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NOx and particulate matter (PM) emission reduction potential by biodiesel usage
Breda Kegl, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: The transport in many countries is the most significant source for NOx and particulate matter (PM) emissions. Therefore, the possibility of reducing NOx and PM emissions is experimentally investigated using biodiesel and some of its blends with mineral diesel. Attention is focused on the optimal bus dieselengine adjustments for each tested fuel. The obtained engine characteristics are compared to each other by considering the 13 modes of the European stationary cycle test. The optimal injection pump timings are determined with the aim of reducing harmful emissions, while keeping other engine characteristics within acceptable limits. The optimal fuel blend is suggested, and the harmful emissions (NOx, PM, CO, unburned hydrocarbon, and smoke) reduction is estimated.
Keywords: internal combustion engine, NOx emissions, biodiesel fuel
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 1379; Downloads: 37
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Experimental investigation of optimal timing of the Diesel engine injection pump using biodiesel fuel
Breda Kegl, 2006, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper discusses the influence of biodiesel on output characteristics of adiesel engine and optimal timing setup for its injection pump. The influence of biodiesel is studied by running experiments on an NA diesel bus engine MAN D2 2566 with a direct-injection M system. The fuel used is biodiesel produced from rapeseed. Special attention is focused on the determination of the optimal injection-pump timing with respect to engine harmful emissions, enginefuel consumption, and other engine performance parameters. These engine characteristics are compared against those obtained using conventional D2 diesel. Experiments with biodiesel and D2 are run on several engine operating regimes. The engine was monitored for possible operation problems and carefully examined after the tests. The results obtained are presented and analyzed. It is shown that with carefully optimized timing of the pump, the harmful emission of NOx, smoke, HC, and CO can be reduced essentially by keeping other engine characteristics within acceptable limits.
Keywords: internal combustion engines, diesel engines, fuel injection, biodiesel fuel, engine characeristics
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 1863; Downloads: 86
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