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Measurements of material heat transfer properties : master study programme
Miha Donša, 2022, master's thesis

Abstract: An experimental setup was created to observe temperature change at two points inside the experimental body. Such an experimental setup created data that was used as an anchor point of optimization that was coupled with numerical models to find unknown variables of heat conductivity and specific heat of the materials. Two numerical models were created. A 1D numerical model was created for possibilities of fast optimization ignoring the insulation and heat transfer through it. Such a model did not manage to describe the experimental setup accurately. Therefore, a 3D numerical model was created simulating the whole experimental setup and yielded much more promising results. Problems with the model were soon seen when experimental data was compared to the numerical solution where variables that were initially not taken into the account showed a much greater effect than first anticipated. Therefore, the 3D numerical model was adjusted to describe the experimental setup as accurately as possible. The experiment was done with two different materials. The materials were picked based on their heat conductivity (high and low). High heat conductivity material was easy to understand and to find a solution to it. With low conductivity material, some problems were quickly observed and as such created a lot of questions as to why and how to find the unknown variables of the material. It was then shown that the masses of the materials in the experiment and the length of the experiment played the most important role in the experiment and quickly explained why and how the experimental setup should be modified to obtain better results.
Keywords: heat transfer, material heat transfer properties, specific heat, heat conductivity, optimization, numerical simulation of heat transfer
Published in DKUM: 07.07.2022; Views: 761; Downloads: 45
.pdf Full text (6,54 MB)

Atterberg limits in relation to other properties of fine-grained soils
Bojana Dolinar, Stanislav Škrabl, 2013, original scientific article

Abstract: In soil mechanics the Atterberg limits are the most distinctive and the easiest property of fine-grained soils to measure. As they depend on the same physical factors as the other mechanical properties of soils, the values of the liquid and plastic limits would be a very convenient basis for their prediction. There are many studies concerning the use of the Atterberg limits in soil mechanics; however, their results vary considerably and are not generally applicable. This paper explains the main reasons for the different conclusions in these studies, which do not take into account the following: a) the water in fine-grained soils appears as interparticle and interaggregate pore water as well as adsorbed water onto the surfaces of clay minerals; b) the physical properties of fine-grained soils depend on the quantity of pore water only, because the adsorbed water is tightly tied on the clayʼs external and internal surfaces and thus cannot influence to them; c) the quantity of adsorbed water on the external surfaces of the clay minerals in soils depends mostly on the size and the quantity of the clay minerals, while the interlayer water quantity depends mostly on the quantity and the type of the swelling clay minerals in the soil composition and their exchangeable cations. From this it follows that for swelling and non-swelling soils, the uniform relationships between the Atterberg limits (which represent the total quantity of pore water and the adsorbed water onto the external and internal surfaces of clay minerals) and other physical properties does not exist. This paper presents some possibilities for the use of the Atterberg limits in predicting the soilʼs other properties for non-swelling and limited-swelling soils.
Keywords: Atterberg limits, specific surface area, undrained shear strength, compressibility, hydraulic conductivity
Published in DKUM: 14.06.2018; Views: 1254; Downloads: 83
.pdf Full text (133,59 KB)
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