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1.
Analytical gas sensing in the terahertz spectral range
Andreja Abina, Uroš Puc, Mojca Jazbinšek, Aleksander Zidanšek, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Exploiting the terahertz (THz) part of the electromagnetic spectrum is attracting attention in various scientific and applied disciplines worldwide. THz technology has also revealed its potential as an effective tool for gas analysis in astronomy, biomedicine and chemical analysis. Recently, it has also become important in environmental applications for monitoring hazardous and toxic gases in the atmosphere. This paper gives an overview of THz gas detection analytical methods for environmental and biomedical applications, starting with a brief introduction to THz technology and an explanation of the interaction of THz radiation with gaseous species and the atmosphere. The review focuses on several gaseous species and groups of air pollutants that have been or can be analysed by THz spectrometry. The review concludes that different but complementary THz detection methods allow unique detection, identification and quantification of gaseous and particulate air pollutants with high selectivity, specificity and sensitivity. THz detection methods also allow further technological improvements and open new application possibilities.
Ključne besede: terahertz spectroscopy, gas sensing, air pollution, environmental monitoring
Objavljeno v DKUM: 28.03.2024; Ogledov: 42; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,72 MB)
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2.
Assessment of Air Pollution in Different Areas (Urban, Suburban, and Rural) in Slovenia from 2017 to 2021
Maja Ivanovski, Kris Alatič, Danijela Urbancl, Marjana Simonič, Darko Goričanec, Rudi Vončina, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Air pollution can have a significant effect on human health. The present work is focused on the investigation of daily, monthly, and annual concentration levels of five typical air pollutants (SO2, NO2, NOX, PM10, and PM2.5) in the Republic of Slovenia (RS) from January 2017 to December 2021. The study was conducted at five different monitoring stations of the following kind: traffic (A), industrial (D), and background (B, C, E). The obtained results showed a decline in the average concentrations for all the studied air pollutants through the years, respectively. The daily average SO2 concentrations were the lowest in the year 2021 at location B, which is classified as background location, while the highest were detected in the year 2018 at location E, which is also classified as background location. The average daily concentrations of NO2 and NOX were the highest at location A in the year 2017, whereas the lowest were detected in the year 2010 and 2021. It is believed that those results are a consequence of measures set by the Slovenian government during the COVID-19 pandemic. The PM10 and PM2.5 daily average concentrations were the highest at location A in 2017, while the lowest were observed in the year 2019 at location C. Meteorological parameters (temperature, wind speed, and relative humidity) were studied in addition. In general, the high temperatures in ambient air are responsible for the intense concentrations of air pollutants. It was found in the study results for temperature, wind speed, and relative humidity that no significant difference was shown between studied years.
Ključne besede: air pollution, air quality, air pollutants, meteorology, Republic of Slovenia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 28.03.2024; Ogledov: 63; Prenosov: 6
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,30 MB)
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3.
Reviewing the narrative concerning the impact of population growth in Africa
Cocou Marius Mensah, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article discusses the topic of population growth in Africa, a recurring theme in the era of climate change and the fight against CO2 emissions. The African continent is full of essential raw materials and encompasses the youngest population in the world. There is no doubt concerning the significant role it will play in global affairs, at a time when the world population is ageing, according to the UN statistics. In recent years, many policymakers have highlighted the necessity to deal with overpopulation, provoking moral controversial and basic human rights abuses. This article, however, proposes an opposite argumentation based on fresh data and emphasises the opportunities and challenges to take on, as the author considers "overpopulation" as more of a challenge than a sentence to underdevelopment. Though the paper mentions different issues linked to overpopulation, such as migration crisis, ecological sustainability and the UN Sustainable Development Goals, it concludes with a reminder of the importance of international cooperation as a solution to global issues.
Ključne besede: global issues, impact of population growth, migration trends, international cooperation, pollution, African Union, European Union, UN sustainable development goals, environmental footprint
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.01.2021; Ogledov: 701; Prenosov: 14
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4.
Corrosion mechanisms for cemented soils in three different sulfate solutions
Pengju Han, Chao Ren, Xiaohong Bai, Frank Chen, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In order to simulate and study the corrosion effects on the compressive strength of cemented soils that could be exposed in a polluted environment, a series of tests were conducted on cemented soil blocks cured with different concentrations of H2SO4, MgSO4, and Na2SO4 solutions. The test results show that the corrosion degree generally increases with the corrosion time and the solution concentration, while the compressive strength decreases with the increasing corrosion degree. The corrosion degree is highest for the Na2SO4 solution, followed by the MgSO4 and H2SO4 solutions. Namely, when the SO4 2- ion exists in a solution, the corrosion degree for the positive ions follows this descending order: Na+, Mg2+, and H+. X-ray diffraction (XRD) phase analyses were performed for the cemented soil samples after corrosion and ionic concentrations. The results show that the compressive strength decreases with an increase of the Mg2+ concentration in the MgSO4 solution and the Na+ concentration in the Na2SO4 solution. At the same time, the strength increases with an increase of the pH value of the H2SO4 solution. Based on the chemical analysis results, the corrosion of H2SO4 or MgSO4 solutions on cemented soils is deemed as a composite action involving the combined resolving and crystallizing corrosion processes. Furthermore, the corrosion of the Na2SO4 solution of cemented soil is a composite action consisting of dissolving and crystallizing.
