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1.
Prisoner rehabilitation in Serbia
Želimir Kešetović, Biljana Simeunović-Patić, 2010, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: The paper gives a brief overview of the history and past developments of prison rehabilitation in the Republic of Serbia, as well as a more detailed description of present situation in the domain of the execution of institutional penal sanctions, in both normative and practical aspects. Design/Methodology/Approach: For the purpose of the analysis, legislative documents were taken into account, as well as official data and reports of the Prison Administration of the Ministry of Justice and NGOs reports. Findings: The new treatment concept is based on the latest scientific achievements on crime and experiences of modern and developed penal systems Europe-wide. It is primarily focused on better classification of convicted persons by the level of risk, individual characteristics, needs and ability to adopt positive interventions through the penal system. Particularly important is that external control of work of penal institutions is provided, through the institution of Protector of Citizens. However there is still need of further developments in the domains of prison rehabilitation/treatments, and particularly of aftercare and post-penal assistance, in order to reach the substantial improvements in ex-prisoners’ social inclusion, reduction re-offending rates and crime prevention. Research limitations/implications: More reliable conclusions on overall effects of prison rehabilitations could be derived only on the basis of particularly tailored comprehensive longitudinal research. Rather new legislation and ongoing reform of the concept of prison administration are objective external research limitations. Practical implications: This paper emphasises the importance of after care and post-penal assistance as a problem that should be addressed in comprehensive manner by Ministry of Justice, together with other relevant ministries and agencies in Serbian government. Originality/Value: This paper is among few attempts of Serbian prisoner rehabilitation evaluation.
Ključne besede: prison system, prisoner, rehabilitation, execution of penal sanctions, Serbia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.05.2020; Ogledov: 548; Prenosov: 15
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2.
Prisoner rehabilitation in Romania
Ioan Durnescu, Petronel Mirel Dobrica, Catalin Bejan, 2010, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: This paper examines the construction and the reconstruction of the concept of prisoner rehabilitation in the prison context since 1874 until today taking into account the way this concept was reflected in the law or the subsequent official documents. Some figures and trends are introduced into the discussion to help a better understanding of the concept. Rehabilitation is analyzed using a three pillars model: human capital, social capital and legitimate opportunities. Design/Methodology/Approach: The analysis mainly takes into account the primary and the secondary legislation although in order to illustrate different points statistical figures and research reports are also used. The article starts with the legislation adopted in 1874 and examines all prison legislation up to 2006, focusing particularly on prisoner rehabilitation. Findings: The article concludes that although a lot of progress took place in understanding rehabilitation from all three perspectives (human capital, social capital and legitimate opportunities) there is still room for improvement in developing legitimate opportunities for ex-prisoners. Research limitations: Although the difference between “law in theory” and “law in action” is acknowledged this articles looks mainly to the law texts. This might create a different picture of reality but nevertheless reflects the general perspective used in approaching prisoner rehabilitation. Somehow surprisingly, the subject of prisoner rehabilitation was central in almost all prison legislation although it was not always in line with the prevailing ideology. Practical implications: >As stated above, good and bad examples of behaviour transformation may be observed in the past legislation. The main policy implication is that there was a time when the issue of resettlement or aftercare was considered a penal policy issue. The current legislation is completely silent in this respect. Originality/Value: Prisoner rehabilitation is scrutinized from the historical perspective using a relatively new theoretical framework.
Ključne besede: prisoner, rehabilitation, social capital, human capital, opportunity system, Romania
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.05.2020; Ogledov: 502; Prenosov: 27
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3.
Prisoners' rehabilitation in Hungary : struggling ideals, lacking resources
David Vig, 2010, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: This paper examines the development of ideal prisoner rehabilitation in a historical and legal point of view. The concept of rehabilitation is not only examined in legal texts and official documents. Furthermore the activity of the prison administration is also examined and the paper presents practical examples. Design/Methodology/Approach: The analysis mainly takes into account the primary and the secondary legislation although in order to illustrate different points, statistical figures, research reports and interviews with members of staff and experts are also used. The article starts with legislation from the 19th century and examines all prison legislation up to the present, focusing particularly on prisoner rehabilitation. The analysis covers the examination of the struggling ideals in prison policy. Findings: The article concludes that after 20 years of democracy there is no steady and predictable prison policy. The principles of the reforms are not clear, the struggling ideals and lack of resources prevent the prison system from fundamental reforms. Although a lot of progress has been made, there is still space for improvement in the field of rehabilitation. Research limitations: The prison system is measured mostly by quantitative methods and the data is sometimes not available publicly. This ‘restricted access’ to information and the discrepancy between the ‘law in practice’ and the ‘written law’ on which a great part of the examination is based may lead to a slightly different picture of reality. This was eased with ‘soft’ research methods as consultations with experts. Practical implications: The main policy recommendations are that there is a need for a steady and predictable prison policy but not necessarily by more funding, rather the concentration of resources for convicted offenders whose liberty has to be deprived necessarily. This could be reached by a decrease in the prison population and the use of alternative sanctions. Originality/Value: Prisoner rehabilitation is scrutinized from the historical perspective and the related information is compared to the written law.
Ključne besede: prisoner, rehabilitation, prison policy, prison system, Hungary
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.05.2020; Ogledov: 443; Prenosov: 30
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4.
Prisoner rehabilitation in Croatia
Irma Kovčo Vukadin, Vladimira Žakman-Ban, Anita Jandrić Nišević, 2010, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Namen prispevka: This paper gives an analitical overview of historical development and contemporary picture of the concept of prisoner rehabilitation in Croatia within current crime and punishment perspective. Metodologija: For the purpose of the analysis, legislative documents were taken into account, as well as data on crime and punishment (Croatian Bureau of Statistics) and Ministry of justice and Ombudsman reports. Ugotovitve: The authors have found that Croatia has a modern legal frame for meeting all internationally recognized prerequisits for prisoners’ rehabilitation and reintegration but has to solve overcrowding as the main source of many problems in organizing adequate prison life for prisoners and also for the staff. Adequate staffing and incorporation of evaluation plans in special rehabilitation programs were also pointed out as important tasks. Omejitve raziskave: Examination of history of prisoner rehabilitation is sometimes problematic while the laws were rehabilitation oriented (on declarative level) but those who experienced that „law in action“ rarely agreed with that declaration. This may also be the result of different meaning of the term „rehabilitation“ (specially for certain types of prisoners) in different political climates. Praktična uporabnost: This paper showed that concept of rehabilitation may vary at definition level. Also, it prooved that some current elements of the execution of prison sentence (as a part of rehabilitation) have a long history. Izvirnost/pomembnost prispevka: This paper provides a first attempt (to authors knowledge) of Croatian prisoner rehabilitation evaluation.
Ključne besede: prisoner rehabilitation, prison system, special rehabilitation programs, Croatia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 04.06.2012; Ogledov: 1568; Prenosov: 50
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