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Planiranje in spremljanje proizvodnega procesa izdelave orodij v orodjarni podjetja talum d.d.
Gregor Cafuta, 2020, master's thesis

Abstract: Planiranje, spremljanje in nadzor proizvodnje so eni izmed ključnih procesov, ki potekajo znotraj vsakega uspešnega podjetja. V magistrskem delu smo se osredotočili na izboljšanje obstoječega stanja v Orodjarni podjetja Talum d.d. V teoretičnem delu magistrskega dela predstavljamo podjetje, programska okolja, črtne kode in teoretična ozadja planiranja, vodenja ter nadzora proizvodnje. Empirični del magistrskega dela pa sestoji iz predstavitve planiranja v programskem okolju Microsoft Project in vseh narejenih izboljšav, ki smo jih izvedli v podjetju.
Keywords: Planiranje proizvodnje, spremljanje proizvodnje, nadzor proizvodnje, Microsoft Project, Infor LN, QR koda
Published: 11.01.2021; Views: 70; Downloads: 0

Slovenian Chemistry Teachers' Understanding of Project-based Learning
Hanija Bujas, 2020, master's thesis

Abstract: Project-based learning (PBL) is a teaching method through which students gain knowledge and skills while working on a project for an extended period of time. They investigate and respond to an authentic, engaging, and complex problem. The popularity of PBL is constantly rising. However, PBL is hard to understand and therefore harder to implement in schools. In the master's thesis we wanted to understand how Slovenian chemistry teachers understand PBL, and how do they implement it in their teaching of chemistry or chemistry related subjects. We created a questionnaire on Google forms and distributed it to chemistry teachers of all Slovenian lower secondary schools and general upper secondary schools. We gathered 130 answers, out of which 95 were teachers who teach in lower secondary schools and 35 who teach in general upper secondary schools. According to the results, teachers barely understand PBL. A majority of teachers are convinced that they use PBL, when the results show that in practice they do not. Project-based learning is often confused for problem-based learning, which is the main confusion for the teachers. Our respondents believe that, because of extensive curriculum and lack of time, it is not possible to fully implement PBL in Slovenian schools.
Keywords: project-based learning, teachers, chemistry, understanding
Published: 29.10.2020; Views: 116; Downloads: 8
.pdf Full text (1,28 MB)

Prenova načrtovanja in spremljanja projektov v Elektro Hanza d.o.o.
Denis Grbič, 2019, bachelor thesis/paper

Abstract: V diplomskem delu smo se ukvarjali s prenovo načrtovanja in spremljanja projektov v izbranem podjetju, tako da smo iskali predloge izboljšav. V teoretičnem delu smo prikazali osnove obvladovanja in spremljanja projektov ter na kratko povzeli osnove logistike, ki se navezuje na procese dela v podjetju. V drugem delu smo predstavili posnetek stanja v podjetju in ga kritično analizirali. V nadaljevanju smo predstavili računalniške programe za načrtovanje in spremljanje projektov, izpostavili njihove bistvene lastnosti, jih medsebojno analizirali, nato pa podali oceno glede na potrebne kriterije in izbrali najprimernejši program za podjetje. V raziskovalnem delu smo predstavili predloge izboljšav v procesu spremljanja projektov, oceno učinkov izbranih rešitev ter oceno smiselnosti investicije in povrnitve investicije. Ker smo se osredotočili predvsem na uvedbo računalniškega programa za načrtovanje in spremljanje projektov, smo v zaključku izpostavili predlog rešitve uvedbe programa, predstavili njegove prednosti in slabosti ter uporabo le-tega v podjetju.
Keywords: Elektro Hanza d.o.o., obvladovanje projektov, spremljanje projektov, programi za vodenje projekta, MS Project
Published: 04.04.2019; Views: 392; Downloads: 52
.pdf Full text (1,28 MB)

Regular and temporary employees in project organized business pay different attention to preconditions for learning
Gunnar Augustsson, Maria Rasmusson, 2018, review article

