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Livestock revolution in tropical monsoon countries : some challenges and issues
Nizamuddin Khan, Asif Iqubal, Anisur Rehman, 2011, review article

Abstract: Livestock husbandry is one of the important demand driven sectors of agriculture in the world. It acts as a global resource in the form of food, income, nutrients, employment, insurance, clothing and others purposes. It plays a vital role in socio-economic development of the farmers. Demand of livestock products is increasing on account of increasing population, changing food habits of the middle class population and urbanization in developing Asian countries. This paper seeks to understand the pattern of growth of livestock number as well as their products and to identify the issues and challenges emerged on account of dynamics in livestock husbandry in Monsoon Asian countries. By analyzing the recorded data of FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) in different years paper enables to state that all species of livestock showed positive growth rate with the exception of sheep and pigs. Now the livestock husbandry showing the structural change i.e. in general it is shifting from horizontal expansion to vertical expansion in most of the study region. The livestock improved tremendously and achieved a great success in raising livestock derived products. Various issues and challenges of livestock husbandry are now deserved for academic and scientific discussion as a result of livestock revolution in world in general and tropical monsoon countries in particular.
Keywords: livestock revolution, structural change, livestock issues
Published in DKUM: 04.04.2018; Views: 770; Downloads: 64
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Livestock revolution and its impacts on the sustainability of marginal and small farmers in India : a case study
Nizamuddin Khan, Asif Iqubal, 2010, review article

Abstract: Livestock husbandry is an important segment of Indian agriculture. Its share of contribution to agricultural gross products has increased since the implementation of the globalization of agricultural trade. Livestock revolution has occurred not only in India, but in all tropical deve- loping countries, owing to recently increasing demand for animal-derived products in national and international markets. We selected Aligarh, a micro geographical unit from the Upper Ganga plain of Uttar Pradesh for this study. 600 households from 12 villages in the area were surveyed for collection of data. The study revealed that the region witnessed growth in livestock husbandry with selected species during 1993-1994 to 2003-2004. Buffalo and goats showed a positive change due to enhancement in the demand of milk and meat on account of increasing urban consumers, liberalization of agri-business and the changing of food habits over the decades. Cattle numbers have contracted owing to the mechanization of agriculture and the prohibition of cow slaughter in the country. Two thirds of livestock keepers, workers and beneficiaries are poor farmers with less than 3 hectares of land holding. The majority of them follow the livestock-cropping integrated farming system, which is highly beneficial rather than rearing livestock exclusively. Livestock husbandry is an economically viable, socially acceptable and environmentally sustainable farming system in the study area of the Aligarh district.
Keywords: sustainable, economic viability, livestock revolution
Published in DKUM: 29.03.2018; Views: 1141; Downloads: 75
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Vegetable revolution and rural sustainable development : a case study
Nizamuddin Khan, Sadiq Salman, Anisur Rehman, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: Indian agriculture is now at a critical juncture. The liberalization of agricultural trade, increasing trends of urbanization and fragmentation of the land have resulted in commercialization of Indian agriculture. In the present scenario, farmers are bound to turn towards more remunerative crops, like vegetables, for their sustenance. India has a large population and diverse agro–climatic conditions that favor the growth of various vegetables in the country. Vegetable revolution, in the last decades, has been a ray of hope for the landless, small and marginal farmers. This has become a new dimension of development in favor of the poor rural masses. Our study was undertaken in the Bulandshahr district, lying in the Indogangetic plain. This area not only has fertile land, but also has an efficient infrastructure to support vegetable cultivation. The present study focuses the role of vegetable cultivation upon rural sustainable development. The study revealed that the area studied witnessed an alarming growth in expansion of vegetable cultivation during recent decades. An efficient vegetable marketing network with the integration of rural markets at a grassroots level is urgently needed for sustainable, economically viable and socially acceptable planning of diversification of agriculture with value added crops like vegetables both in the study area and in the country at a national level.
Keywords: vegetable revolution, marginal, small, farmers, sustainable, development
Published in DKUM: 20.03.2018; Views: 1032; Downloads: 93
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Satirical speech and writing in Orwell's Animal farm
Ženja Hotko, 2011, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: The diploma thesis Satirical Speech and Writing in Orwell’s Animal Farm is a presentation of George Orwell’s life and how it affected his literary work. It dealt with and presented the reasons for the creation of the novel, Animal Farm. The aim was to present Orwell’s veiled criticism of the Soviet Union, especially the indirect attack on Stalinist communism. Speciality of the novel is that the characters are symbolically represented by the animals. The novel faced many rejections before it was published, therefore the aim was to present the reasons for its rejection and how it became successful. Orwell’s writing style is simple and the use of language is unsentimental. He developed the rules for writing which were applied in his work. The last chapter represents satire, where Orwell’s political satire is described. The chapter also deals with the examples and analysis of satirical speech and writing in Animal Farm.
Keywords: George Orwell, Animal Farm, animalism, Socialism, Russian Revolution, satire, satirical speech, political satire, irony, humour, bathos
Published in DKUM: 10.01.2012; Views: 2853; Downloads: 214
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