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1.
Maximizing employee engagement through artificial intelligent organizational culture in the context of leadership and training of employees : testing linear and non-linear relationships
Maja Rožman, Polona Tominc, Borut Milfelner, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper’s main aim is to analyze five constructs of organizational culture, AI-supported leadership, AI-supported appropriate training of employees, teams’ effective performance, and employee engagement, and their relationship through the prism of artificial intelligence on a sample of large and medium-sized Slovenian companies. The second aim of the paper is to test the proposed model with two different statistical techniques in the scope of structural equation modeling (SEM) that enable us to assess linear (PLS-SEM) and non-linear relationships (CB-SEM) among the constructs. The empirical research included 437 medium-sized and large Slovenian companies. From each company, a CEO or owner participated in our research. The findings of the research with both techniques show that organizational culture had no impact on AI-supported appropriate training of employees and was not significant as well as that organizational culture had an impact on AI-supported leadership. The impact of AI-supported leadership on AI-supported appropriate training of employees were supported only for the PLS-SEM model. The impact of AI-supported leadership for employees on teams was positive. Contrary to that, the impact of AI-supported leadership for business solutions on teams was non-significant. In both cases, AI-supported appropriate training of employees’ impact on teams was strong and positive. Also, employee engagement impact on teams was positive and statistically significant with PLS-SEM and CB-SEM methods. The research yields important implications for companies seeking to integrate artificial intelligence effectively in their operations. It emphasizes the critical role of AI-supported leadership in driving positive outcomes, such as improved employee training and enhanced team effectiveness. Companies should focus on developing leaders who can leverage AI tools to foster a skilled and engaged workforce. By adopting data-driven decision-making processes and incorporating insights from structural equation modeling, organizations can develop effective AI integration strategies. These provide valuable guidance for enhancing human resource management practices and achieving successful AI adoption across companies. The findings contribute to the formation of new views in the field of artificial intelligence implementation in the companies and show companies a broader picture of which aspects of human resource management need to be improved.
Ključne besede: leadership, organizational culture, employee engagement, artificial intelligent
Objavljeno v DKUM: 22.04.2024; Ogledov: 3; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,09 MB)
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2.
The relationship between leadership in BPM and company profitability
Dušan Gošnik, Maja Meško, Igor Stubelj, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper studies the relationship between leadership as an activity of business process management (BPM) and company performance. Business process data about leadership and business processes in SMEs were collected via questionnaires on the population of 3007 SMEs in Slovenia. Aspects of leadership such as the involvement of employees, middle management, customers and suppliers were studied. The financial data of the SMEs of the sample were obtained from publicly available financial statements to assess relative residual income profitability ROEr and ROEa. Data analysis was performed using Bartlett’s, Kaiser–Maier–Olkin and nonparametric Mann–Whitney U tests. We confirmed a positive relationship between employee involvement in leadership as an activity of BPM and company profitability. It was proved that companies that involve employees and middle management in improving core business processes to a greater degree are more profitable. Intense involvement of employees in changes in core business processes results in higher company profitability, which has been detected by the higher risk-adjusted profitability measure ROEa. Companies that involve middle management to a greater degree by leading employees based on their interests are more profitable. The results are important for managers as decision-makers and other company stakeholders, especially those responsible for business process improvements. Theoretical and practical implications and further research possibilities are discussed.
Ključne besede: management, leadership, BPM, risk-adjusted profitability measures, SME, performance
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.04.2024; Ogledov: 51; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (529,77 KB)
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3.
Leadership and managerial challenges to ensure agile management as a method to enable business success : a Delphi study of the Slovenian health organisations
Vasja Roblek, Vlado Dimovski, Kristjan Jovanov Oblak, Maja Meško, Judita Peterlin, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose This study aims to apply the Delphi method to explore the possibilities for implementing agility management concepts in Slovenian health-care organisations. Design/methodology/approach The research is based on a qualitative Delphi study encompassing 15 employees in different Slovenian health-care organisations. Findings Slovenian health-care organisations need to be more agile currently. For this reason, it is necessary to begin with organisational changes and organisational learning concepts to educate employees about the meaning and content of agile processes. It is essential to ensure that accepting employee mistakes and offering help to employees becomes normal practice, and it is necessary to ensure the greater trust of the management towards the employees. Originality/value The research empowers health-care professionals with new management and leadership concepts, such as agile management, sustainable leadership and leadership development methods in health care.
Ključne besede: entrepreneurship, leadership, company performance, business efficiency, agile management, delphi study, health-care organisations, organisational transformation, Slovenia, change management, health services sector
Objavljeno v DKUM: 08.04.2024; Ogledov: 72; Prenosov: 3
.pdf Celotno besedilo (588,83 KB)
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4.
