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The impact of cultural capital on vaccine attitudes among the Slovenian public
Andrej Kirbiš, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Education and highbrow cultural participation—two dimensions of cultural capital—have previously been identified as determinants of vaccine attitudes, though the links have been mainly inconsistent across studies. The present quantitative study aimed to examine the effects of two dimensions of cultural capital (institutionalized and embodied cultural capital) on the pro-vaccine attitudes of the Slovenian public. A cross-sectional quantitative study was performed in November 2019, a few months prior to the COVID-19 pandemic. The non-probability sample survey was collected by inviting respondents over the age of 18 to participate using the snowball technique via e-mail, digital social networks (Facebook, Twitter and Instagram) and University of Maribor social network profiles. The sample was obtained through an online survey tool 1ka.si (N = 661; Mage = 34.9 years). The impact of education and highbrow cultural participation on vaccine attitudes was examined, controlling for sociodemographic variables (gender, age and size of residential settlement) and economic variables (income and family economic status) in multivariate analyses. Bivariate analyses indicated that pro-vaccine attitudes were significantly more likely to be expressed by men, younger respondents, those with lower incomes, higher perceived family economic status, living in urban areas and by those who are more frequently engaged in highbrow cultural activities, while education had no impact on vaccine attitudes. The results did not substantially change when multiple regression models were employed. Our study indicated that cultural capital has an inconsistent impact on vaccine attitudes; while education has no impact, highbrow cultural participation increases pro-vaccine attitudes. The results suggest a multi-type approach is needed to address vaccine scepticism among the Slovenian public.
Ključne besede: cultural capital, vaccine attitudes, vaccine hesitancy, education, cultural participation
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.04.2024; Ogledov: 48; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (301,80 KB)
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Physical health conditions and political participation in Europe : the moderating efects of age
Andrej Kirbiš, Mikko Mattila, Lauri Rapeli, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Unequal political participation is widely considered a problem of democratic representation. Citizens with fewer resources typically report lower levels of participation. Lack of good health has been identifed as one barrier to participation. However, poor health may have heterogeneous impacts on participation, depending on the type of health issue. Moreover, poor health may afect participation patterns differently, depending on age. Previous research has not yet systematically examined these issues. We address these gaps by using European Social Survey data, which includes self-reports of a variety of physical health conditions and engagement in diferent forms of political participation. The results show that most physical health conditions are related to political participation; however, except for turnout, physical health problems mobilize individuals into action. This efect is strongest among younger individuals, and the health gap in participation evens out in later life. The condition-specifc efects are similar across diferent forms of physical health conditions. Our fndings are consistent with the grievance and identity theories of political participation. Younger citizens, in particular, may experience poor health or physical impairment as unjust and are then mobilized into political action. We discuss the implications for the broader understanding of mechanisms behind political behavior and suggest that health problems are often a motivator for political action rather than an obstacle.
Ključne besede: health, political participation, social inequalities, youth, age, physical health, turnout
Objavljeno v DKUM: 09.02.2024; Ogledov: 127; Prenosov: 7
.pdf Celotno besedilo (786,44 KB)
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Dimensions of decision-making process quality and company performance : a study of top managers in Slovenia
Damjan Grušovnik, Alenka Kavkler, Duško Uršič, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper investigates the relationship between the dimensions of the decision-making process quality and company performance of top managers’ in Slovenia. We found out that companies whose managers exhibit an above-average dimension of openness of spirit in the quality of the decision making process, on average, have a higher stance on foreign markets as companies in which managers show a below-average open spirit. For the managers who work in companies that are present in foreign markets, we could confirm that there is a low/weak correlation between the dimension of effort of the decision-making process quality and the number of employees in a company.
Ključne besede: quality of the decision-making process, rationality, motivation, participation, exhaustivity of the information, managers effort, creativity and innovativeness, company stakeholders, company performance
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.05.2018; Ogledov: 1497; Prenosov: 186
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,27 MB)
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Role of livestock husbandry on rural transformation in North India : a case study
Asif Iqubal, 2010, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Livestock husbandry is an important source of economic activity in the agricultural sector contributing a major portion of GDP to India and improving the socio-economic conditions for people in general and rural people in particular. Livestock husbandry has been practiced, usually in rural areas, since ancient times. The increasing urbanization of the growing popula- tion and the changing food habits of people has enhanced the demand of livestock products worldwide. Thus, the world’s livestock sector is growing at an unprecedented rate in developing countries. India is one developing country that shares the largest number of livestock and has a top position in milk production in the world. The livestock in India with 185 million cattle and 98 million buffaloes possesses 20% of the world’s bovine and 14% of the world's cattle population. A micro level geographical area known as Aligarh district in north India has been selected for study. The data regarding various aspects of livestock husbandry at the grass roots level is not available in recorded form. 12 villages from the district have been selected for field survey to generate data regarding the socio economic transformation of rural people in the study region. The study revealed that livestock husbandry shows upward dynamism in terms of numbers. A positive growth of 7.5% livestock as a whole has been observed through the data analysis of two points of time i.e. 1993 and 2003. 83% of the workforce of households surveyed in the rural areas is found to be involved directly or indirectly in livestock husbandry, and it is practiced by landless, marginal and small farmers particularly.
