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The Influence of Usernames on the Perception of Gender in Online Communication
Alen Vugrinec, 2018, master's thesis

Abstract: The aims of this master´s thesis are to determine how certain usernames influence the perception of gender on online communication and to identify possible differences between the language of men and women used in online communication in the form of a forum. The theoretical part discusses at first the internet in general; its origins, how communication came to be on it, the characteristics of internet language and differences between communication in real-life and online. Then we turn our attention to differences between the language of men and women, which can occur in either face-to-face (or written) communication or in online communication in general. The empirical part focuses on the experiment conducted for the purpose of this thesis. This part of the thesis contains the methods of the experiment, the details of it, the analysis of the communication happening on the forum and the analysis of the questionnaires given to the participants of the experiment. This is followed by the discussion of the findings/results and the concluding thoughts. The findings of the study confirm all the hypotheses set in the thesis, i.e.: Hypothesis 1: the majority of the participants will not be able to guess correctly the gender of other participants in conversations with made-up usernames (Discussion 2). Hypothesis 2: there will be differences between the language of men and women in both types of conversations regardless of the type of username used. Hypothesis 3: participants regardless of gender will add more contributions to the forum in conversations with made-up usernames (Discussion 2) because of the anonymity.
Keywords: internet, online communication, language, username(s), difference, influence, experiment, men´s and women´s language, gender.
Published in DKUM: 23.11.2018; Views: 1000; Downloads: 116
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A simplified method to analyze pile-supported and geosynthetic-reinforced embankments and the influence significance analysis of the design parameters
Liu Feicheng, Zhang Jianjing, Yan Shijie, Cao Licong, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: A simplified method for evaluating a pile-supported embankment reinforced with geosynthetic (PGRS embankment) is proposed in this paper. The method takes into account not only the arching effect, the membrane effect of the deflected geosynthetic, and the subsoil reaction, but also the pile head settlement, which makes the method applicable for floating piles, as well as piles seated on a firm soil layer. The settlement of the subsoil surface is considered to consist of two parts: (a) the settlement of the subsoil surface equals that of the pile cap with no deformation in geosynthetic yet; (b) the subsoil surface subsides along with the geosynthetic deforming, and the deflected geosynthetic being considered as catenary shaped. The formula for the maximum differential settlement between the subsoil surface and the piles is worked out by analyzing the force equilibrium of the geosynthetic and the stress-strain relationship of the geosynthetic at the edge of the pile cap. The comparison of the calculated results with the observed data and the six current analytical methods has been implemented to verify the proposed method. The influence of the tensile stiffness of the geosynthetic, compression modulus of soft soil, soft soil thickness, embankment height, internal friction angle of the embankment fill and the pile spacing on the subsoil reaction, the stress concentration ratio (SCR) and the tension of the geosynthetic are investigated using the proposed method. The influence significance of these factors has been investigated using the evaluation theory of binary variance analysis for the non-repeatability tests, which helps optimize the design of the PGRS embankment.
Keywords: pile-supported embankment, geosynthetic, simplified method, influence significance, binary variance analysis
Published in DKUM: 11.10.2018; Views: 939; Downloads: 427
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The political use of the figure of John Coltrane in American poetry
Samo Šalamon, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: John Coltrane, one of the most influential and important musicians and composers of the 20th century, began to inspire jazz musicians and American poets in the 1960s with the Black Arts Movement poets. His music was interpreted and used for the promotion of political ideas in the poetics of Amiri Baraka, Sonia Sanchez, Askia Muhammad Toure, Larry Neal and others. Thisis the political Coltrane poetry. On the other hand, Coltrane's music inspired another kind of poets, the musical poets, which began to emerge in the 1970s. In this case, the poetry reflects the true nature of Coltrane's spiritual music quest. The poets belonging to this group, like Michael S. Harper, William Matthews, Jean Valentine, Cornelius Eady, Philip Levine, Nathaniel Mackey and others, go beyond politics, beyond race or gender. In this essay I will investigate the first type of Coltrane poetry, where Coltrane's music was used to promote the political ideas of the Black Art Movements in connection with the political movement of Malcolm X. These poets changed, rearticulated and shifted Coltrane's spiritually musical message towards the principles of the black nationalism.