Ključne besede: cemented soil, compressive strength, corrosion mechanism, sulfate, pollution, solution
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.06.2018; Ogledov: 1574; Prenosov: 164
.pdf Celotno besedilo (305,84 KB)
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5.
Impact of objects of oil and gas branch on environment, means and methods of decrease in pollution of the atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere
Vladimir Permyakov, Vitaly Parfenov, Sergei Alexandrov, Yuri Sivkov, Arthur Nikiforov, 2016, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Ključne besede: environmental impact, oil, gas, pollution, atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere
Objavljeno v DKUM: 11.05.2018; Ogledov: 1674; Prenosov: 74
.pdf Celotno besedilo (487,71 KB)
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6.
Technological systems (TS) waste minimization, waste-free and environmentally friendly production
Manuela Ingaldi, Dorota Klimecka-Tatar, 2016, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Ključne besede: technological systems, waste management, emission, pollution, companies
Objavljeno v DKUM: 11.05.2018; Ogledov: 1813; Prenosov: 71
.pdf Celotno besedilo (772,32 KB)
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7.
Infrastructure planning and environmental protection : case study of Slovakia
Marián Gogola, Daniela Durcanska, Marta Hocova, 2016, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Ključne besede: infrastructure planning, environmental protection, air pollution, transportation, traffic, emissions, Slovakia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.05.2018; Ogledov: 8072; Prenosov: 87
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,21 MB)
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8.
Environmental management & audit 4: Environmental assessment - featured articles : Tempus project Recoaud
2016, znanstvena monografija

Opis: The present scientific monograph, entitled “Environmental management & audit“, is the result of three years’ work on an international project entitled “Environmental management in Russian companies – retraining courses for the sensibilization for and integration of Eco-Audit programs in corporate decision-making (RECOAUD)”. Within its more than 600 pages, the monograph features interesting texts written by 31 authors from the European Union and the Russian Federation, edited by dr. Borut Jereb, Darja Kukovič and dr. Daria Meyr. The monograph “Environmental management & audit“ is composed of four books: “Scarcity and Introduction of Environmental Management”, “Management Systems”, “Controlling and Stakeholders”, and “Environmental Assessment” (Featured Articles). These four topics reflect the complexity, heterogeneity and multidisciplinary of the project Tempus RECOAUD. The reader of the monograph gets a comprehensive overview of theoretical perspectives of environmental management and audit in the chosen areas. Furthermore, the monograph also highlights the results of research in the field of environmental management and audit as well as trends and challenges in the development of this field. Providing insight into theoretical and research findings, the monograph will prove useful to both practitioners and researchers in the field of environmental management and audit; it can also be used for study purposes.
Ključne besede: logistics, environment, climate change adaptation, sustainability, reverse logistics, life cycle assessment, environmental impact assessment, waste management, oil industry, gas industry, pollution
Objavljeno v DKUM: 09.05.2018; Ogledov: 1962; Prenosov: 123
.pdf Celotno besedilo (5,51 MB)
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9.
Management of soil as a natural resource in the Savinjska statistical region in Slovenia
Milena Petauer, 2010, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Animals, plants and microorganisms could not exist without soil, because without it life on Earth would not be possible. Thus we should always be concerned with preserving the soil condition. This should be a personal, a municipal, as well as a national concern. Nevertheless, the role of soil is not sufficiently incorporated into the planning of sustainable development of the Savinjska statistical region, therefore more active approaches are needed in the field of soil management and protection (education, research, raising public awareness, soil protection programs, soil related educational excursions, etc.).
Ključne besede: pedogeography, natural resources, soil pollution, land use, Slovenia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 29.03.2018; Ogledov: 1127; Prenosov: 134
.pdf Celotno besedilo (174,28 KB)
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10.
Sensing heavy metals using mesoporous-based optical chemical sensors
Špela Korent Urek, Nina Frančič, Matejka Turel, Aleksandra Lobnik, 2013, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Heavymetal pollution is one of the more serious environmental problems; therefore, there is a constant demand for the development of new analytical tools for its monitoring. An optical chemical sensor represents a good alternative to classical instrumental methods.The mesoporous materials used in optical chemical sensorsʼ fabrications have properties such as high porosity, exceptional adsorption capacity, tuneable 3D shape, geometry, and morphology, which enable improved limit of detection, response time, and selectivity properties of optical sensors. In this review, we firstly present the properties of mesoporous materials, provide a brief description of sensing mechanisms, and briefly discuss the importance of continuous monitoring. Recent advances in those mesoporous silica-based optical sensors used for heavy metal detection have been reported and their advantages and limitations also discussed. This review covers publications that have appeared since 2008.
Ključne besede: heavy metals, magnetic properties, structural properties, heavy metal pollution
Objavljeno v DKUM: 14.06.2017; Ogledov: 2748; Prenosov: 335
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,19 MB)
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