The issue of suggestibility in witness interviewing : graduation thesisTjaša Petek
, 2014, diplomsko delo
Opis: The interviewing of witnesses, victims and suspects normally forms an essential part of a police investigation into criminal activities. There are various factors that affect accuracy in the eyewitness testimonies, one of which are suggestive interviewing techniques (Williamson, 2007).
Suggestibility is a personality trait which is often referred to as a type of psychological vulnerability. Suggestibility can challenge the interviewee’s abilities to cope with the demands of the interview as well as the demands of following court procedures. It is due to these characteristics that suggestibility has an important impact on the outcome of the interview (Gudjonsson, 2010).
As shown through the work of Ridley and Gudjonsson (2013), there are several varieties of suggestibility and the effects of suggestive influence should be taken extremely seriously during investigations.
Our memories can be influenced and distorted in various ways because they are vulnerable and susceptible to decay, inner biases, social demands and expectations, leading questions, misleading information, conformity and mental disability. To support this, Bruck and Melnyk (2004) indicate that individual differences in the susceptibility to suggestibility make it harder to identify exactly where and when the effects of suggestibility are likely to manifest themselves. Reliable information about the types of people who are most likely to be tainted by suggestive interviewing has not been established yet and remains a subject for further research.
Ključne besede: suggestibility, witness interviews, criminal investigation, individual differences
Objavljeno: 06.11.2014; Ogledov: 734; Prenosov: 82
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THE IMPACT OF INDIVIDUAL, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL FACTORS ON THE SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTIONS OF BUSINESS STUDENTSIrena Kedmenec
, 2015, doktorska disertacija
Opis: Social entrepreneurship is a rather new concept in the scientific literature, with many definitions, due to numerous approaches to the phenomenon and its numerous manifestations. This thesis wants to contribute to the field by exploring the creation of social entrepreneurial intention. Building on the theory of entrepreneurial event, it was proposed that social entrepreneurial intention had three main antecedents: perceived desirability of social entrepreneurship, propensity to act and perceived feasibility of social entrepreneurship. Based on the literature, three sets of factors that facilitate the formation of social entrepreneurial intention were proposed: individual, social and cultural factors.
A questionnaire was created in order to collect the data. The questionnaire was completed by business students in five countries: Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, and Slovenia.
Firstly, the regression model confirmed that the perceived desirability of social entrepreneurship and perceived feasibility of social entrepreneurship had a positive impact on social entrepreneurial intention. However, propensity to act was not a significant antecedent of social entrepreneurial intention.
Secondly, the impact of different factors on the perceived desirability and perceived feasibility of social entrepreneurship was explored. Three individual factors were proven to have a statistically significant positive impact on social entrepreneurship desirability: social entrepreneurship education, experience in prosocial behaviour, and empathy. None of the investigated social factors in the model had any statistically significant impact on social entrepreneurship desirability. Out of the analysed cultural factors, three of them had statistically significant impacts. These are power distance, masculinity and individualism.
In the next phase, it was examined which individual, social and cultural factors influence the perceived feasibility of social entrepreneurship. Of the analysed individual factors, experience in prosocial behaviour again proved to have statistically significant positive impact. Hardship in life and creativity also increase the perceived feasibility of social entrepreneurship. Having a social entrepreneur among family and/or friends made social entrepreneurship look more feasible to the respondents. Knowing the entrepreneurial environment also increased the confidence in one’s ability to pursue a career in social entrepreneurship. Out of our cultural dimensions, only the power distance had a small positive influence.
The research clearly establishes that an experience in prosocial behaviour strengthens social entrepreneurial intentions. Therefore, social entrepreneurship education should include gaining some experience in volunteering, activism and making donations. One of the factors that influence social entrepreneurship feasibility is creativity. Educators should give their students various assignments that develop creative thinking. These assignments should include an analysis of social problems in the local community and the development of possible solutions by using the resources at hand. This research confirms that investing in entrepreneurship infrastructure is justifiable, since the students with greater understanding of its main components scored higher in social entrepreneurship feasibility. The impact would probably be even stronger if special funding schemes and incubators designed specifically for social entrepreneurs were developed. Students should also receive the message that social entrepreneurs’ efforts are appreciated in their society.
In future research, the model of social entrepreneurial intention should be upgraded with other possible factors of influence. Future studies should also explore the relationship between social entrepreneurial intention and behaviour by applying a longitudinal design.
Ključne besede: social entrepreneurial intention, social entrepreneurship, individual differences, social capital, culture
Objavljeno: 16.06.2015; Ogledov: 1139; Prenosov: 125
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Strategic asset allocation for institutional portfolios with private equityManuel Wedra
, 2017, diplomsko delo
Opis: It is possible to participate in the PE industry in different ways. Direct investment, co-investments, alongside specialized investors, indirect investments through limited partnership, and indirect investments through fund of funds.
Big institutional investors usually make direct investments. For this approach to PE it is required to invest in a fund management team, which has an intensive relationship and due diligence skills to select the appropriate PE investments. For medium or small size investors, who do not have such high amount to invest, direct investment might not be achievable and it is recommended to invest in funds. Investing in PE funds also gives a higher level of diversification, and is managed by a specialized fund management team.
From a PE backed company perspective, fund managers do not only provide capital, but also offer management support, take an active role, where they contribute their skills, network, and experience.
Besides the opportunity to get exposure to unlisted PE funds with Limited Partnership, it is also possible to invest in exchange-traded PE companies or LPE. These PE investments are done either directly, indirectly or through the capital of their customers. Investments are conducted in the same way as Limited Partnerships, through various investment horizons (venture, buyout and growth) and financing styles (equity, mezzanine and debt). These exchange-traded PE companies offer the investor an immediate, liquid exposure to the PE investment class.
