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A fundamental study of the performance of X-section cast-in-place concrete single piles
Yu Wang, Yaru Lv, Dongdong Zhang, Jieying Zhou, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: X-section cast-in-place concrete (XCC) piles are used because they have a higher bearing capacity than circularsection cast-in-place concrete (CCC) piles of the same cross-sectional area. Although the bearing capacity of XCC piles has been studied, the performance of XCC single piles, especially for the stress-transfer mechanism dependent on the geometrical effects, is still not fully understood. This paper reports two comparative field static load tests on an XCC and a CCC single pile of the same cross-sectional area. In addition, corresponding threedimensional numerical back-analyses are performed to provide a fundamental understanding. The measured and computed results reveal that the XCC single pile has an approximately 25% higher ultimate bearing capacity than the CCC single pile. This is because the XCC single pile has an approximately 20% larger total side resistance, which is caused by a 60% larger pile perimeter and a slightly smaller unit side resistance. Lateral soil arching effects are developed, causing a non-uniform effective normal stress and a shear stress across the circumference of the XCC single pile. It is suggested that XCC single piles have a higher efficiency in terms of material saving compared with CCC single piles.
Ključne besede: X-section cast-in-place concrete pile, field static load test, three-dimensional numerical back-analysis, stresstransfer mechanism, side resistance, soil arching
Objavljeno: 15.06.2018; Ogledov: 593; Prenosov: 30
.pdf Celotno besedilo (485,57 KB)
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Fatigue crack initiation and propagation in lotus-type porous material
Srečko Glodež, Sašo Dervarič, Janez Kramberger, Matjaž Šraml, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The investigation of fatigue strength of lotus-type structure with nodular cast iron as a base material using computational model is analysed in present study. The irregular pores distribution in transversal and longitudinal direction, regarding the external loading, is considered in the computational models. The complete fatigue process of analyzed porous structure is then divided into the crack initiation (Ni) and crack propagation (Np) period where the total fatigue life (N) is defined as: N = Ni + Np. The crack initiation period is determined using strain life approach where elastic-plastic numerical analysis is performed to obtain the total strain amplitude in the critical stress fields around the pores. The simplified universal slope method is then used to determine the number of stress cycles, Ni, required for formation of initial cracks. The number of stress cycles, Np, required for crack propagation from initial to the critical crack length is also numerically determined using finite element (FE) models, in the frame of Abaqus computation FEM code. The maximum tensile stress (MTS) criterion is considered when analyzing the crack path inside the porous structure. The performed computational analyses show that stress concentrations around individual pores are higher when external loading is acting in transversal direction in respect to the pore distribution. Therefore, further computational analyses regarding crack initiation and crack propagation period have been done only for pores distribution in transversal direction.
Ključne besede: lotus-type porous structures, fatigue crack initiation, fatigue crack propagation, numerical analysis
Objavljeno: 02.08.2017; Ogledov: 547; Prenosov: 279
.pdf Celotno besedilo (4,75 MB)
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Numerical analysis of temperature field during hardfacing process and comparison with experimental results
Vukić Lazić, Ivana Ivanović, Aleksandar Sedmak, Rebeka Rudolf, Mirjana Lazić, Zoran Radaković, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The three-dimensional transient nonlinear thermal analysis of the hard facing process is performed by using the finite element method. The simulations were executed on the open source Salome platform using the open source finite element solver Code Aster. The Gaussian double ellipsoid was selected in order to enable greater possibilities for the calculation of the moving heat source. The numerical results were compared with available experimental results.
Ključne besede: welding simulations, numerical analysis, thermal analysis, simulations, transient heat conduction, moving heat source
Objavljeno: 07.07.2017; Ogledov: 517; Prenosov: 288
.pdf Celotno besedilo (975,43 KB)
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The influence of surface coatings on the tooth tip deflection of polymer gears
Boštjan Trobentar, Srečko Glodež, Jože Flašker, Boštjan Zafošnik, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: When designing gear drives made of polymer, the tooth tip deflection is a crucial parameter in respect to the proper gear drive operation. Excessive tooth tip deflection can lead to serious disturbances of gear meshing and consequently to increased noise and wear of the teeth flanks. In such cases the tooth tip deflection can be reduced through the use of stiff surface coatings on the tooth flanks. In this paper the influence of different coating materials and thicknesses on the tooth tip deflection of polymer gears is analysed using comprehensive finite element computational analysis. The numerical results obtained are then used to define an approximate equation for the calculation of gear tooth tip deflection for the coating material used and the thickness of the surface coating layer. The results show that the tooth tip deflection decreases with large values of the coating material Young’s modulus and with the coating layer thickness.
