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Ideological differences in COVID-19 vaccine intention : the effects of trust in the healthcare system, in complementary and alternative medicine, and perceived threat from the disease
Monika Lamot, Katja Kerman, Andrej Kirbiš, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Introduction: Politically left-leaning individuals are more likely to get vaccinated against COVID-19, although little is known about the mechanisms underlying the ideological differences in vaccination intentions. Understanding the extent to which trust in the healthcare system, in complementary and alternative medicine, and the perceived threat from the disease contribute to these disparities is crucial, as it could inform targeted interventions to address vaccine hesitancy across the political spectrum. Methods: The present cross-sectional study conducted among adults living in Slovenia (n  =  858) examined the mediating role of trust in the healthcare system, trust in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), and the perceived threat from the virus on COVID-19 vaccination intention. Results: We found that leftist ideology and trust in the healthcare system positively predicted vaccination intention, whereas CAM negatively predicted this intention. In addition, left-leaning individuals expressed greater trust in the healthcare system and lower trust in CAM, resulting in higher levels of COVID-19 vaccination intention. The serial mediation model confirmed that trust in CAM was a negative predictor, while trust in the healthcare system positively predicted perceived threat. Discussion: When dealing with vaccine hesitancy among right-oriented individuals, strategies should focus on enhancing trust in the healthcare system and critically evaluating the reliance on CAM.
Ključne besede: vaccine hesitancy, political ideology, percieved threat, trust, healthcare system, complementary medicine, alternative medicine
Objavljeno v DKUM: 08.04.2024; Ogledov: 79; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (536,31 KB)
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Ensuring corporate security and its strategic communication in healthcare institutions in Slovenia
Valentina Kubale, Teja Lobnikar, Branko Gabrovec, Miha Dvojmoč, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Ensuring corporate security is an essential and critical component of any healthcare facility to provide safe services to its patients and employees. Healthcare facilities must employ a variety of strategies to ensure corporate security. This includes developing a comprehensive communication plan that defines the roles and responsibilities of the various stakeholders. The objective of our study was to present the concept of corporate security in healthcare institutions and in the Slovenian healthcare system, to highlight current threats in healthcare institutions in Slovenia, to describe the importance of strategic communication of corporate security in healthcare, and finally to define the current state of corporate security in Slovenian healthcare institutions in Slovenia. A survey was conducted and distributed to healthcare institutions in Slovenia to obtain results. A total of 154 healthcare stakeholders participated in our study. The results showed that corporate security is present in Slovenian healthcare facilities, but additional efforts are needed to improve it, especially considering the current challenges related to the measures taken after the COVID-19 epidemic and the shortage of healthcare personnel. The legal processes of corporate security in healthcare facilities comply with applicable laws and regulations to protect the interests of their patients and employees. Operational security processes are currently provided primarily by internal providers. There is a need for improvement, particularly in the training and education of staff, who play the most important role in ensuring safety. To effectively establish comprehensive corporate security, strategic communication with all stakeholders is essential to ensure that their security policies and procedures are properly implemented.
Ključne besede: corporate security, healthcare, strategic communication, Slovenia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 04.04.2024; Ogledov: 54; Prenosov: 9
.pdf Celotno besedilo (290,37 KB)
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Sustainable Biodegradable Biopolymer-Based Nanoparticles for Healthcare Applications
Nika Kučuk, Mateja Primožič, Željko Knez, Maja Leitgeb, 2023, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Biopolymeric nanoparticles are gaining importance as nanocarriers for various biomedical applications, enabling long-term and controlled release at the target site. Since they are promising delivery systems for various therapeutic agents and offer advantageous properties such as biodegradability, biocompatibility, non-toxicity, and stability compared to various toxic metal nanoparticles, we decided to provide an overview on this topic. Therefore, the review focuses on the use of biopolymeric nanoparticles of animal, plant, algal, fungal, and bacterial origin as a sustainable material for potential use as drug delivery systems. A particular focus is on the encapsulation of many different therapeutic agents categorized as bioactive compounds, drugs, antibiotics, and other antimicrobial agents, extracts, and essential oils into protein- and polysaccharide-based nanocarriers. These show promising benefits for human health, especially for successful antimicrobial and anticancer activity. The review article, divided into protein-based and polysaccharide-based biopolymeric nanoparticles and further according to the origin of the biopolymer, enables the reader to select the appropriate biopolymeric nanoparticles more easily for the incorporation of the desired component. The latest research results from the last five years in the field of the successful production of biopolymeric nanoparticles loaded with various therapeutic agents for healthcare applications are included in this review.