Keywords: American literature, American poetry, jazz, Afro-American poetry, Black Arts Movement, politics, jazz poetry, Black Arts Movement, influence of music on poetry, John Coltrane, Amiri Baraka, Sonia Sanchez
Published in DKUM: 16.05.2017; Views: 902; Downloads: 340
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Globalization: The Influence of English on the Language of Macedonian and Slovene Students
Emi Nikolovska, 2016, master's thesis

Abstract: Globalization influences economic development political systems, the environment, languages and cultures as well as many other aspects of societies worldwide. Language has become an integral and very sensitive element in the process of globalization; therefore globalization related issues cannot be discussed without the analysis of language changes. Today the English is a means of mutual communication of the emerging global culture spread by international trade and relations, the internet, science, literature, sports and entertainment. The influence of the English language on Macedonian and Slovene is evident on almost all linguistic levels. The main goal of this thesis is to present the influence that English has on the language of Macedonian and Slovene students. The research is focused on the analysis of undergraduate theses in order to indicate the linguistic levels where the influence is most evident and frequent. Additionally, as part of the research, I have prepared questionnaires distributed among students currently studying at major universities in Macedonia and Slovenia. The results show that the most affected linguistic levels are vocabulary and orthography. Furthermore, the results point to the necessity of enriching the technological terminology in both languages of interest. Students do not have negative attitudes toward the expansion of English; on the contrary they believe that it provides certain benefits (education, career, international communication). Macedonian and Slovene are not threatened by the spread of the English language, but that does not mean that we should stop protecting our linguistic heritage and indulge in indiscriminate use of words borrowed from English.
Keywords: globalization, global language, influence, English, students, word borrowing
Published in DKUM: 05.10.2016; Views: 1447; Downloads: 163
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Spremljanje virusa gripe po svetu v zadnjih petih letih preko različnih baz podatkov
Marko Plečko, 2014, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: V diplomskem delu smo obravnavali temo z naslovom spremljanje virusa influence ali gripe po svetu v zadnjih petih letih preko različnih baz podatkov. Predstavili smo viruse influence in raziskali preko različnih baz podatkov pojavljanje virusov influence tipa A v naključno izbranih severnih, tropskih in južnih državah sveta, skozi celo leto v zadnjih petih letih. Namen diplomskega dela je tudi raziskati, kdaj in kje je tip virusov influence A v določenem letnem času bolj v porastu. Naš cilj je opisati viruse influence. Podatke smo zbirali preko različnih baz podatkov Svetovne zdravstvene organizacije (SZO), Evropskega centra za preprečevanje in kontrolo bolezni in nacionalni inštitut za javno zdravje za podatke o republiki Sloveniji. Za severne države sveta smo naključno izbrali Kanado, Francijo in Japonsko, iz tropskega predela sveta smo izbrali Kolumbijo, Kenijo in Tajsko, iz južnega pa Avstralijo, Čile in Južno Afriko. Ugotovili smo, da se virusi influence A najpogosteje pojavljajo v severnem delu sveta, pojavnost virusov pa je povezana tudi z izbruhi pandemij in epidemij gripe. Večina zabeleženih okužb je bila v zimskih mesecih. Menimo, da bi okužbe lahko precej zmanjšali z ukrepi kot so kašljanje in kihanje v robček, umivanje rok, ter čim večjo precepljenostjo proti virusom influence. Potrebna bi bila tudi stalna izobraževanja zdravstvenih delavcev, da vedo kako ravnati v primeru večjega izbruha oziroma pandemije gripe.
Keywords: influenca, virusi influence, pandemija
Published in DKUM: 10.12.2014; Views: 1839; Downloads: 235
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Petra Matko, 2013, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: Language is an important means of communication and an integral part of each person’s identity. Different social groups use different language varieties such as slang, jargon and argot. This paper concentrates on slang, the language which is popular among the youth and whose vocabulary is a subject of constant changes. Slang is a language variety which the young people use for expressing their feelings and beliefs about society in a different way. It is a spoken language; however it can be found in written form in electronic messages, short messages, lyrics and on numerous social network sites. The main aim was to analyze the use of slang in English and Slovene lyrics in three chosen music genres: pop, rock and rap music. Slang and its characteristics are described in the theoretical part. The focus is also on the use of slang in the Slovene language and on the influence of the English language on Slovene slang. In the empirical part, English and Slovene lyrics are classified into corresponding music genres. The results of analyzed slang words are presented and interpreted.
