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Practical work in biology, chemistry and physics at lower secondary and general upper secondary schools in Slovenia
Andrej Šorgo, Andreja Špernjak, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Syllabi in the science subjects, biology, chemistry and physics at lower and general upper secondary school are compared in the light of their underlying philosophies, goals, objectives and recognized importance in science teaching. Even though all syllabi were prepared within the same framework, great differences among syllabi concerning practical work are evident. More importance is given to practical work in the syllabi of chemistry and physics, where it is recognized as a basic method, while in the biology syllabus the construction of concepts is valued much higher.
Ključne besede: education, curriculum, syllabuses, practical work, science, secondary schools
Objavljeno: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 1179; Prenosov: 35
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

Information and communication technologies (ICT) in biology teaching in Slovenian secondary schools
Andrej Šorgo, Tatjana Verčkovnik, Slavko Kocijančič, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: About two-thirds of Slovene secondary schools received computers equipped with dataloggers and sensors to be used in teaching Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Later it was recognized that only a couple of Biology teachers were using the donated equipment in their classrooms or laboratories. The questionnaire, intended to investigate the situation, was posted to schools which had received a donation. Based on the answers, it was possible to assign computer applications from one of the three groups. In the first group were these applications (word processing, e-mail and internet use) towards which teachers have positive attitudes and that they do use for school work. The common element is that teachers can work at home and then use the materials in the classroom. In the second group were applications (presentations, use of data loggers, computer programmes and virtual laboratory) towards which attitudes are positive, but which teachers do not use because of the overloaded curriculum, lack of equipment, and inappropriate training. In the third group are applications (computer games and programming), about which attitudes are negative and which teachers do not use. The introduction of such applications into teaching is at the moment far from realistic.
Ključne besede: education, biology, biology teaching, computers, ICT, secondary schools
Objavljeno: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 1193; Prenosov: 35
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

Lower secondary school students' attitudes toward computer-supported laboratory exercises
Andreja Špernjak, Miro Puhek, Andrej Šorgo, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In Science teaching laboratory work is recognized as one of the cornerstones. In school science laboratory work computers can be used as computer supported laboratory (real) and as virtual laboratory. In the first case "real" laboratories involve bench top experiments utilizing data acquisition systems while "virtual" laboratory entails interactive simulations and animations. Lower secondary school students in age between 11 and 15 performed three laboratory exercises (Activity of yeast, Gas exchange in breathing, Heart rate) as classic, computer-supported and virtual laboratory. As a result of testing we know that all three methods are suitable even for younger students. When they were asked which method they liked the most, their first choice was computer-supported laboratory, followed by classic laboratory, and virtual laboratory at the end. Additionally recognized weak and strong sides of used methods are discussed.
Ključne besede: education, biology, computer-supported laboratory, simulations, secondary schools
Objavljeno: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 1083; Prenosov: 37
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

The journey of a sandwich: computer-based laboratory experiments about the human digestive system in high school biology teaching
Andrej Šorgo, Zdravka Hajdinjak, Darko Briški, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Teaching high school students about the digestive system can be a challenge for a teacher when s/he wants to overcome rote learning of facts without a deeper understanding of the physiological processes inside the alimentary tract. A series of model experiments illustrating the journey of a sandwich was introduced into teaching high school biology. Using a computer equipped with a commercially available data-acquisition system and a couple of sensors,it was possible to illustrate the basic underlying physical and chemical principles of digestion to the students. Students were able to investigate, through hands-on activities, the chewing force of the jaws, importance of the mechanical breakdown of food, enzymatic activity of pepsin and amylase, antibacterial activity of hydrochloric acid, and importance of the villi for absorption. Students found the experiments interesting and helpful for understanding the digestive process. Furthermore, the results fromtesting indicated that the students had a deeper understanding of the physiological processes.
Ključne besede: education, biology, high schools, data logging
Objavljeno: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 819; Prenosov: 76
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

Applicative economic geography in general grammar school in Slovenia
Eva Konečnik Kotnik, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Within the contribution "Applicative Economic Geography in General Grammar School in Slovenia", the selection of learning objectives in the syllabus for geography in general grammar school in Slovenia are presented. The selection of objectives relates to economic geography. This article presents the results of generic comparative analysis of learning objectives within the framework of the quoted substantive area of syllabi, which have been issued during the period from the emergence of Slovenia as an independent state (1992, 1998 and 2008). We present here the results of the evaluation of quoted learning objectives from the viewpoint of social needs and, respectively, the applicability of the quoted learning objectives, as well as the results of the evaluation of current learning objectives from the viewpoint of teaching practice in the general grammar school on the part of teachers of geography in the general grammar schools.
Ključne besede: šolska geografija, ekonomska geografija, gimnazije, Slovenija, geographical education, economic geography, grammar schools, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 482; Prenosov: 47
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

