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Shopping and business centres in Sarajevo
Rahman Nurković, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: In the paper, influence of shopping and business centres: Mercator, Tuš, Obi Robot, Konzum and BBI on development of Sarajevo city is analysed. Results of the survey made among visitors indicate to presence of social functions (walk, leisure, recreation, fun, socialization) in five centres. The mentioned functions are more expressed in new shopping centres, while shopping is the most important motive of visits to commercial centres. Sarajevo city makes, with its surrounding, a functionally connected wholeness – city, respectively an urban region.
Keywords: shopping and business centres, central business centre, public space, social functions, Sarajevo
Published: 10.04.2018; Views: 521; Downloads: 63
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The concepts on quality of life in the Maribor post-WW2 housing estates
Vanja Skalicky Klemenčič, Metka Sitar, 2012, review article

Abstract: The paradigm of quality of life in housing depends on various interconnectedness functions, which satisfy not only the needs of dwellers but also the inhabitants of the city, in general. In addition, it is essential that the residential areas incorporate well accessible and appropriately designed open public space and green areas. In regard to that, the chapter focuses on the impacts of housing estate planning elements on quality of life. Currently, open public space and green areas in the post-WW2 housing estates are often used for other purposes, largely as a consequence of number of cars that has led to enormous parking problems. Two decades after the housing privatization, the question of the ownership of green areas and related maintenance is often the cause of most adverse conflicts, arising from the misuse of open public space. Further, a special phenomenon, the influence of high-quality Scandinavian housing models on Slovenian urban planning and design of housing estates in the post-WW2 period will be presented. The overview of multi-family housing estates in the city of Maribor from this period raise new approach on the quality of life particularly in regard to open public space.
Keywords: post-WW2 housing estates, open public space, green areas, quality of life, maribor, Humek, Ljubo, architect
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 1385; Downloads: 69
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Video surveillance system and its impact on crime : case study of Barcelona
Marina Aščić, 2014, master's thesis

Abstract: Video surveillance system as an urban safety measure is nowadays a growing phenomenon in most European countries. Cameras seem to play an important role in crime prevention strategies at the local and national level. Arguments for setting up video surveillance on streets are more or less the same – to prevent, detect and deter crime. The purpose of this prevention strategy is clear but there is still one part that remains unanswered – what are the effects, if there are any? Studies showed that, in overall, there is little evidence of positive impacts of video surveillance system. In general, a significant crime drop, which could be attributed to video surveillance, has been shown in car-related crimes (e.g. pilot study of the City of Surrey in 2009). The latter should be comprehended with caution, because the authors report that the results are in strong correlation with the methods applied in the process of evaluation (e.g. study in the case of Malaga). Many studies have implemented the same (common) methodological approach, which seems to be inappropriate when it comes to evaluation of the efficiency of cameras – especially non vehicle-related crimes (e.g. personal crimes, vandalism, pickpocketing, etc.), which represent the target group for crime reduction in the City of Barcelona. Therefore, this paper will highlight the importance of assessing the efficiency of video surveillance systems. The main aim is to re-conceptualize a model used for measuring efficiency and application of results in case of video surveillance. The cornerstone of the model is based on thorough examination and transformation of indicators (e.g. physical layout, social environment, legal basis, tehnical input, control), which could influence potential crime decrease. Another objective is to clarify ambiguous concepts and aspects of system’s applications. As this is a case study, our main goal is to examine system opportunities and possibilities in Barcelona. The study is focused on legal basis, current research and practical implementations. With all this in mind this paper will attempt to create a research model for measuring the efficiency that could be applied to the city of Barcelona.
Keywords: video surveillance, public area, defensible space, effectiveness, research model
Published: 17.10.2014; Views: 1352; Downloads: 104
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