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Performance indicators of management buyouts using the analytic hierarchy process method
Petra Grah, Vesna Čančer, Borut Bratina, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background and Purpose: In Slovenia, few management buyout (MBO) studies have been carried out. The focus was mostly on the motives for acquisition of companies and the success rate of the acquisitions. This paper aims to analyse the indicators which suggest an impending bankruptcy or financial restructuring of companies and explore how these indicators are different for successful and unsuccessful MBOs. Methodology: In the survey, we included 23 selected MBOs in Slovenia between 2005 and 2008, using the following financial and non-financial indicators: profitability, performance, solvency and liquidity, using the analytic hierarchy process method. The key aim of the survey was to use financial and non-financial indicators to study if target companies where bankruptcy or financial restructuring has not yet been initiated prevalently have higher aggregate values compared to those in which bankruptcy or financial restructuring procedures have already begun. Thus, we used the selected indicators to demonstrate one of the possible methods to predict the success of a particular MBO. Results: We found that in most examples of unsuccessful MBOs, target companies have poorer results in terms of performance, solvency and liquidity, when compared to successful MBOs. Based on the selected areas, we divided the results into four quarters. We found that most target companies where MBOs had been unsuccessful are ranked in a lower quarter than most of the target companies where the MBOs had been successful. Conclusion: The papers main contribution is the finding that the selected financial and non-financial indicators differ in cases of successful and unsuccessful MBOs. This knowledge helps us to find ways of avoiding these situations in the future.
Ključne besede: management buy-outs, management, bankruptcy models, financial and non-financial indicators, the analytic hierarchy process
Objavljeno: 10.10.2018; Ogledov: 540; Prenosov: 216
.pdf Celotno besedilo (634,12 KB)
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Thinking in messages – determine key performance indicators and create environmental reports
Edeltraud Günther, Daria Meyr, Natalia Mikhalenok, Pavel Pervov, Elena Gerasimova, Iurii Kholopov, Elena Lukenyuk, 2016, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Opis: Environmental reporting aims to measure, disclose and to be accountable to internal and external stakeholders about to what extent the company uses the functions of the environment and takes action to improve environmental performance. Thus, the communication of a company has two objectives: for internal stakeholders’ environmental performance is measured in order to prepare decisions of corporate management, for external stakeholders the reporting on the environmental management system, the environmental performance, the ecology orientation of the value-added steps, the dealing with stakeholders and process and product innovations as well as environmental objectives are in the foreground. Finally, it should be noted that environmental reporting is increasingly part of sustainability reporting.
Ključne besede: environmental management, environmental reports, performance indicators
Objavljeno: 11.05.2018; Ogledov: 658; Prenosov: 54
.pdf Celotno besedilo (802,28 KB)
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Environmental management & audit 3: Controlling and stakeholders
2016, znanstvena monografija

Opis: The present scientific monograph, entitled “Environmental management & audit“, is the result of three years’ work on an international project entitled “Environmental management in Russian companies – retraining courses for the sensibilization for and integration of Eco-Audit programs in corporate decision-making (RECOAUD)”. Within its more than 600 pages, the monograph features interesting texts written by 31 authors from the European Union and the Russian Federation, edited by dr. Borut Jereb, Darja Kukovič and dr. Daria Meyr. The monograph “Environmental management & audit“ is composed of four books: “Scarcity and Introduction of Environmental Management”, “Management Systems”, “Controlling and Stakeholders”, and “Environmental Assessment” (Featured Articles). These four topics reflect the complexity, heterogeneity and multidisciplinary of the project Tempus RECOAUD. The reader of the monograph gets a comprehensive overview of theoretical perspectives of environmental management and audit in the chosen areas. Furthermore, the monograph also highlights the results of research in the field of environmental management and audit as well as trends and challenges in the development of this field. Providing insight into theoretical and research findings, the monograph will prove useful to both practitioners and researchers in the field of environmental management and audit; it can also be used for study purposes.
