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The effect of a material's heterogeneity on the stress and strain distribution in the vicinity of a crack front
Dražan Kozak, Nenad Gubeljak, Jelena Vojvodič-Tuma, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: In this investigation a high-strength low-alloyed (HSLA) steel of the 700-MPa strength class was used as a base material. A butt-welded joint with X grooves was produced with an overmatched weld metal that had a yield strength 23 % greater than that of the base material. Three-point bending B x 2B test specimens (thickness B = 36 mm) were extracted from the welded joints. The straight crack front (a0 = 35,571 mm) crosses different microstructures through the thickness of the specimen. Both fracture-mechanics tests and a 3D finite-element analysis were performed. The CTOD parameter of the fracture toughness was measured and calculated numerically. The loading level at which stable crack growth occurred was also determined. The comparison of the experimental and numerical values of the CTOD (bs) displacements showed good agreement. The principal stress, ▫$/delta_{y}$▫, the Mises equivalent stress, ▫$/delta_{eq}$▫. and the plastic equivalent strain, ▫$/epsilon_{pl, eq}$▫, at the moment of crack initiation were studied for six equidistant layers from the surface to the mid-thickness of the specimen. The dependence of the crack-opening stress (denoted as ax in this paper) on the local fracture-toughness value was considered as the parameter which determines the direction of the crack-front propagation. The results show that the lower strength of the base metal contributes to the crack-path deviation in the mid-thickness of the specimen. Both the crack-path deviation and the higher toughness of the base metal increase the critical fracture toughness value of the welded joint.
Keywords: trdnost spoja z večjo trdnostjo vara, razpoka, porazdelitev napetosti, porazdelitev deformacij, analiza končnih elementov
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 828; Downloads: 66
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Stress-strain analysis of an abutment tooth with rest seat prepared in a composite restoration
Ljiljana Tihaček Šojić, Aleksandra M Lemić, Dragoslav Stamenković, Vojkan Lazić, Rebeka Rudolf, Aleksandar Todorović, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: Placing a composite restoration on abutments for the removable of partial dentures gives favorable aesthetic results with minimal intervention. The objective of this paper is to analyze the stress distribution of a tooth with occlusal rest-seat preparation in the composite and compare it to the biomechanical behavior of an intact tooth, assuming that the stress and strain distribution throughout the intact tooth provides the control scenario. For this finite-element study two different models were designed. The first model was the three-dimensional (3D) model of an intact tooth, and the other one was a 3D model of a tooth with a composite restoration and an appropriate occlusal rest-seat preparation. Load stimulations were performed when the rest was fully seated on its corresponding rest seat and abutment tooth in order to obtain data about the biomechanical behavior of the abutment tooth compared to the intact toothćs stress-distribution pattern. The results of our analyses are presented and analyzed qualitatively. The occlusal loading effect along the sound tooth exhibits a wider high-stress area, localized in correspondence with the occlusal enamel, than the restored teeth. This is due to the rigidity of the enamel. The reduction in the stress values occurs in the composite restoration, which is less rigid. Its lower rigidity allows larger cusp movements. The stress-distribution pattern of the restored tooth with the rest seat showed that introducing an occlusal restoration does not differ from the intact tooth globally, but locally. Our findings indicate that the composite rest-seat restoration absorbs the loading, so reducing the stresses inside the tooth's structure.
Keywords: kompozitna opora, oporni zob, porazdelitev napetosti, FEM
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 901; Downloads: 68
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