Ključne besede: polymer gears, surface coatings, tooth deflection, numerical analysis
Objavljeno: 27.03.2017; Ogledov: 655; Prenosov: 283
.pdf Celotno besedilo (578,86 KB)
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On new approach to rheological modeling of an electrostatic ash and water - quadratic law
Primož Ternik, 2002, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: In the paper a new rheological model for an electrostatic ash and water mixture is proposed. The fundamental equation of the rheological model was used to determine the relationship between the shear stress and the shear rate as well as the equation of a velocity profile for the flow through a straight pipe. Experimental results obtained from a capillary viscometer were used as the basis to determine the parameters for the proposed model by the non-linear regression analysis. With the Quadratic law a numerical analysis of a mixture flow through a capillary pipe with the finite volume method was performed. The derived equations for the velocity profile, shear stress and shear rate were validated through a comparison of numerically obtained and theoretical results. Finally, the compariosn between the Quadratic and the Power law is presented.
Ključne besede: fluid mechanics, non-Newtonian fluids, mixture of electrofilter ash and water, flow in pipes, capillary pipes, rheological model, velocity profile, shear stress, finite volume method, numerical analysis, quadratic law, power law, mehanika fluidov
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1607; Prenosov: 26
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Numerical modelling of micro-pitting of gear teeth flanks
Gorazd Fajdiga, Jože Flašker, Srečko Glodež, Trevor K. Hellen, 2003, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A two-dimensional computational model for simulation of contact fatigue of gear teeth flanks is presented. In the model, it is assumed that the initial crack of length 0.015 mm is initiated at the surface due to previous mechanical or heat treatment of the material as well as a consequence of the running in process. The discretized model with the initial crack is then subjected to normal contact pressure, which takes into account the elasto-hydro-dynamic (EHD) lubrication conditions, and tangential loading due to friction between contacting surfaces. The model also considers the moving contact of gear flanks, fluid trapped in the crack and residual stresses due to heat treatment of the material on crack propagation. The virtual crack extension (VCE) method, implemented in the finite element method, is then usedfor simulating the fatigue crack growth from the initial crack up to the formation of the surface pit. The computational results show that the initial surface crack of length 15 m and the considered boundary conditions lead to the appearance of very small surface pits, which can be termed as micro-pitting on gear teeth flanks. The numerical results correspond well withavailable experimental data.
Ključne besede: machine elements, gearing, fracture mechanics, numerical analysis, micro pitting, pitting simulation, matematical model, fatigue, contact mechanics, crack propagation
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1767; Prenosov: 0

The re-characterisation of complex defects
Boštjan Bezenšek, John. W. Hancock, 2004, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The re-characterisation of complex defects with re-entrant sectors has been addressed for cracks extending by fatigue, ductile tearing and cleavage. In Part I crack extension by fatigue and ductile tearing was discussed. In Part II cleavage data are presented for a family of complex defects with re-entrantsectors. Experimental tests on complex and re-characterised profilesare analysed using deterministic and probabilistic approaches. The work addresses the conservatism of re-characterisation procedures when appliedto cleavage failure on the lower shelf and in the ductile-brittle transition.
Ključne besede: fracture mechanics, structural elements, complex defects, recharacterisation, line-spring analysis, cleavage failure, constraint, statistical fracture mechanics, numerical analysis
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 832; Prenosov: 78
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The re-characterisation of complex defects
Boštjan Bezenšek, John. W. Hancock, 2004, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Defect assessment codes idealise complex defects as simple shapes which are amenable to analysis in a process known as re-characterisation. The present work examines the re-characterisation of complex defects which extend by fatigue, ductile tearing or cleavage. A family of representative defects were analysed numerically, while a related experimental programme investigated defect interaction and failure. Part I of the paper focuses on fatigue and ductile tearing. Part II examines cleavage. The numerical and experimental results are discussed within the context of the re-characterisation proceduresdescribed in BS 7910 (Guidance on methods for assessing the acceptability of flaws in metallic structures. London, UK: British Standard Institution; 1999 [Chapter 7] and R6/4 (Assessment of the integrity of structures containing defects. Gloucester: British Energy Generation Ltd.; 2001 [Revision 4, Chapters I and II.3]). The level of conservatism of the re-characterisation prpcedures for fatigue and ductile tearing are discussed. A possible non-conservatism of the re-characterisation for cleavage is discussed in Part II, within the framework of constraint based statistical fracture mechanics.
Ključne besede: fracture mechanics, structural elements, complex defects, recharacterisation, line-spring analysis, fatigue, ductile tearing, cracks, numerical analysis
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 926; Prenosov: 76
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Evaluation of the service life of gears in regrad to surface pitting
Srečko Glodež, Boris Aberšek, Jože Flašker, Zoran Ren, 2004, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A computational model for determining the service life of gear teeth flanks in regard to surface pitting is presented. The model considers the material fatigue process leading to pitting, i.e. the conditions required for the short fatigue crack propagation originating from the initial crack in a single material grain. In view of small crack lengths observed in surface pitting, the simulation takes into account the short crack growth theory. The stress field in the contact area and the required functional relationship between thestress intensity factor and the crack length are determined by the finite element method. An equivalent model of two contacting cylinders is used for numerical simulations of crack propagation in the contact area. On the basis of numerical results, and with consideration of some particular material parameters, the probable service life period of contacting surfaces is estimated for surface curvatures and loadings that are most commonly encountered in engineering practice.
Ključne besede: machine elements, gears, pitting, fatigue, short crack growth, numerical analysis, service life
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1604; Prenosov: 16
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