Abstract: Background and purpose: The purpose is to investigate whether regular and temporary staff differ in their perceptions of preconditions for learning and if there are some qualitative aspects that can be considered particularly significant in these differences. Design/Methodology/Approach: The approach consists of a case study based on both quantitative and qualitative data collected via an online questionnaire and individual interviews. Results: The paper question the understanding of the organization as a singular and more or less cohesive unit. On an organizational level, the project owner who hires staff does not care for competence transfer between regulars and temps, or between different groups of staff. At the individual level, temps are more focused on their specific task compared to regulars. Regulars’ seems to safeguarding a community or an organizational perspective, while temps are looking for their own good. Conclusions: There is a risk that one social unit differs, in attention payed to preconditions for learning, from another, when an organization use temporary staff. Therefore, the scientific value of this paper is that using temps may result in or be a consequence of a fragmented organization. The findings show no competence transfer in projects with both temps and regulars, and the project owner takes no active responsibility for human resource planning in terms of competence transfer between different groups of staff. The implications underline that long-term efficiency and rationality in an organization does not always have priority over organizational affiliation even with the hiring of expertise. When this happens, it may lead to a fragmented personnel group that is divided in thinkers/organizers and, performers/doers. When this happens, important practical skills fall outside of the organization, which in a metaphorical sense means that the hand is separated from the brain. Therefore, organizations with temporary staff need to plan for how to enable competence transfer between temporary and regular staff.
Keywords: competence transfer, inter-organization, project organization, temporary work
Published: 10.10.2018; Views: 336; Downloads: 230
.pdf Full text (408,38 KB)
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Prenova informacijskega sistema v podjetju Starkom d.o.o.
Kamelija Chavdarova, 2018, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: V diplomskem delu je opisan proces vodenja projekta »Prenova informacijskega sistema« v podjetju Starkom, d. o. o., skozi programski paket Microsoft Project 2016. Podana je kratka teoretična podlaga o projektnem vodenju in življenjskem ciklu projekta, sledi opis zahtev projekta. V jedru diplomskega dela je podrobno opisano orodje Microsoft Project 2016 in kako je uporabljan za projektno vodenje. Podan je tudi opis prenovljene infrastrukture informacijske tehnologije, delo pa je zaključeno s pregledom uspešnosti projekta in z izvedbo analize SWOT. Po menjavi sistema se je olajšalo sodelovanje podjetja Starkom, d. o. o., z njegovim partnerskim podjetjem Daimler AG. Seveda pa takšne kompleksne infrastrukture še vedno zahtevajo redno vzdrževanje tako strojne kot sistemske programske opreme.
Keywords: IT-infrastruktura, prenova, načrtovanje, projektno vodenje, MS Project
Published: 04.09.2018; Views: 629; Downloads: 123
.pdf Full text (1,98 MB)

Multi-objective optimization algorithms with the island metaheuristic for effective project management problem solving
Christina Brester, Ivan Ryzhikov, Eugene Semenkin, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Background and Purpose: In every organization, project management raises many different decision-making problems, a large proportion of which can be efficiently solved using specific decision-making support systems. Yet such kinds of problems are always a challenge since there is no time-efficient or computationally efficient algorithm to solve them as a result of their complexity. In this study, we consider the problem of optimal financial investment. In our solution, we take into account the following organizational resource and project characteristics: profits, costs and risks. Design/Methodology/Approach: The decision-making problem is reduced to a multi-criteria 0-1 knapsack problem. This implies that we need to find a non-dominated set of alternative solutions, which are a trade-off between maximizing incomes and minimizing risks. At the same time, alternatives must satisfy constraints. This leads to a constrained two-criterion optimization problem in the Boolean space. To cope with the peculiarities and high complexity of the problem, evolution-based algorithms with an island meta-heuristic are applied as an alternative to conventional techniques. Results: The problem in hand was reduced to a two-criterion unconstrained extreme problem and solved with different evolution-based multi-objective optimization heuristics. Next, we applied a proposed meta-heuristic combining the particular algorithms and causing their interaction in a cooperative and collaborative way. The obtained results showed that the island heuristic outperformed the original ones based on the values of a specific metric, thus showing the representativeness of Pareto front approximations. Having more representative approximations, decision-makers have more alternative project portfolios corresponding to different risk and profit estimations. Since these criteria are conflicting, when choosing an alternative with an estimated high profit, decision-makers follow a strategy with an estimated high risk and vice versa. Conclusion: In the present paper, the project portfolio decision-making problem was reduced to a 0-1 knapsack constrained multi-objective optimization problem. The algorithm investigation confirms that the use of the island meta-heuristic significantly improves the performance of genetic algorithms, thereby providing an efficient tool for Financial Responsibility Centres Management.
Keywords: 0-1 multi-objective constrained knapsack problem, project management portfolio problem, multi-objective evolution-based optimization algorithms, collaborative and cooperative meta-heuristics
Published: 04.05.2018; Views: 638; Downloads: 196
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Upravljanje projekta selitve in avtomatizacije skladišča v podjetju X
Aleš Krumpak, 2018, master's thesis