Ključne besede: logistics, environmental protection, alternatives, cost calculation, cost control, competitive constraints, stakeholders, performance indicators, environmental reports
Objavljeno: 09.05.2018; Ogledov: 484; Prenosov: 49
.pdf Celotno besedilo (4,43 MB)
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Measuring the concentration of insurance sector
Maja Dimić, Lidija Barjaktarović, Olja Arsenijević, Polona Šprajc, Janez Žirovnik, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background and purpose: The goal of the paper is to determine the level of concentration in the insurance sector in the following eight countries of South and Eastern Europe: Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Romania, Bulgaria and Albania in the period from 2007 to 2012. Design/Methodology/Approach: In this context, the analysed indicators of concentration were the market share of the four leading financial institutions (CR4), the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI), the coefficient of entropy (E), the coefficient of relative entropy (RE) and Gini coefficient (G). Results: The study showed that the insurance sectors in the analysed countries are highly concentrated on average (according to CR4 indicator), medium concentrated (according to HHI) with high levels of inequality of distribution of market shares between individual participants (in terms of G coefficient), and in the zone of relative uniformity and equality of business entities (according to RE coefficient). The research results point out that the existence of different levels of correlation between the analysed indicators of concentration in the insurance sector, which confirms the conclusion that, in order to obtain relevant and quality conclusions about the level of concentration, it is necessary to review and analyse several indicators of concentration integrally. Conclusion: In all observed indicators of concentration in relation with the density level GDP pc move in the zone of very low value, which on the one hand points to the fact that the analysed countries at a relatively similar level of development have significantly different levels of concentration, but also on the fact that some countries although at different levels of development, have similar levels of concentration.
Ključne besede: insurance sector, concentration level, concentration indicators
Objavljeno: 07.05.2018; Ogledov: 866; Prenosov: 43
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,09 MB)
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Economic-geographic analysis of differentiated development in Croatian coastal region
Zdenko Braičić, Jelena Lončar, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The main characteristic of the current development process in Republic of Croatia's coastal area is its unevenness. While former studies on differences in regional development have mainly discussed inequalities in terms of coast/inland/islands, this study analyzes a differentiated economic development along the Croatian coast, not including the islands. Basic analytical spatial units are cities and municipalities that can be classified into seven major coastal spatial units (sub-regions): Istria, Rijeka, Sub-Velebit, Zadar, Šibenik, Split and Dubrovnik-Neretva coastal area. In order to rate the level of development and determine differences in economic activities of coastal spatial region, several economic indicators have been taken into account. The results have confirmed that Istria and Rijeka coastal subregions are the most prosperous parts of Croatian coast. The economic orientation of cities and municipalities on the coast has been determined with the index of specialization.
Ključne besede: Coastal spatial units, economic development, indicators, functional specialization, Croatia
Objavljeno: 16.04.2018; Ogledov: 403; Prenosov: 70
.pdf Celotno besedilo (576,92 KB)
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Production control of a polymerization plant based on production performance indicators
Dejan Gradišar, Sebastjan Zorzut, Vladimir Jovan, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The specifics of process manufacturing have a great influence on production management. The focus of process-production control is to maintain stable and cost-effective production within given constraints. The synthesis of production-control structures is thus recognized as one of the most important design problems in process-production management. This article proposes a closed-loop control structure with the utilization of production-performance indicators (pPIs) as a possible solution to this problem. Suggested concept takes into account also economic issues of production. pPIs represent the translation of operating objectives, such as the minimization of production costs, to a reduced set of control variables that can then be used in a feedback control. The idea of production-feedback control using production pPIs as controlled variables was implemented on a procedural model of a production process for a polymerization plant. Preliminary results demonstrate the usefulness of the proposed methodology. At the implementation stage we must be aware that appropriate IT system has to be available which ensures needed online production data.
