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A multiscale approach to deformation and fracture of heat-resistant steel under static and cyclic loading
P. O. Maruščak, Denys Baran, Vladimir Gliha, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Regularities of static and cyclic deformation, damage and fracture of heat-resistant steel 25Kh1M1F, based on the approaches of physical mesomechanics and 3D interferometry method, are presented in this paper. The applicability of these techniques for different hierarchy levels of deformation was studied. The investigation of scanning microscope photos was conducted for several dissipative structures, fragmentation of the material, localisation of macrodeformation and subsequent failure on macro- and mesolevel. It is shown that the used modern techniques of experimental analysis are very efficient in understanding deformation and damage evolution in materials.
Ključne besede: fracture, heat-resistant steel, cyclic loading, fatigue, plastic deformation
Objavljeno: 18.08.2017; Ogledov: 595; Prenosov: 273
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,42 MB)
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Suitability of the double Langevin function for description of anhysteretic magnetization curves in NO and GO electrical steel grades
Simon Steentjes, Martin Petrun, G. Glehn, Drago Dolinar, Kay Hameyer, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper compares the match obtained using the classical Langevin function, the tanh function as well as a recently by the authors proposed double Langevin function with the measured anhysteretic magnetization curve of three different non-oriented electrical steel grades and one grain-oriented grade. Two standard non-oriented grades and a high-silicon grade (Si content of 6.5%) made by CVD are analyzed. An excellent match is obtained using the double Langevin function, whereas the classical solutions are less appropriate. Thereby, problems such as those due to propagation of approximation errors observed in hysteresis modeling can be bypassed.
Ključne besede: polarization, magnetization measurement, magnetic materials, hysteresis models, Langevin function, electrical steel, saturation
Objavljeno: 03.08.2017; Ogledov: 577; Prenosov: 331
.pdf Celotno besedilo (652,05 KB)
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The influence of $Ce^{3+}$ ions on the corrosion rate of stainless steel in acidic solutions of different pH-values
Aljana Petek, Sebastijan Kovačič, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The corrosion resistance of AISI 420 stainless steel in 0.1 mol $L^{−1}$ $H_2SO_4$ + 0.1 mol $L^{−1}$ $Na_2SO_4$ solutions at different pH-values and the inhibiting effect of $Ce^{3+}$ ions was studied using electrochemical polarization methods. The results reveal decreasing of the corrosion rate with an increasing the pH of the solution, which demonstrates the progressive protective character of the inhibitor used. At pH lower than 3.33, the corrosion inhibition was most probably a result of the competitive adsorption of $Ce^{3+}$ with $H^+$ ions on the cathodic sites of the electrode surface, and it was found to be dependent on the relative concentration of $H^+$/$Ce^{3+}$. The peroxide generated from the oxygen reduction reaction at pH 3.33 was found to be capable oxidize trivalent cerium (Ce) to the tetravalent state. As obtained hydroxide precipitates act as diffusion barrier hindering the corrosion processes, whereafter a spontaneous passivity occurs on the steel surface at this pH.
Ključne besede: acid corrosion, green corrosion inhibitor, stainless steel, electrochemical techniques
Objavljeno: 24.07.2017; Ogledov: 645; Prenosov: 263
.pdf Celotno besedilo (463,32 KB)
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Experimental determination of fatigue parameters of high chromium steel under different loading and temperature conditions
Matej Drobne, Nenad Gubeljak, Srečko Glodež, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Fatigue investigation of high chromium steel (HCS) at different loading ratios (R = 0, R = -1) and different temperatures (20 °C, 600 °C) is presented in this paper. Before fatigue testing, monotonic mechanical properties (ultimate compressive and ultimate tensile strength) are determined at different temperatures, using standardized testing procedures according to DIN 50125 standard. Moreover Charpy impact tests at different temperatures were done with specimens that comply with the standard ISO 14556. Fatigue testing is performed on a servo - hydraulic testing machine with consideration of different loading conditions as described above. On the basis of the experimental results the S - N curves are constructed from which typical fatigue parameters (the fatigue strength coefficient 0'f and the fatigue strength exponent b) are determined. After fatigue testing a comprehensive investigation of fracture surfaces is performed using the Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Experimental results presented in this paper will serve as a basis for further investigations related to fatigue behaviour of real working rolls in hot strip mills made of HCS.
Ključne besede: experiments, high chromium steel, high cycle fatigue, fracture mechanics
Objavljeno: 12.07.2017; Ogledov: 543; Prenosov: 102
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,88 MB)
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Weldability prediction of high strength steel S960QL after weld thermal cycle simulation
Marko Dunđer, Tomaž Vuherer, Ivan Samardžić, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper presents weld thermal cycle simulation of high strength steel S960QL, and describes influence of cooling time t8/5 on hardness and impact toughness of weld thermal cycle simulated specimens. Furthermore, it presents analysis of characteristic fractions done by electron scanning microscope which can contribute to determination of welding parameters for S960QL steel.