Leader’s possession of linguistic intelligence in relation to leader–member exchange theory
Timotej Ribič, Miha Marič, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: When practicing high-quality leader–member exchange (LMX) theory, the leader’s ability to communicate, build and maintain relationships is a vital part. Because leader–member exchange theory is a relationship-based approach to leadership that primarily includes social exchange and communication on a daily basis, we can highlight linguistic intelligence as a key leadership skill that is part of the multiple intelligences defined by Howard Gardner. The goal of this article was to conduct research into organizations where the leader applies LMX theory and examine whether the leader’s linguistic intelligence is positively related to the quality of the leader–member exchange. The dependent variable was the quality of the LMX. We were able to recruit 39 employees and 13 leaders. Correlations and multiple regressions were used to analyze our statement. The overall results are statistically significant and we conclude that there is a high positive correlation between LMX and linguistic intelligence in the organizations that were part of this study. A limitation of this study is the use of purposive sampling, which resulted in a relatively small sample size and may limit the generalization of the results to other populations.
Ključne besede: multiple intelligences, linguistic intelligence, communication, relationships, leadership, LMX, human resource management, organizational behavior
Objavljeno v DKUM: 26.03.2024; Ogledov: 127; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (348,46 KB)
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5.
Artificial-intelligence-supported reduction of employees’ workload to increase the company’s performance in today’s VUCA environment
Maja Rožman, Dijana Oreški, Polona Tominc, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper aims to develop a multidimensional model of AI-supported employee workload reduction to increase company performance in today's VUCA environment. Multidimensional constructs of the model include several aspects of artificial intelligence related to human resource management: AI-supported organizational culture, AI-supported leadership, AI-supported appropriate training and development of employees, employees' perceived reduction of their workload by AI, employee engagement, and company's performance. The main survey involved 317 medium-sized and large Slovenian companies. Structural equation modeling was used to test the hypotheses. The results show that three multidimensional constructs (AI-supported organizational culture, AI-supported leadership, and AI-supported appropriate training and development of employees) have a statistically significant positive effect on employees' perceived reduction of their workload by AI. In addition, employees' perceived reduced workload by AI has a statistically significant positive effect on employee engagement. The results show that employee engagement has a statistically significant positive effect on company performance. The concept of engagement is based on the fact that the development and growth of the company cannot be achieved by increasing the number of employees or by adding capital; the added value comes primarily from increased productivity, which is a result of the innovative ability of employees and their work engagement, which improve the company's performance. The results will significantly contribute to creating new views in the field of artificial intelligence and adopting important decisions in creating working conditions for employees in today's rapidly changing work environment.
Ključne besede: artificial intelligence, leadership, employee engagement, company performance
Objavljeno v DKUM: 02.02.2024; Ogledov: 165; Prenosov: 24
.pdf Celotno besedilo (716,50 KB)
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6.
MANAGEMENT IN THE TIME OF COVID-19 CRISIS
Tamara Trajković, 2023, magistrsko delo

Opis: The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, swiftly evolved into a global crisis affecting numerous countries worldwide. This study examines the management response of companies to the unprecedented challenges posed by the pandemic. The aim is to assess the effectiveness and adequacy of management strategies and explore changes in the implementation of management activities within the basic functions of management in changing circumstances. The research begins with a comprehensive review of available literature to establish a theoretical foundation. Key concepts related to management, its roles, crisis situations, and risk management are examined. Eminent scientists' perspectives on crisis management, particularly in the context of the global COVID-19 pandemic, are analyzed to gain a deeper understanding of the topic. The research conducted involved a comprehensive analysis of responses provided by a diverse group of respondents, consisting of professionals from various industries. The key findings shed light on the changes in management, leadership, and business approaches adopted by companies during the pandemic.
Ključne besede: management, leadership, management work, crisis, COVID-19, digitalization, digital transformation.
Objavljeno v DKUM: 21.08.2023; Ogledov: 241; Prenosov: 31
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,40 MB)

7.