Ključne besede: production management, production control, production performance indicators, model-based control
Objavljeno: 10.01.2018; Ogledov: 524; Prenosov: 210
.pdf Celotno besedilo (963,78 KB)
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Container throughput forecasting using dynamic factor analysis and ARIMAX model
Marko Intihar, Tomaž Kramberger, Dejan Dragan, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper examines the impact of integration of macroeconomic indicators on the accuracy of container throughput time series forecasting model. For this purpose, a Dynamic factor analysis and AutoRegressive Integrated Moving-Average model with eXogenous inputs (ARIMAX) are used. Both methodologies are integrated into a novel four-stage heuristic procedure. Firstly, dynamic factors are extracted from external macroeconomic indicators influencing the observed throughput. Secondly, the family of ARIMAX models of different orders is generated based on the derived factors. In the third stage, the diagnostic and goodness-of-fit testing is applied, which includes statistical criteria such as fit performance, information criteria, and parsimony. Finally, the best model is heuristically selected and tested on the real data of the Port of Koper. The results show that by applying macroeconomic indicators into the forecasting model, more accurate future throughput forecasts can be achieved. The model is also used to produce future forecasts for the next four years indicating a more oscillatory behaviour in (2018-2020). Hence, care must be taken concerning any bigger investment decisions initiated from the management side. It is believed that the proposed model might be a useful reinforcement of the existing forecasting module in the observed port.
Ključne besede: container throughput forecasting, ARIMAX model, dynamic factor analysis, exogenous macroeconomic indicators, time series analysis
Objavljeno: 12.12.2017; Ogledov: 805; Prenosov: 267
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,33 MB)
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Accessibility concepts and indicators in transportation strategic planning issues
Ana Vulevic, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Accessibility is a well-known and studied concept within the scientific literature. Good transportation accessibility is certainly an important factor in exploiting spatial potentials. The quality of transportation infrastructure in terms of capacity, travel speed, connectivity etc., determines the quality and advantage of a location relative to other locations, which is usually measured as accessibility. Increasingly overloaded transport corridors, in the context of changing transportation flows are becoming an important issue for accessibility. This Paper gives a very brief overview of which kind of transportation networks and services indicators should be used in relevant documents and in transportation planning practice. This Paper provides a comprehensive overview of the different definitions, dimensions and indicators of accessibility in the literature of those already discovered.
Ključne besede: accessibility indicators, accessibility, transportation network and services indicators
Objavljeno: 17.11.2017; Ogledov: 412; Prenosov: 89
.pdf Celotno besedilo (497,67 KB)
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Business plan for a Zen garden
Maja Žibrat, Karmen Pažek, Vesna Bukovac, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The placement of a theme park in the form of a Zen garden, as a business opportunity in the Slovenian rural area, is discussed. The design of the garden, with all the major points of a standard business plan, is accurately presented, with a description of the business, branch, and services, market analysis, marketing strategy, financial projections, and a plan of the work and activities. The financial aspect is presented as the amount of investment, net present value, and internal rate of return. The amount of investment is estimated at € 14.891, which should be reimbursed within 4 years of operations. The estimated internal rate of return is estimated at 16.86%. Part of the study is the market analysis - conduction of a survey into knowledge of, and interest in, Zen and Zen gardens. The principles of landscape ecology are respected, as the Zen garden would be set in the woods and will blend seamlessly into the landscape.
Ključne besede: theme parks, sustainable tourism, investment, financial indicators, landscape ecology
Objavljeno: 14.11.2017; Ogledov: 679; Prenosov: 71
.pdf Celotno besedilo (219,69 KB)
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The effect of the combination of different methods of stock analysis on portfolio performance
Vesna Trančar, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The literature that examines the stock analysis is often faced with the same questions: Which stock analyses should be chosen and which indicators of individual stock analyses give the best information on whether a particular stock should be included in the portfolio? How many indicators and which combination of indicators should you choose to forecast future stock prices as accurately as possible? Can investors use stock analyses to create such a portfolio to meet the investment expectations? The main purpose of this article is to use theoretical methodology to determine whether the use of a combination of indicators from different stock analyses has a positive impact on the profitability of the portfolio.
Ključne besede: portfolio, stock analysis, portfolio manager, indicators, investment decisions, stock prices
Objavljeno: 14.11.2017; Ogledov: 602; Prenosov: 229
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,50 MB)
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