The problem with investing in unlisted PE funds is the minimum required capital to participate in the PE investment class, which is usually too high for smaller or individual investors. It is also difficult to determine the price, which is determined on a illiquid and not transparent secondary market. While the LPE is traded on an organized exchange market, that is liquid, has transparent market prices available and the possibility to get access to the investment class even for smaller institutional or individual investors with a minimum initial investment volume. Another advantage is the capability to rebalance their PE allocation in a flexible way. From analytic perspective it is also much easier to compare LPE to other public traded asset classes using common standard analysing tools.
In the analysis with the efficient frontier the portfolios with the additional asset class PE has a clear improvement of the risk, and return characteristics. Over the standard deviation range from 3.28% to 11.90%, the average improvement in return in the optimization framework is 0.48%.
For big institutional, smaller or even individual investors, the LPE gives a liquid, transparent and immediate exposure to PE.
In the environment of low interest rate, the PE mode is working well. If these kind conditions will continue in 2017, the asset class will continue to contribute a high absolute return and portfolio diversification.
Ključne besede: Private Equity, diversification, institutional and individual investors, strategic asset allocation.
Objavljeno: 26.05.2017; Ogledov: 355; Prenosov: 29
Celotno besedilo (1,20 MB)
Developmental differentiation and binding of mental processes with g through the life-spanAndreas Demetriou
, George Spanoudis
, Smaragda Kazi
, Antigoni Mougi
, Mislav Stjepan Žebec
, Elena Kazali
, Hudson Golino
, Karin Bakračevič Vukman
, Michael Shayer
, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Integration/differentiation of mental processes is major mechanism of development. Developmental theories ascribe intellectual development to it. In psychometric theory, Spearman’s law of diminishing returns postulates that increasing g allows increasing differentiation of cognitive abilities, because increased mental power allows variable investment in domain-specific learning. Empirical evidence has been inconsistent so far, with some studies supporting and others contradicting this mechanism. This state of affairs is due to a developmental phenomenon: Both differentiation and strengthening of relations between specific processes and g may happen but these changes are phase-specific and ability-specific, depending upon the developmental priorities in the formation of g in each phase. We present eight studies covering the age span from 4 to 85 years in support of this phenomenon. Using new powerful modeling methods we showed that differentiation and binding of mental processes in g occurs in cycles. Specific processes intertwine with g at the beginning of cycles when they are integrated into it; when well established, these processes may vary with increasing g, reflecting its higher flexibility. Representational knowledge, inductive inference and awareness of it, and grasp of logical constraints framing inference are the major markers of g, first intertwining with in their respective cycles and differentiating later during the periods of 2–6, 7–11, and 11–20 years, respectively. The implications of these findings for an overarching cognitive developmental/differential theory of human mind are discussed.
Ključne besede: intelligence, cognitive development, individual differences, integration, differentiation, awareness
Objavljeno: 21.06.2017; Ogledov: 137; Prenosov: 80
Celotno besedilo (3,28 MB)
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The process of school administration and the relationship between individual and organizational needsBojan Burgar
, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The article investigates the importance of individual and organizational needs in relation to the effectiveness of educational establishments in the areas of management and the guidance of schools. The author proves that if more organizational needs are met, then less individual needs come to the forefront. The author argues that there is no balance and no necessary balanced relationship between organizational and individual needs for the effective management and administration of educational organisations. The article shows the status of eleven areas concerning the management and guidance of schools that directly affect the process of school operation and the possibility of balancing individual and organizational needs for the satisfaction of those involved in effectively running an educational organisation.
Ključne besede: individual needs, organizational needs, areas of management, school
Objavljeno: 10.10.2017; Ogledov: 103; Prenosov: 38
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The influence of personality characteristics on individual competencies of work group membersGeorg Kodydek
, Ronald Hochreiter
, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: In this article, we investigate how college students and graduates with diverse backgrounds experience working in groups by focusing on their perceptions regarding group work, attribution of leader coaching, and self-perspectives of personality traits. Moreover, this article explores relationships between personality factors (using the Big Five factors) and selected individual competencies from Bartram’s Great Eight Competencies (2005). We furthermore review current management research on competency management, personality, and also identify current trends for young professionals who are about to enter the job market. This study was conducted in an experimental setting at a large European business school. Participants were 80 business students from Austria, Turkey, China, and the United States of America with a fairly even gender split who had to work on tasks in homogeneous and heterogeneous settings. We assess participants’ ratings following Rammstedt and John’s Big Five Inventory (2007) and a modified version of Wageman, Hackman and Lehman’s Team Diagnostic Survey (2005) that we enhanced accordingly. Results are analyzed and discussed with relation to global challenges and developments regarding competencies, diversity, and group work.
Ključne besede: competency management, personality factors, individual competencies
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 197; Prenosov: 27
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Individual's resistance regarding BPM initiativeMirjana Pejić Bach
, Vesna Bosilj-Vukšić
, Daila Suša-Vugec
, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Though the individual’s resistance is very often considered a significant barrier to BPM success, the literature on that topic is quite scarce. With the aim to shed light on this topic, we have conducted research of a Croatian insurance company. We examined the impact of individual’s resistance regarding BPM initiative using the theory of reasoned action. Structural equation model was developed using the data collected by the survey among company employees. The results indicate that subjective norms are positively related to the individual’s resistance regarding BPM initiative, while positive initial belief regarding BPM initiative tends to decrease the probability of resistance to change.
Ključne besede: business process management, theory of reasoned action, individual’s resistance, insurance company, change management, Croatia
Objavljeno: 03.05.2018; Ogledov: 106; Prenosov: 22
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