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1.
Creation of own reserves for own shares in the acquisition of own shares for withdrawal by simplified procedure under Slovenian law where the consideration is paid in instalments
Gregor Drnovšek, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: During the process of withdrawing own shares, the rules that are relevant, among others, to their acquisition by the company are regulations governing the creation of reserves for own shares. The regulations are clear in cases where the company acquires their own shares simultaneously with the payment of the purchase price. This article will pertain to the proper application of these regulations according to Slovenian law, specifically in cases where the company pays the purchase price for their own shares, which it intends to withdraw after acquisition, in instalments, and acquires their own shares only after paying the last instalment of the purchase price.
Ključne besede: reserves for own shares, protection of creditors, purchase price paid in instalments, capital maintenance principle, withdrawal of own shares, joint-stock company, balance sheet law
Objavljeno: 15.01.2021; Ogledov: 108; Prenosov: 151
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2.
Psihološka manipulacija s tehniko hladnega branja
Diana Mandić, 2020, diplomsko delo

Opis: Zdi se, da ljudi še posebej privlačijo pojavi, ki jih ne morejo razložiti. Široko področje psihologije vsebuje uveljavljene discipline, nanjo pa se sklicujejo tudi veje, ki so po naravi ezoterične, nejasne. Videti je, da jim stroka zaradi tega ni naklonjena. Popularna psihologija je eden takšnih konceptov, ki domnevno temelji na psihologiji, med njenimi postopki oziroma metodami pa najdemo hladno branje. Uporabljajo ga nedokazani vedeževalci, mediji, jasnovidci. Stranke obravnavajo tako, da pri njih dosežejo učinek, kot da jih poznajo od nekdaj, da vedo vse o njih. To izpeljejo s pomočjo Barnumovih trditev, ki jih pojasnjuje Barnumov učinek. Poleg njih se zanašajo na opazovanje (toplo branje) in morebitno predhodno raziskovanje stranke in njenega življenja (vroče branje). Mojstri so tudi spretni retoriki. Metode, ki jih uporabljajo med branjem, so prefinjene in se med seboj prepletajo. Nekateri avtorji so za boljše razumevanje področja predstavili tudi razširjeni model strategij hladnega branja. Cilj mojstra hladnega branja je, da med postopkom, ki lahko poteka v tišini (tudi na daljavo) ali besedno, od stranke neopazno pridobi čim več informacij. Te nato preoblikuje in predstavi kot ugotovitev ali napoved. Zanaša se na predpostavko, da se ljudje v določenih časovnih obdobjih življenja soočajo s težavami iste vrste, in podobne domneve. Ker je hladno branje lahko tudi uspešno, nas je zanimalo, zakaj in kdaj. Nekateri avtorji navajajo, da se ponuja kot alternativa terapevtski obravnavi. Vprašali smo se, ali ga lahko uporabimo v kriminologiji. Kot navajajo nekateri viri, naklonjeni hladnemu branju, so podobne metode že v uporabi pri uslužbencih policije, ko zaslišujejo osumljence ali izdelujejo profil storilca kaznivega dejanja. Kritični avtorji pa ponujajo empirične dokaze, da hladno branje s svojim delovanjem bistveno ne pripomore k reševanju težjih zločinov.
Ključne besede: diplomske naloge, hladno branje, parapsihologija, tehnika hladnega branja, Stock Spiel, Barnumove trditve, Forerjev učinek, kriminologija
Objavljeno: 21.04.2020; Ogledov: 497; Prenosov: 79
.pdf Celotno besedilo (624,99 KB)