Keywords: Slang, influence of foreign languages, Slovene lyrics, English lyrics, music genres, youth
Published in DKUM: 18.04.2013; Views: 2574; Downloads: 185
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Response functions and thermal influence for various multiple borehole configurations in ground coupled heat pump systems
Metka Pešl, Darko Goričanec, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: Ground coupled heat pump (GCHP) utilizes the immense renewable storage capacity of the ground as a heat source or sink to provide space heating, cooling, and domestic hot water. GCHP systems are generally comprised of watersource heat pumps and ground heat exchangers (GHEs). Consisting of closedloop of pipes buried in boreholes, ground heat exchangers (GHEs) are devised for extraction or injection of thermal energy from/into the ground. Despite the low energy and lower maintenance benefits of ground-source heat pump systems, little work has been undertaken in detailed analysis. Many models, either numerical or analytical, have been proposed to analyze the thermal response of vertical heat exchangers that are used in ground coupled heat pump systems (GCHP). In both approaches, most of the models are valid after few hours of operation since they neglect the heat capacity of the borehole. In this paper, we present for three various multiple borehole configurations a comparison between g-functions, which will be calculated after an analytical model of final line source and g-functions, obtain with numerical model derived from the work of Eskilson. A case study is presented to show how the ground temperature changes with time for various multiple borehole configurations.
Keywords: geothermal heat exchanger, heat transfer, heat conduction, thermal influence
Published in DKUM: 31.05.2012; Views: 1644; Downloads: 41
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Experimental analysis of injection characteristics using biodiesel fuel
Breda Kegl, Aleš Hribernik, 2006, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper deals with injection characteristics using different fuels at different fuel temperatures. The fuels under consideration are neat biodiesel from rapeseed oil and some blends with diesel as well as neat mineral diesel D2. The fuel and fuel temperature influences are investigated experimentally in the mechanically controlled diesel fuel injection M system. At first, attention is focused on the injection characteristics, especially on fuelling, mean injection rate, mean injection pressure, injection timing, injection delay, and injection duration, which influence the most important engine characteristics. Furthermore, the influence of fuel temperature is investigated. On the basis of the measurements of pressure drop through the fuel filter, the minimum fuel temperature for safe engine operation is determined.
Keywords: internal combustion engines, fuel blends, biodiesel fuel, temperature influence, injection characteristics
Published in DKUM: 31.05.2012; Views: 1488; Downloads: 91
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Maja Rauter, 2012, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: English is the lingua franca of the world and it is as such affecting many languages; Slovene is no exception to this process. In the indirect contact between English and Slovene, the former is affecting the later in different areas, but the most receptive are the areas of media and the spoken discourse of young people. In the language of conversation of high school students in Slovenia, English is mostly used to fill lexical gaps, but lately it is also used in cases where there already exists a Slovene equivalent. This is a consequence of an increased influence of English on Slovene. There are some English words and phrases that are used by high school students independently of the fact where these students live, and there are some words and phrases that vary from city to city. Students of three different cities (Ljubljana, Maribor, and Murska Sobota) were included in the research sample. The purpose of this diploma paper was to find out the degree of students’ awareness of English influence on Slovene, to find the differences in the use of English among students living in different cities and to determine words and phrases that are most commonly used in the language of conversation of young people in Slovenia.
Keywords: the English language, the Slovene language, lingua franca, language influence, the language of conversation
Published in DKUM: 20.03.2012; Views: 2428; Downloads: 186
.pdf Full text (1,99 MB)

An Analysis of Slang in English and Slovene Teen Magazines
Polonca Volavšek, 2010, master's thesis

Abstract: The thesis is about slang in English and Slovene teen magazines. In the theoretical section, I present and comment on different definitions of slang. I describe the history of slang and development of slang dictionaries. In addition, I point out kinds of slang and the most frequently discussed misinterpretations about slang. I draw attention to features of slang, reasons for using slang and speakers’ attitude towards slang in comparison to other social varieties of a language. I also examine textese – the language of SMS messages. In the empirical section, I analyse slang in four English and three Slovene teen magazines and focus primarily on vocabulary and grammar. The results have confirmed my core hypothesis about the presence of slang in written language. I also hypothesize that slang influences changes in grammar, although they are not as transparent as vocabulary changes. These findings have partly confirmed my hypothesis. English teen magazines offer a wide rage of non-standard grammatical examples which show a correlation between slang and changes in slang grammar. However, I found no non-standard grammatical features of Slovene slang. Furthermore, the subject of my research was the presence of SMS messages in slang. The analysis has shown that some language elements of SMS messages appear in English and Slovene teen magazines. Besides, I was interested in the impact of foreign loanwords in English and Slovene slang. I established that there are only a few examples of German loanwords in English slang. On the contrary, I found a large number of English loanwords in Slovene slang.
Keywords: Slang, SMS messages, teen magazines, influence of slang on vocabulary and grammar.
Published in DKUM: 15.03.2012; Views: 3945; Downloads: 257
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