Ključne besede: high strength steels, S960QL steel, weldability, weld thermal cycle simulation, hardness, toughness
Objavljeno: 03.07.2017; Ogledov: 2108; Prenosov: 105
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,16 MB)
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Impact energy analysis of quenched and tempered fine grain structural steel specimens after weld thermal cycle simulation
Marko Dunđer, Tomaž Vuherer, Ivan Samardžić, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper presents impact energy results of thermal cycle simulated specimens of quenched and tempered fine grain structural steel S960QL. These results are obtained by examining notched Charpy specimens. Upon performed metallographic analysis and measured hardness, total impact energy is separated into ductile and brittle components.
Ključne besede: quenched and tempered fine grain structural steel, welding thermal cycle, impact energy, cooling time t8/5
Objavljeno: 03.07.2017; Ogledov: 615; Prenosov: 78
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,18 MB)
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Fatigue crack growth and fracture mechanics analysis of a working roll surface layer material
Matej Drobne, Tomaž Vuherer, Ivan Samardžić, Srečko Glodež, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Fatigue crack growth and fracture mechanics analysis of a working roll surface layer material is presented in this paper. The research is done on a hot strip mill working roll where High Chromium Steel is used for roll’s shell material. To obtain corresponding parameters, a rectangular single edge notched bend specimens – SENB, according to standard BS 7448, were used. The fatigue crack growth analysis was done on a resonant testing machine with use of special crack gauges, while for fracture mechanics parameters the electro–mechanical testing machine was used.
Ključne besede: fracture mechanics, fatigue crack growth, metal forming, rolling process, high chromium steel
Objavljeno: 03.07.2017; Ogledov: 524; Prenosov: 82
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,11 MB)
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Dependence of hardness and impact energy on cooling time Δt8/5 and temperature for S960QL
Ivan Samardžić, Marko Dunđer, Tomaž Vuherer, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper deals with research into dependence of hardness and impact energy of thermal cycle simulated specimens of fine-grained structural steel S960QL on cooling time from 800 to 500 °C and on tested temperature. Results were obtained by measuring hardness of HV 10 and by experimental testing of Charpy notched tubes on instrumented Charpy hammer. Total impact energy, initiation energy and fracture propagation energy needed for occurrence of fracture is also elaborated.
Ključne besede: structural steel, quenched hardness, impact energy, cooling time
Objavljeno: 03.07.2017; Ogledov: 539; Prenosov: 74
.pdf Celotno besedilo (185,44 KB)
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Analysis of interface at explosive welded plates from low-carbon steel and titanium
Borut Kosec, Ladislav Kosec, Gabrijela Čevnik, Peter Fajfar, Mirko Gojić, Ivan Anžel, 2004, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: On the basis of experimentally obtained data, it was established that a very thin layer of a melt is generated at the explosive welding of two metals at the bond interface within which impurities flow at the bond during melting. Rapid cooling after the collision generates an alloy of different structure and very small grains of an average thickness app. 1 to 2 micro m. The generation of such an amorphous layer in the bond area has been noticed with various metal combinations and represents a fundamental mechanism of explosive welding of metals. Using the metallographic analysis, the development of the vortices which were formed by the explosive welding of low-carbon steel and titanium plates is described in the paper.
Ključne besede: metallurgy, explosion welding, plates, composites, low-carbon steel, titanium, melt, vortex
Objavljeno: 03.07.2017; Ogledov: 653; Prenosov: 67
.pdf Celotno besedilo (123,13 KB)
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Novel chitosan/diclofenac coatings on medical grade stainless steel for hip replacement applications
Matjaž Finšgar, Amra Perva-Uzunalić, Janja Stergar, Lidija Gradišnik, Uroš Maver, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Corrosion resistance, biocompatibility, improved osteointegration, as well the prevention of inflammation and pain are the most desired characteristics of hip replacement implants. In this study we introduce a novel multi-layered coating on AISI 316LVM stainless steel that shows promise with regard to all mentioned characteristics. The coating is prepared from alternating layers of the biocompatible polysaccharide chitosan and the non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), diclofenac. Electrochemical methods were employed to characterize the corrosion behavior of coated and uncoated samples in physiological solution. It is shown that these coatings improve corrosion resistance. It was also found that these coatings release the incorporated drug in controlled, multi-mechanism manner. Adding additional layers on top of the as-prepared samples, has potential for further tailoring of the release profile and increasing the drug dose. Biocompatibility was proven on human-derived osteoblasts in several experiments. Only viable cells were found on the sample surface after incubation of the samples with the same cell line. This novel coating could prove important for prolongation of the application potential of steel-based hip replacements, which are these days often replaced by more expensive ceramic or other metal alloys.
Ključne besede: corrosion, corrosion resistance, chitosan, biocompatibility, biomaterials, biomedical materials, coatings, stainless steel
Objavljeno: 23.06.2017; Ogledov: 1062; Prenosov: 302
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,73 MB)
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