3.
Corporate governance of slovenian and german telecommunications companies
Natalija Pauman, 2019, magistrsko delo

Opis: In the master’s thesis we researched corporate governance and the quality of corporate governance. Corporate governance and management of organizations stem from the need and the desire for the existence and development of an organization. It is necessary to establish certain kind of monitoring and controlling in organizations, which we define with the term “corporate governance”. Corporate governance is the system of regulating and controlling corporate conduct and of balancing interests of all shareholders and other stakeholders to which company has influence. The interests of directors and shareholders may be in contrast. The purpose of corporate governance is to find a way to satisfy the interest of both, the board of directors and the shareholders, and at the same time to create long-team and sustainable growth for the company. Corporate governance is extremely important for individual organizations and, consequently, for their business. Compering different organizations, their corporate governance is done in different ways. Corporate governance in developed countries and leading economies is certainly different than in smaller and less developed countries. In this case, arises a question what kind of corporate governance can be labelled as “good” or “first-class” corporate governance. In order to improve corporate governance practices, various legal regulations and other forms of binding and less binding rules, recommendations, codes and standards have been developed. Quality is extremely important for organizations, therefore several methods, methodologies and indexes for measuring the quality of corporate governance have been developed. The purpose of methods is to evaluate and compare the quality of corporate governance between individual companies and between different countries. The results can serve for developing measures to improve corporate governance practices. At the same time, findings can serve to modify and supplement existing legislation and recommendations. The corporate governance index, as a measure of the quality of corporate governance processes, can also be one of the important indicators of the company's potential in order to access to new sources of capital and to reduce the capital´s costs in comparison with other companies. The main purpose of the master's thesis is to study corporate governance and its impact on the business of Slovenian and German telecommunication companies. We make comparison between following companies: Telekom Slovenije, d.d., A1 Slovenija, d.d., Deutsche Telekom AG and Telefónica Deutschland Holding AG. The quality of corporate governance in selected companies was measured with the SEECGAN methodology and index. The methodology was designed to measure the quality of corporate governance. It ensures transparency and provides a structured overview of the main areas of corporate governance between different companies. In empirical part of master’s thesis, we found out that Telekom Slovenije, d.d. has "first-class" quality of corporate governance, A1 Slovenia, d.d. has a "good" quality of corporate governance, Deutsche Telekom AG has a "first-class" quality of corporate governance and Telefónica Deutschland Holding AG has a "good" quality of corporate governance. We found out that both countries have companies with “first-class” and “good” corporate governance. The quality of corporate governance is not related to the national origin or country of operation of the company. One of the main finding of the analysis is that there are no significant differences between the quality of corporate governance in specific areas of SEECGAN index in Slovenian and German companies.
Ključne besede: corporate governance, quality of corporate governance, telecommunication companies, public stock companies, SEECGAN index and methodology, measuring the quality of corporate governance
Objavljeno: 24.10.2019; Ogledov: 355; Prenosov: 48
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,15 MB)

4.
Creation of own reserves for own shares in the acquisition of own shares for withdrawal by simplified procedure under Slovenian law where the consideration is paid in instalments
Gregor Drnovšek, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: During the process of withdrawing own shares, the rules that are relevant, among others, to their acquisition by the company are regulations governing the creation of reserves for own shares. The regulations are clear in cases where the company acquires their own shares simultaneously with the payment of the purchase price. This article will pertain to the proper application of these regulations according to Slovenian law, specifically in cases where the company pays the purchase price for their own shares, which it intends to withdraw after acquisition, in instalments, and acquires their own shares only after paying the last instalment of the purchase price.
Ključne besede: reserves for own shares, protection of creditors, purchase price paid in instalments, capital maintenance principle, withdrawal of own shares, joint-stock company, balance sheet law
Objavljeno: 03.08.2018; Ogledov: 600; Prenosov: 248
.pdf Celotno besedilo (554,40 KB)
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5.
Zamenljive obveznice in obveznice z delniško nakupno opcijo ter pogojno povečanje osnovnega kapitala
Janez Vončina, 2018, doktorska disertacija