Abstract: Magistrska naloga prikazuje kako voditi projekte, na podlagi projekta izvedenega v praksi. V teoretičnem delu so predstavljene osnove o vodenju projektov. Sledi praktični del, kjer je prikazana izdelava zagonskega elaborata projekta, vključno s terminskim planom izdelanim v programskem paketu Microsoft Project in primerjava dejanskega poteka projekta, v primerjavi s potekom v zagonskem elaboratu. Rezultati kažejo, da je mogoče projekt uspešno izvesti tudi brez izdelave zagonskega elaborata, vendar je vodenje projektov na ta način manj učinkovito. Na podlagi zagonskega elaborata lahko ocenimo tudi ekonomsko upravičenost izvedbe projekta.
Keywords: vodenje projektov, zagonski elaborat, terminski plan, Microsoft Project
Published: 17.04.2018; Views: 749; Downloads: 160
.pdf Full text (2,22 MB)

Teaching information system technology in partnership with IT companies
Viljan Mahnič, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: We describe an example of partnership between a university and some major IT companies - IBM and Microsoft - to teach a course on information systems technology. The course is taught in the fifth (final) year of the university undergraduate program when students have already mastered the basic theoretical knowledge of information system development. For this reason, the course content was restructured to pay more attention to practical experience and the learning opportunities available within the environment of professional industry. During the course, students get acquainted with IBM and Microsoft products and the tools that support the development of online information systems. Special attention is devoted to group project work, which is not just intended for the improvement of technical skills, but also for the aqusition of transferrable skills such as teamwork, management/leadership, planning and organizing, presentation and documentation, searching for information, etc. We describe our experience from teaching the course in the academic years 2005/06 and 2006/07. A description of the course content is given and the results of a survey among the students are presented. Students responded favourably to the new approach and found the course very useful and interesting.
Keywords: computer engineering education, university-industry co-operation, group project work, information systems technology
Published: 22.01.2018; Views: 408; Downloads: 255
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Providing the success of Six Sigma by proper project identification and selection
Dušan Gošnik, Andrej Bertoncelj, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: Results of Six Sigma projects are related to company performance. Successful Six Sigma projects increase customer satisfaction and have many other positive effects on organisations. Success of Six Sigma projects is related to key management decision about how to identify potential projects and which projects to select for final implementation. This research is oriented toward the study of tools used in the phase of Six Sigma project identification and criteria used in the phase of Six Sigma project selection. The purpose of this research is to compare results from manufacturing sector in Slovenia and the UK. Results of this study indicate that management within the organisations tend to identify potential Six Sigma projects with the use of different tools, such as: brainstorming (Slovenia and UK.), followed by Critical To Quality tree (UK.), and interviews and customer visits (Slovenia). Further, the results show that the final decision about Six Sigma projects selection in the UK and Slovenia include different criteria, such as: customer benefit (Slovenia and UK), finance impact (UK) and connection to business strategy (Slovenia). Many companies in the UK as well in Slovenia combine the use of tools and balanced selection criteria at the same time.
Keywords: Six Sigma, tools, criteria, identification, selection, project, management, Slovenia, United Kingdom
Published: 18.01.2018; Views: 510; Downloads: 84
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Survey of accomplishments in BIM implementation in Croatia, the Czech Republic, Germany, and Slovenia
Mario Galić, Vaclav Venkrbec, Franziska Chmelik, Immo Feine, Zoran Pučko, Uroš Klanšek, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Building information modelling (BIM) may currently be considered the fastest developing concept in the field of construction management, aiming to become a global standard. Although the roots of the concept date back to the mid-1970s, some original expectations are still missing from its implementation. There has been a time gap between its theoretical and practical implementations. While the simultaneous development of information technologies is one reason for the implementation delay, other reasons remain unclear. This paper analyzes the gaps between theoretical and practical BIM application, as well as the legislation regarding BIM implementation in four countries (in alphabetical order: Croatia, the Czech Republic, Germany, and Slovenia). The paper additionally presents a survey of current practical BIM applications as well as general and theoretical feedback from construction projects that implemented BIM.
Keywords: construction industry, implementation, project management, survey
Published: 12.01.2018; Views: 595; Downloads: 220
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