Ključne besede: livestock, women's participation, employment, economic viability
Objavljeno v DKUM: 29.03.2018; Ogledov: 1068; Prenosov: 119
.pdf Celotno besedilo (155,26 KB)
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Managing customer participation and customer interactions in service delivery : the case of museums and educational services
Marlene Amorim, Maria João Rosa, Sandra Santos, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background and Purpose – In this study we investigate determinants of customers’ quality perceptions in service processes which involve customer participation and customer to customer interaction (CCI). Building on existing multidimensional approaches to service quality we explore relevant quality aspects for related to the performance customer participation and CCI. Design/Methodology/Approach – The study builds on focus groups conduct with employees and customers of a leading provider of educational and science services, which offered a portfolio of service activities requiring very diverse levels of customer participation and CCI, to characterize service quality dimensions. Results – The study distinguishes three dimensions of service delivery quality: a dimension related to the providers’ direct performance; a second dimension relative to the performance of customers’ own participation in service activities, and a third dimension relative to the interaction with other customers. The work extends service quality literature by identifying new dimensions which affect service quality in service settings with active customer involvement. Conclusion – Service providers have been developing very diverse delivery processes, frequently inviting customers to have active roles in service production. Often, customers also interact with other costumers in service delivery. The paper provides a contribution to foster the debate about service quality frameworks, and aims to inform the design and the management of services where customer participation and CCI have a key role.
Ključne besede: service quality, customer participation, customer-to customer interaction
Objavljeno v DKUM: 04.12.2017; Ogledov: 1040; Prenosov: 174
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,03 MB)
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The level of youth activism : case study of the city of Belgrade
Tatjana Borojević, Drago Vuk, Nataša Petrović, Dragoslav Slović, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: During the period from 2007 to 2014, and in addition to huge institutional changes, large steps were taken in the field of youth policy in the Republic of Serbia in order to create national resources which would have influence on the improvement of the youth status and life. On the other hand, the practice shows that the existence of the national framework for youth support, as a local service network intended for youths, is not a crucial prerequisite to change the current situation when it comes to improving the quality of life of young people, but that the existence of the critical level of youth activism is a key driving force that leads to changes. This paper presents an overview of the level of youth activism in the city of Belgrade. The results show that young people accept a proactive attitude to life when it comes to their personal or family problems and issues whilst the engagement in the social field and especially a political one are not seen as a preferable type of behaviour.
Ključne besede: youth, youth activism, participation, level of youth activism
Objavljeno v DKUM: 20.11.2017; Ogledov: 1092; Prenosov: 165
.pdf Celotno besedilo (951,02 KB)
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Ethnic minorities and political participation: a comparative study of Post-Yugoslav countries
Marina Tavčar Krajnc, Sergej Flere, Andrej Kirbiš, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Understanding patterns of political participation of ethnic minorities is crucial for their integration within postcommunist European countries most of which are ethnically complex and with histories of conflicts. Past research on the relationship between political participation and ethnicity in the democracies has given mixed results and there seems to be a research gap in the literature regarding the patterns of political participation of minorities in postcommunist states. The present study examined differences on two measures of political participation in a representative sample of post-Yugoslav citizens. Employed data source was the South-East European Social Survey Project (SEESSP), fielded in 2003 and 2004. The SEESSP covered six former Yugoslav entities (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, FYR Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia). Results indicated that ethnic minorities had lower levels of electoral participation in four out of six analysed political entities, and had lower levels of party membership in three countries. In addition, a significant voter turnout gap existed among different minorities within individual countries. Finally, no major differences in motives behind political participation were found when comparing the association between authoritarian attitudes and political participation within majority and minority groups. Implications of the results are discussed.
Ključne besede: political participation, political culture, post-Yugoslav societies, cross-national studies, ethnic minorities, democratization
Objavljeno v DKUM: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 2262; Prenosov: 363
.pdf Celotno besedilo (362,32 KB)
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