Opportunity makes the cheater: high school students and academic dishonesty
Andrej Šorgo, Marija Vavdi, Urška Cigler, Marko Kralj, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The purpose of this study was to reveal data about cheating behaviours in Slovenian upper secondary schools, to raise awareness and to lower tolerance for such behaviour. To acquire information about demographics, cheating behaviour, and opinions on such behaviour, we compiled a questionnaire that targeted a university population of first-year students (N=323). From the results, it was revealed that cheating is a way of life in Slovenian schools, and almost all students at least occasionally indulge in some academic misbehaviour. It seems that a culture tolerant or even supportive of such behaviour has been established among students, parents and teachers, all working together to “help” students climb the ladder of success. The open question is whether all kinds of cheating are even recognized as such. Cheating is most common in homework, but at the other end, even systems such as external exams are not immune to fraud. At the moment, classic methods of cheating dominate. Differences between characters (e.g. gender) and educational institutions in most cases are non-existent or small, a finding that could aid in establishing measures to prevent cheating inside schools as institutions.
Ključne besede: cheating, academic dishonesty, students, secondary schools, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 13.07.2017; Ogledov: 237; Prenosov: 41
.pdf Celotno besedilo (210,84 KB)
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Pedagogical Dimensions of Grimm's Fairy Tales
Petra Bokša, 2016, magistrsko delo

Opis: In this Master’s thesis I considered the pedagogical dimensions of Grimm’s fairy tales. I wanted to know which of Grimm’s fairy tales are used in schools from English speaking countries, and which in schools from Slovenia. I also wanted to establish what kinds of activities are planned when working with fairy tales, and in which grades they are used. Before I started my research, I wrote the theoretical part of the thesis. I began by writing something about the authors of the fairy tales, the Brothers Grimm, and something about the fairy tales themselves. I continued by focusing on Grimm’s fairy tales and how they were modernised, and exploring about the didactic purposes of the fairy tales. For the research part of my thesis, I gathered 40 lesson plans, 20 from English speaking countries and 20 from Slovenia. I compared and analysed each lesson plan according to which fairy tale it included, how long it was, what kinds of activities were planned, and for which level of knowledge or grade it was written. I came to the conclusion that lesson plans that come from English speaking countries are better that those which actually originate from Slovenian schools. Moreover, Slovenian schools do not use the variety of fairy tales that is used in English speaking countries. However, I did come to see that both use fairy tales in all grades of Elementary school, not just for younger learners. Finally, we constructed our own lesson plan with the use of Grimm's fairy tale "Tom Thumb".
Ključne besede: Brothers Grimm, Grimm’s fairy tales, lesson plans, English Elementary schools, Slovenian Elementary schools
Objavljeno: 28.09.2016; Ogledov: 500; Prenosov: 49
.pdf Celotno besedilo (673,62 KB)

Professional competences of graduates as a labour market mechanism for aligning business school curriculum reform with the Bologna declaration principles
Milan Jurše, Polona Tominc, 2008, kratki znanstveni prispevek

Opis: Higher education institutions in Europe have been recently faced with a rapidly changing external framework for developing new study programmes and their curricula. The main contribution of our paper is to provide a better insight into the skills and competences of business school graduates needed at the labour market, as seen by employers, graduates of business schools, and academics. The paper attempts to enhance our understanding of different aspects of curriculum revision by incorporating professional competences into the early stages of the curriculum development process. In this paper also the experience of the Faculty of Economics and Business from Slovenia, which has transformed its bachelor and master study programmes according to the principles set out in Bologna Declaration, is presented and discussed.
Ključne besede: employment, labor market, education, business schools, lifelong learning, Bologna declaration
Objavljeno: 04.07.2017; Ogledov: 232; Prenosov: 56
.pdf Celotno besedilo (287,08 KB)
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Art expression of identical twins
Matjaž Duh, Lucija Gosak, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The presented research discusses art expression of identical twins in different art fields: drawing, painting and sculpting. The research sample included two elementary school boys of age 12. With the help of a case study we observed, analyzed and studied artworks of these two identical twins. We established that the artistic expression of identical twins is similar at drawing and painting. At sculpting, the final artworks visually differ, but the boys used similar art and design strategies.
Ključne besede: art education, identical twins, artistic creativity, primary schools
Objavljeno: 06.07.2017; Ogledov: 189; Prenosov: 147
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,41 MB)
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Preference for visual motifs in first grades of primary school
Matjaž Duh, Jerneja Herzog, Špela Ros, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A visual motif is an important component of an art project and is the thing initially detected in the visual art. A suitable introduction into visual motifs is provided by art education classes. A teacher can enable a successful execution of an art project to a pupil, only with a detailed introduction into visual motifs. These are not defined with the curriculum; instead, they are freely chosen by the teacher himself. The motifs should be more unusual, out of the ordinary, colourful and original. With the right approach and the selection of artworks, the teacher can develop artistic creativity in his pupils. At the same time, pupils can develop the ability for observation, critical analysis and evaluation of visual art. In this article, a study is presented, whose purpose was to examine the preferences for visual motifs by gender and stratum of pupils on 4th level of primary school. The findings show the differences are more commonly reflected through gender, and less through stratum from which the pupils originate.
Ključne besede: education, visual art, art motifs, primary schools
Objavljeno: 06.07.2017; Ogledov: 408; Prenosov: 139
.pdf Celotno besedilo (561,58 KB)
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