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1.
Eco-finishing of cotton with chitosan and giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea Aiton) aqueous extract for development of antioxidant and UV protective textiles
Sebastijan Šmid, Anja Verbič, Lidija Fras Zemljič, Marija Gorjanc, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Giant goldenrod (S. gigantea Aiton) is considered an invasive weed in Europe, Asia, Australia, and New Zealand. In this research, the untreated and chitosan-treated cotton fabrics were functionalized with goldenrod inflorescences aqueous extract, at room temperature and 95°C. Zeta potential of fabrics was determined as a function of pH and the results showed an increased isoelectric point from 2.50 to 5.25 and amphoteric character of the chitosan-treated sample. The antioxidant activity (AA) of extract and functionalized fabrics was determined using DPPH analysis, while color and ultraviolet protection factor (UPF) were determined spectroscopically before and after wash and lightfastness testing. The chitosan pretreatment and dyeing of cotton at higher temperature increased AA (from 41.19 ± 0.28 to 56.08 ± 0.25), UPF (from 33.05 to 51.59) and color strength (K/S) (from 1.74 to 2.21), providing dyed cotton with excellent UV protection and a free radical inhibition activity. The samples had good wash fastness in terms of color (ΔEab* < 1), but not in terms of UV protection (UPF value decreased after washing to 23.47). The overall lightfastness was good to excellent (the UPF values of chitosan and dyed samples did not change much after lightfastness test (UPF = 51.75).
Ključne besede: Goldenrod, invasive plant, eco-functionalisation, cotton, antioxidant activity, UV protection
Objavljeno v DKUM: 25.03.2024; Ogledov: 196; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,89 MB)
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2.
Development of a “0-Pesticide Residue” grape and wine production system for standard disease-susceptible varieties
Mihaela Roškarič, Andrej Paušič, Janez Valdhuber, Mario Lešnik, Borut Pulko, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In order to realize the goals of the EU Farm to Fork strategy, grape growers are introducing new grape-growing technologies. Among the new trends, "0-pesticide residue" protection is quite a promising one. Field trials were carried out in vineyards located in the Mediterranean part of Slovenia in 2021 and 2022 to test the "0-pesticide residue" (ZPR) grape protection system with the goal of producing wine without pesticide residues above the limit of 0.001 mg kg(-1). The standard integrated grape protection program (IP) was compared to the ZPR program. The level of infection of leaves and grapes by fungal pathogens did not significantly increase due to the implementation of the ZPR spray program. The amount of yield and quality of yield were not decreased significantly, but a small financial loss of EUR 70-400 ha(-1) appeared at ZPR grape production when compared to the IP production system. The ZPR system enabled a significant decrease in pesticide residue concentration in wine at a rate of 27 applied pesticide active substances in a rage from 20% to 99%. The goal of producing wine without pesticide residues above the limit concentration of 0.001 mg kg(-1) was not completely achieved in these experiments, but we came very close to it with the tested spraying programs. Further finetuning of pesticide positioning and alternative plant protection products in 0-pesticide residue systems is needed.
Ključne besede: grape, wine, pesticide, reduction, economics, IPM, alternative plant protection products
Objavljeno v DKUM: 09.02.2024; Ogledov: 324; Prenosov: 12
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,04 MB)
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