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1.
Residual dyebath purification using a system of constructed wetland
Alenka Ojstršek, Darinka Fakin, Danijel Vrhovšek, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: A constructed wetland model, comprising two different substrate mixtures, was used to purify textile dyebath wastewater. Three laboratory prepared wastewaters containing three commercial dyes of different classes and chemicalconstitution (one vat and two reactive dyes), different chemicals (NaOH, NaCl) and auxiliaries (migration inhibitor, sequestering, defoaming andwetting agents) were employed. Purifying efficiency was verified by measuring pollution parameters, such as absorbance, pH, total organic carbon (TOC), chemical oxygen demand (COD) and electrical conductivity (EC). It was found that the constructed wetland model reduced dye concentration by up to 70%, lowered the TOC and COD values up to 88%, electrical conductivity up to 60% and pH from 12 to 7.6.
Keywords: textile dyeing, reactive dyes, vat dyes, wastewater treatment, constructed wetland model, biological treatment, purification
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1506; Downloads: 74
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2.
Aerobic digester design for the biodegradation of plant tannins in industrial wastewater
Marko Tramšek, Andreja Goršek, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper describes aerobic digester design for the biodegradation of plant tannins in industrial wastewater. For optimal design, using the criterion of minimal total holding time, some experimental investigations into tannins' biodegradation rate in industrial wastewater were performed in the first part of this research. The chemical oxygen demand method (COD) was applied to follow the tannins degradation rate. The kinetic parameters of a supposed Aiba's inhibition kinetic model were determined using experimental data. In the second part of the study, equations for determining the optimal volumes of two in series connected aerobic digesters were established. Furthermore, a comparison is presented of volumes between one and two in series connected aerobic digester systems regarding wastewater volume flow rate, qV = 120 m3 d-1 and wastewater treatment efficiency, COD = 9 8%.
Keywords: digester design, plant tannins, Aiba's inhibition kinetic model, aerobic digestion, industrial wastewater
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 1431; Downloads: 44
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