Opis: Zamenljive obveznice in obveznice z delniško nakupno opcijo so obveznice, ki predstavljajo instrumente t.i. mezaninskega kapitala, kajti združujejo tako elemente lastniškega kot dolžniškega kapitala. Čeprav se te obveznice načeloma uvrščajo med instrumente dolžniškega financiranja delniške družbe, jih obeležuje pomembna dodatna kvaliteta: njihovi imetniki lahko pod določenimi pogoji pridobijo delnice družbe. Upravičenju do pridobitve delnic, ki je inkorporirano v zamenljive obveznice oziroma v obveznice z delniško nakupno opcijo, je imanentno tveganje razvodenitve kapitalske udeležbe obstoječih delničarjev, zato je treba njihove interese primerno zavarovati. Slovenski pravni red po zgledu na primerjalne korporacijske ureditve varstvo vzpostavlja na dveh nivojih. Zaostruje pogoje za izdajo teh obveznic, saj sme poslovodstvo emisijo izvršiti le, če s tem soglaša skupščina delničarjev, ter delničarjem zagotavlja prednostno pravico do nakupa obveznic ob njihovi izdaji. Soglasje k izdaji obveznic skupščina poda bodisi z obvezujočim bodisi s pooblastitvenim sklepom. Proceduralne zahteve so v obeh primerih enake. Prednostna pravica delničarjev do nakupa obveznic se lahko tudi izključi, če so za to izpolnjene zahtevane formalne in materialne predpostavke. Pri izvedbi emisije na podlagi pooblastitvenega sklepa sme skupščina za izključitev prednostne pravice pooblastiti poslovodstvo, kar je nujno za ohranitev potrebne fleksibilnosti pri pridobivanju hibridnega kapitala. Varovanje delničarjev s prednostno pravico se zagotavlja ne le v postopku izdaje obveznic, temveč tudi v primeru njihove odsvojitve s strani družbe - izdajateljice, ki je obveznice poprej derivativno pridobila. Upravičenje imetnikov obveznic, da pridobijo delnice družbe, za slednjo pomeni obveznost, da delnice efektivno zagotovi. Najprimernejši mehanizem za ta namen je pogojno povečanje osnovnega kapitala, to pa zaradi tega, ker funkcionalno uravnoteži interese vseh deležnikov - družbe, imetnikov obveznic in obstoječih delničarjev. Temeljna predpostavka za izdajo delnic iz naslova pogojnega povečanja osnovnega kapitala je vpis sklepa skupščine (o takšnem povečanju osnovnega kapitala) v sodni register. Če je sklep skupščine neveljaven, je neveljaven tudi vpis izdaje delnic, zato je treba s tožbo v pravdnem postopku - če naj bo ta sposobna za meritorno obravnavo - uveljavljati dva zahtevka - ničnostni oziroma izpodbojni zahtevek zoper sklep skupščine in zahtevek na ugotovitev ničnosti vpisa izdaje delnic. Ob emisiji delnic je poslovodstvo vezano na dve omejitvi: - izdati jih je mogoče le za namen, ki je opredeljen v sklepu skupščine o pogojnem povečanju osnovnega kapitala; - izdaja je dopustna šele po plačilu celotnega emisijskega zneska. Ključna razlika med njima se pokaže v primeru njihovih kršitev. Če namreč poslovodstvo delnice izda za drugačen namen, kot ga je določila skupščina, so delnice nične, medtem ko so delnice, izdane pred njihovim polnim plačilom, veljavne.
Ključne besede: zamenljive obveznice, obveznice z delniško nakupno opcijo, pogojno povečanje osnovnega kapitala, osnovni kapital, pogojni kapital, doktorske disertacije, convertible bonds, bonds with stock purchase warrant, conditional increase of share capital, share capital, conditional capital, dissertation theses
Objavljeno: 05.03.2018; Ogledov: 2121; Prenosov: 307
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,95 MB)

6.
Is technology sector in a bubble?
Tadej Kelc, 2017, diplomsko delo

Opis: The thesis is dealing with the question if the U.S. technology sector is in the bubble. Besides the main aim of this thesis, we are also interested in what the changes are in recent stock market bubbles. The analysis of the sector is key to the investors, because with the early identification of a bubble, they can allocate their funds to other less risky investments. On the other hand, the investors can with the analysis of the sector find out if specific sector is undervalued and thus make above average revenue. Our analysis is based on the study of relative indicators, such as: P/E, P/B, CAPE, P/B, P/S and MarketCap/GDP. We studied the last two historic bubbles and analyzed the current state on the U.S. stock markets. The analysis is focused on the last part of the thesis, where we evaluated what is the current market sentiment in the U.S. stock market, especially in the technology sector. The results are compared to the technology bubble of 2000. In the analysis, we are using U.S. stock market indices as well as the global ones. U.S. stock market is overvalued, which can be argued with high values of the relative indicators compared to the historical average. Some of them show, that market was valued higher only during the Great Depression in 1929 and during the technological bubble in 2000. Remarkably high values are the result of low interest rates and quantitative easing of central banks. The current expansive monetary politics is encouraging risky businesses and increasing credit businesses. The indicator, showing this kind of operations, is the value of investment financed with credit, which is constantly rising in the U.S. since 2009. As a result, stocks and stock indices are increasing as well. With potential abatement of tax rates and other measures of expansive fiscal politics, stock markets could reach even higher values. Currently, we are in the ninth year of bull trend, which is close to the record of 1991, which lasted for nearly a decade. Since 2009, there is optimism prevailing in U.S. stock market, which is reflecting in above average revenue. The feature of the stock market bubble is that it is developing slowly and persistently, thus the main question arises, when will this optimism turn into fear and pessimism, or better said, when will the stock market bubble burst. Still, no one has the answer to that yet.
Ključne besede: stock market bubble, technology sector, overvalued, stock market, stock market index, dot.com bubble, housing bubble
Objavljeno: 08.12.2017; Ogledov: 828; Prenosov: 67
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,78 MB)

