market for universities as well as destination marketing organisations. Unfortunately, very little is known about Erasmus+ students' travel behaviour; hence the present study aims at extending empirically supported knowledge about travel behaviour of students during their Erasmus+ mobility. Data was collected via an online survey among all Erasmus+ enrolling students in the academic year 2016/17 in Slovenia. The results show that 93% of the participants travelled during theirmobility. The level of studies aswell as gender affect students' travel behaviour, making the two characteristics immediately useful attributes when targeting Erasmus+ travellers. Based on perceived destination attributes, male students predominantly seek cities with attractive nightlife but female students look for easily accessible cities, which are safe and offer attractive cultural sites. These findings suggest that tourism providers, destination tourism organisations and universities should work hand in hand when designing personalised tourism experiences and their promotion among Erasmus+ students. This is crucial during the phase of planning Erasmus+ mobility, when students choose their destination and host university, as well as during students' Erasmus+ mobility, because Erasmus + students travel during their student mobility.
Keywords: Erasmus+ mobility, education, international students, destination attributes, tourist behaviour
Published in DKUM: 26.01.2024; Views: 186; Downloads: 6
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Foreign language teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic : differences in students' attitudes towards the online LSP course. The case of the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Eva Podovšovnik, Tilen Smajla, 2022, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Abstract: This paper presents the results of an analysis of the attitudes of students of the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security at the University of Maribor (FVV UM) towards the use of distance learning tools in their language for specific purposes (LSP) course. Our aim was to investigate the students' experience with LSP distance learning tools by focusing on the impact of different language teaching methods on the respondents' attitudes towards LSP distance learning tools, on the students' and professors' perceptions regarding the use of digital tools for online learning and the professors' ability to adapt their teaching methods to online learning. The results were as follows: there were no major differences in attitudes regarding the students' gender, the students have proven to have sufficient knowledge of the use of digital tools, the professors have proven to have sufficient knowledge of the use of digital tools and are able to adapt them accordingly, although the perceptions of students regarding the adaptations made by the professors differed significantly from those of the professors. Consequently, a more informed choice of teaching methods and approaches should be made that would ensure better learning outcomes also in the case of online teaching.
Keywords: attitudes towards the use of digital tools, distance or online learning, Language for specific purposes (LSP), university students, teaching methods and approaches
Published in DKUM: 18.01.2024; Views: 210; Downloads: 7
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Innovative nursing care : education and research
scientific monograph

Abstract: Higher life expectancy on a global level requires complex nursing care as poor education and a lack of knowledge can lead to mistakes. There is a need for nurses who can provide high quality and advanced nursing practice. A mix of well-grounded education and innovative research is needed, where the first provides an understanding of best nursing practice care delivery and the second helps nurses determine best practices and improve nursing care. Provides a current and in-depth picture of actual nursing challenges in education, research, and clinical practice. Helpful in nursing students' education in broader nursing care fields and different approaches in holistic nursing care.
Keywords: nursing care, palliative care, dementia, emergencies, triage, education, COVID-19, older people, children, nursing students
Published in DKUM: 27.11.2023; Views: 351; Downloads: 11
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Influence of the pandemic on students digital literacy skills
Branko Vranešević, 2022, master's thesis

Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has brought many hardships to the world, but in this master thesis we would like to focus on the changes affecting student’s digital literacy skills during their online studies. With different circumstances affecting their efforts we try to research what were some of the problems they faced trying to acquire education and what programs and techniques helped them on the way. The purpose of this research was to examine the discrepancy between digital literacy levels pre, during and post pandemic, and how all those changes affected the students of Slovenia and Serbia, and what were the possible differences between those countries. We go over the results of the questionnaire and the statistic research while gathering our thoughts about their meanings and how can we use them for future researches on this topic and as an even more important goal, to raise awareness on the effects of the restrictions and changes on students. We believe that our research gave an insight on how much the changes in understanding how technology has helped students to follow up on their education in a new form and at the same time educate following populations. Researching relevant literature, we found that with the efforts of all parties including students, their professors, university boards but also with the help of technology and government funds we could help guide the development of student’s digital literacy in the right direction.
Keywords: Covid-19, Pandemic, Students, Digital Literacy
Published in DKUM: 07.09.2023; Views: 208; Downloads: 10
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Emotional intelligence among nursing students: findings from a longitudinal study
Leona Cilar Budler, Lucija Gosak, Dominika Vrbnjak, Majda Pajnkihar, Gregor Štiglic, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: Emotional intelligence is an important factor for nursing students’ success and work performance. Although the level of emotional intelligence increases with age and tends to be higher in women, results of different studies on emotional intelligence in nursing students vary regarding age, study year, and gender. A longitudinal study was conducted in 2016 and 2019 among undergraduate nursing students to explore whether emotional intelligence changes over time. A total of 111 undergraduate nursing students participated in the study in the first year of their study, and 101 in the third year. Data were collected using the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQue-SF) and Schutte Self Report Emotional Intelligence Test (SSEIT). There was a significant difference in emotional intelligence between students in their first (M = 154.40; 95% CI: 101.85–193.05) and third year (M = 162.01; 95% CI: 118.65–196.00) of study using TEIQue-SF questionnaire. There was a weak correlation (r = 0.170) between emotional intelligence and age measuring using the TEIQue-SF questionnaire, and no significant correlation when measured using SSEIT (r = 0.34). We found that nursing students’ emotional intelligence changes over time with years of education and age, suggesting that emotional intelligence skills can be improved. Further research is needed to determine the gendered nature of emotional intelligence in nursing students.
Keywords: emotional intelligence, nursing, students, caring experience, TEIQue-SF, SSEIT
Published in DKUM: 23.08.2023; Views: 312; Downloads: 32
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