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1.
Virus prevalence in egg samples collected from naturally selected and traditionally managed honey bee colonies across Europe
David Claeys Bouuaert, Lina De Smet, Marleen Brunain, Bjørn Dahle, Tjeerd Blacquière, Anne Dalmon, Daniel S. Dezmirean, Dylan Elen, Janja Filipi, Alexandru Giurgiu, Aleš Gregorc, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Monitoring virus infections can be an important selection tool in honey bee breeding. A recent study pointed towards an association between the virus-free status of eggs and an increased virus resistance to deformed wing virus (DWV) at the colony level. In this study, eggs from both naturally surviving and traditionally managed colonies from across Europe were screened for the prevalence of different viruses. Screenings were performed using the phenotyping protocol of the ‘suppressed in ovo virus infection’ trait but with qPCR instead of end-point PCR and a primer set that covers all DWV genotypes. Of the 213 screened samples, 109 were infected with DWV, 54 were infected with black queen cell virus (BQCV), 3 were infected with the sacbrood virus, and 2 were infected with the acute bee paralyses virus. It was demonstrated that incidences of the vertical transmission of DWV were more frequent in naturally surviving than in traditionally managed colonies, although the virus loads in the eggs remained the same. When comparing virus infections with queen age, older queens showed significantly lower infection loads of DWV in both traditionally managed and naturally surviving colonies, as well as reduced DWV infection frequencies in traditionally managed colonies. We determined that the detection frequencies of DWV and BQCV in honey bee eggs were lower in samples obtained in the spring than in those collected in the summer, indicating that vertical transmission may be lower in spring. Together, these patterns in vertical transmission show that honey bee queens have the potential to reduce the degree of vertical transmission over time.
Ključne besede: honey bee, suppressed in ovo virus infection, vertical transmission, virus resistance
Objavljeno v DKUM: 18.08.2023; Ogledov: 328; Prenosov: 22
.pdf Celotno besedilo (837,65 KB)
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COLOSS survey: global impact of COVID-19 on bee research
Raffaele Dall’Olio, Tjeerd Blacquiere, Maria Bouga, Robert Brodschneider, Norman L Carreck, Panuwan Chantawannakul, Vincent Dietemann, Lotta Fabricius Kristiansen, Anna M. Gajda, Aleš Gregorc, Asli Ozkirim, Christian Pirk, Victoria Soroker, Geoffrey R. Williams, Peter Neumann, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: The socio-economic impacts of COVID-19 on society have yet to be truly revealed; there is no doubt that the pandemic has severely affected the daily lives of most of humanity. It is to be expected that the research activities of scientists could be impacted to varying degrees, but no data exist on how COVID-19 has affected research specifically. Here, we show that the still ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has already diversely and negatively affected bee research at a global level. An online survey disseminated through the global COLOSS honey bee research association showed that every participant (n = 230 from 56 countries) reported an impact on one or more of their activities. Activities that require travelling or the physical presence of people (meetings and conferences, teaching and extension) were affected the most, but also laboratory and field activities, daily operations, supervision and other activities were affected to varying degrees. Since the basic activities are very similar for many research fields, it appears as if our findings for bee research can be extrapolated to other fields. In the light of our data, we recommend that stakeholders such as governments and funding bodies who support research should facilitate the wide implementation of web-based information technology required for efficient online communication for research and education, as well as adequately loosened restriction measures with respect to field and laboratory work. Finally, increased flexibility in administration and extension of research grants and fellowships seem to be needed. It is apparent that adequate responses by all stakeholders are required to limit the impact of COVID-19 and future pandemics on bee science and other research fields.
Ključne besede: COLOSS, Apis mellifera, coronavirus, COVID-19, honey bee, pandemic, research, extension
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.11.2020; Ogledov: 902; Prenosov: 190
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,26 MB)
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4.
Comparison of the two microsporidia that infect honey bees : a review
Mateja Soklič, Aleš Gregorc, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Two microsporidian species, Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae, infect honey bees (Apis mellifera) worldwide. They are obligate intracellular parasites that multiply in the epithelial lining of the bee’s midgut and cause nosemosis. N. ceranae infections were primarily found in Apis cerana and raised interest in the last decade with the discovery of their presence in the European honey bee (Apis mellifera). Nosema spp. utilizes hosts’ energetic reserves for the purpose of propagation and disrupts the digestive processes of the bee. Nosemosis reduces the lifespan of a single bee and affects the performance of the colony. It also has an economic impact through the reduction in the honey and pollen yield of severely infected colonies or even causes them to collapse. Lack of effective therapy for nosemosis is of special concern and calls for scientific attention. Although N. ceranae and N. apis are similar in many aspects, there are important differences between them such as clinical signs of infection or the ability to resist low temperatures.
Ključne besede: Nosema ceranae, Nosema apis, Honey bee, Microsporidia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 14.11.2017; Ogledov: 1139; Prenosov: 196
.pdf Celotno besedilo (965,48 KB)
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