Transformational leadership styles in Slovenian Police
Džemal Durić, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: The purpose of this research was to examine leadership styles among managers at different organizational levels in Slovenian Police organization and to examine relationships between leadership styles and outcomes criteria (effectiveness, satisfaction, and extra effort). Design/Methods/Approach: The study took a quantitative approach to test the Full Range Leadership Model (FRLM) with Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ). Survey included police managers at local (290), regional (122), and state (74) level of Slovenian Police organization. Findings: There are more transformational leadership styles than transactional leadership styles and laissez-faire leadership styles demonstrated among Slovenian Police managers. Transformational leadership styles are expressed especially at higher organizational levels. Relationship between transformational leadership and outcomes criteria is stronger than relationship between transactional leadership and outcomes criteria. There is negative relationship between laissez-faire leadership styles and outcome criteria. Research limitations: The results are comparable with similar studies which used MLQ for self rating or measuring self perceptions of leadership styles. Future research should include subordinate’s perception of police manager’s leadership styles. That would reflect more realistic picture about leadership practice and performance. Practical implications: Results indicate which leadership styles have positive relationships with outcome criteria and can be a useful input for police leadership training and development process. Originality/Value: This study contributes to the Police Leadership literature. Paper extends understanding of leadership styles in police organizations and supports the propositions of the Full Range Leadership Model that transformational leadership extends the results of transactional leadership toward results beyond expectations.
Ključne besede: police, police hierarchy, leadership, Full Range Leadership Model, transformational leadership style, organizational levels, Slovenia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 05.05.2020; Ogledov: 1227; Prenosov: 58
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8.
The influence of teachersʼ perceptions of school leadersʼ empowering behaviours on the dimensions of psychological empowerment
Tina Vrhovnik, Miha Marič, Jasmina Žnidaršič, Gašper Jordan, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background and Purpose: School leader has an effect on teachers in divergent ways. If school leader wants their teachers to be successful and satisfied, he or she must have the potential to prompt work conditions that build up teachers’ psychological empowerment. Main aim of our research was to empirically test the relations between teachers’ perceptions of school leaders’ empowering behaviours and all dimensions of psychological empowerment (meaning, competence, self-determination and impact). Design/Methodology/Approach: We tested four hypotheses in one structural model by using structural equation modelling (SEM). The quantitative data was collected through an online survey on a sample of 525 primary school teachers in Slovenia by using two already validated questionnaires, The School Leader Empowering Behaviours (SLEB) and Psychological Empowerment Questionnaire (PEQ). Results: Findings show that teachers’ perceptions of school leaders’ empowering behaviours are positively and statistically significantly related to all dimensions of psychological empowerment (meaning, competence, self-determination and impact). Conclusion: Knowledge of psychological empowerment can be beneficial for school leaders, because with this comprehension they can strengthen apprehension and potential in exercising empowering behaviours towards their teachers to maximize their psychological empowerment.
Ključne besede: HRM, leadership, psychological empowerment
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.10.2018; Ogledov: 1685; Prenosov: 327
.pdf Celotno besedilo (353,86 KB)
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9.
How to reduce discrimination in the workplace : the case of Austria and Taiwan (R.O.C.)
Vito Bobek, Anita Maček, Sarah Anna Bradler, Tatjana Horvat, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: To intervene against discriminatory in the workplace is tremendously important because discriminatory practices have an enormous economic impact, along with a severe impact on psychological health, which can result in illnesses such as depression and burnout. Such intervention requires a multidimensional approach, including the whole organization and a systematic procedure. The aim of this paper is to offer suggestions on how to reduce discrimination in the workplace in Austria and Taiwan. To reach this aim, a qualitative study was conducted. It showed that education, active positioning of companies, leadership and diligent selection of employees, discussion and analysis, psychological support, governmental policies, and aspects of language and talking gender-wise are the most important steps to decrease or eliminate discrimination in the workplace.
Ključne besede: discrimination, business practices, leadership, workplace
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.10.2018; Ogledov: 1634; Prenosov: 206
.pdf Celotno besedilo (738,53 KB)
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10.
Examining determinants of leadership style among Montenegrin managers
Anđelko Lojpur, Ana Aleksić, Sanja Vlahović, Mirjana Pejić Bach, Sanja Peković, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: As a leader’s behavior can have a strong impact on different employee work- related outcomes, various approaches have been put forth in an effort to determine the most effective form of leadership and determinants of individuals’ choice of leadership style. This paper analyzed whether one’s choice of leadership style is due more to personal or organizational characteristics. We used survey data to investigate the determinants of leadership style among Montenegrin managers. Our analysis showed that, although demographic characteristics such as gender, age, and education do not influence the choice of leadership style, internal organizational characteristics such as hierarchical level, managerial orientation to tasks/people, and decision-making characteristics such as decision- making style and decision-making environment are positively associated with the choice of democratic leadership style. This contributes to recent research in leadership that shows how some personal characteristics are considered to be less important in developing certain styles and that the choice of style is more dependent and contingent on external influences and situations.
Ključne besede: decision-making characteristics, demographic characteristics, internal organizational characteristics, leadership style, Montenegro
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.05.2018; Ogledov: 1117; Prenosov: 57
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,66 MB)
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