7.
The effect of the combination of different methods of stock analysis on portfolio performance
Vesna Trančar, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The literature that examines the stock analysis is often faced with the same questions: Which stock analyses should be chosen and which indicators of individual stock analyses give the best information on whether a particular stock should be included in the portfolio? How many indicators and which combination of indicators should you choose to forecast future stock prices as accurately as possible? Can investors use stock analyses to create such a portfolio to meet the investment expectations? The main purpose of this article is to use theoretical methodology to determine whether the use of a combination of indicators from different stock analyses has a positive impact on the profitability of the portfolio.
Ključne besede: portfolio, stock analysis, portfolio manager, indicators, investment decisions, stock prices
Objavljeno: 14.11.2017; Ogledov: 675; Prenosov: 253
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,50 MB)
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8.
Capabilities of statistical residual-based control charts in short-and long-term stock trading
Berislav Žmuk, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The aim of this paper is to introduce and develop additional statistical tools to support the decision-making process in stock trading. The prices of CROBEX10 index stocks on the Zagreb Stock Exchange were used in the paper. The conducted trading simulations, based on the residual-based control charts, led to an investor’s profit in 67.92% cases. In the short run, the residual-based cumulative sum (CUSUM) control chart led to the highest portfolio profits. In the long run, when average stock prices were used and 2-sigma control limits set, the residual-based exponential weighted moving average control chart had the highest portfolio profit. In all other cases in the long run, the CUSUM control chart appeared to be the best choice. The acknowledgment that the SPC methods can be successfully used in stock trading will, hopefully, increase their use in this field.
Ključne besede: Zagreb Stock Exchange, investments, statistical process control, autocorrelation, residual-based control charts
Objavljeno: 13.11.2017; Ogledov: 578; Prenosov: 288
.pdf Celotno besedilo (731,32 KB)
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9.
What is it worth?
Petra Gsodam, Heinrich Stigler, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: High lifetimes and high capital intensities characterize fixed assets of electric utilities. The historical cost concept implicate that long-lasting fixed assets are shown too low in balance sheets of electric utilities: the real value of long-lasting assets is not shown because of nominal price increases. An alternative to show the real value of longterm assets represents the capital stock concept based on replacement values less depreciations (net capital stock). To calculate the capital stock, information regarding the level of investment in each power plant at the time of construction (historical acquisition values) and with regard to a common base year (replacement values) is necessary. This paper shows how the not-standardized investments in hydropower plants can be estimated and how the capital stock of run-of-river and threshold hydropower plants can be calculated. Long-term assets in the form of run-of-river and threshold hydropower plants are compared based on historic costs and replacement values. The paper concludes that given nominal price increases for replacement investments, as is the case with long-lasting hydropower plants, only depreciations based on replacement values can ensure preservation of the company’s assets.
Ključne besede: fixed assets, electric utilities, balance sheet, capital stock, depreciation
Objavljeno: 11.10.2017; Ogledov: 660; Prenosov: 158
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,51 MB)

10.
Nonlinear spillovers between euro area sovereign bond markets
Silvo Dajčman, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper examines nonlinear spillover effects between sovereign bond markets of six euro area countries (France, Ireland, Italy, Germany, Portugal, and Spain), four of which were among the hardest hit by the sovereign debt crisis, by applying a nonlinear Granger causality test of Diks and Panchenko (2006). The test is applied on the sovereign bond yield dynamics (i.e. yield changes) time series for the time period from 3 January 2000 - 31 August 2011. We also test for ˝pure˝ spillovers between sovereign bond yield dynamics, i.e. the spillovers after controlling for common and regional factors that impact the sovereign bond yield changes of all countries simultaneously. To verify if the nature of spillovers has changed after the start of the euro are sovereign debt crisis, we test for the nonlinear spillovers for the whole observed period and separately for the period be fore and after the start of the euro area sovereign debt crisis (period from the start of April 2010 until the end of our sample, i.e. 31 August 2011). The results of our study show that strong bi-directional Granger causality exists between the investigated sovereign bond markets. Very similar results are obtained whether the regional and world factors are or are not controlled for. We find strong bi-directional non-linear Granger causality for the investigated euro area countries prior the euro area sovereign debt crisis. After the start of the euro area sovereign debt crisis the interdependence be- tween the markets has reduced. We can no longer detect non-linear spillovers running from Germany and France to the ˝periphery˝ euro area countries. The findings of this study have important implications for the policymakers as they show that shocks spill-over quickly across the sovereign bond markets and the intensity and nature of spillovers can change throughout time. The sovereign bond markets of the ˝core˝ euro area decoupled from the ˝periphery˝ euro area sovereign bond markets after the start of euro are debt crisis. The findings are also of relevance for individual investors in the sovereign bond markets for the purpose of portfolio diversification.
Ključne besede: stock exchanges, bonds, financial crisis, econometric models, EU, sovereign bond markets, spillovers, non-linear Granger causality
Objavljeno: 07.08.2017; Ogledov: 630; Prenosov: 259
.pdf Celotno besedilo (409,64 KB)
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