Ključne besede: nanoparticles, biopolymers, therapeutic substances, incorporation, biocompatibility, healthcare, biomedical applications
Objavljeno v DKUM: 02.04.2024; Ogledov: 76; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,50 MB)
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Role of corporate security in healthcare institutions during the COVID-19 epidemic
Dejan Pavlović, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: This study examines the vital role of corporate security in healthcare institutions during the epidemic and underscores its significance. It also presents the perspectives of healthcare employees on corporate security. The aim is to provide insights into the current state of corporate security in Slovenia and offer recommendations for enhancement. Design/Methods/Approach: Procedures employed encompass a descriptive approach and a synthesis of existing knowledge. We focused on corporate activity within organizations, particularly emphasizing effective corporate security. A review of domestic and foreign literature provided context, while a quantitative survey questionnaire gathered empirical data. The questionnaire included 18 closed questions on a 5-point Likert scale, along with socio-demographic data. Data analysis utilized IBM SPSS version 23.0. Findings: The main goal of corporate security is to ensure the safety of people in each organisation (in our case, healthcare institutions). Healthcare institutions, especially hospitals, are critical infrastructures are in constant operation; therefore, an institution must be protected 24 hours a day. According to health facility staff, on average security during the epidemic was adequate, and the organisation of security was well planned. Research Limitations/Implications: The results of the study provide a starting point for further research in the area of the topic addressed, while also serving to inform professionals and the general public about the topic. Originality/Value: The study a starting point for empirical studies that will address corporate security in relation to healthcare institutions.
Ključne besede: corporate security, COVID-19, sense of security, healthcare institutions, security risks
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.01.2024; Ogledov: 128; Prenosov: 4
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Components of a model of person-centredness in palliative care among patients with non-communicable diseases in slovenian hospitals
Sergej Kmetec, 2023, doktorska disertacija

Opis: Introduction: Palliative care aims to provide an early person-centred approach to patients with non-communicable disease(s) by monitoring distressing symptoms, providing support at all four domains of health, supporting their care partners, and enhancing the quality of patients and their care partners' lives. A problem lies in the late introduction of person-centred palliative care in acute care and the emergence of barriers to providing such care. Therefore, the present doctoral thesis explores the perceptions of person-centred palliative care of healthcare professionals and patients with non-communicable disease(s). Based on the results of both data analyses, we identified the key components of a model to provide person-centred palliative care for patients and their care partners. Methods: A two-phase sequential explanatory design was used, which involved collecting data in consecutive phases between August 2020 and July 2021. The study's first phase involved health professionals and patients from eight institutions, and the second phase involved health professionals, patients and care partners. Data from the first part of the study were gathered using validated questionnaires, and inferential and descriptive statistics were used to analyse the results. Semi-structured interviews were used in the second phase to collect data, then thematically analysed. We have merged the outcomes of the quantitative and qualitative stages utilising the pillar integration approach in order to interpret them in a more thorough and comprehensive manner. Results: Through the data integration process, we identify four key components to providing person-centred palliative care in patients with non-communicable disease(s). These components are: (1) Healthcare professionals' prerequisites and traits; (2) Person-centred palliative care environment; (3) Person-centred palliative process; and (4) Person-centred palliative care outcome. A Healthcare professional's prerequisites and traits can be said to contain three aspects: (1) Attitudes, (2) Commitment to the work and (3) Values and beliefs. When these three aspects are considered, a person-centred palliative care environment can be created. Here it is important to consider four aspects: (1) Transdisciplinary approach; (2) Patient empowerment; (3) Partner engagement; and (4) Institution/policy climate. A person-centred palliative process that allows the patient to maintain their quality of life and dignity includes the following aspects: (1) Person-centred approach; (2) Establishing an advance care plan; (3) Early integration of person-centred palliative care, and (4) Enlightenment and raising awareness. Person-centred palliative care outcomes can be (1) Positive experiences and (2) Negative experiences. Discussion and conclusion: Person-centred palliative care is essential in treating patients with non-communicable diseases. For that reason, it is pivotal to follow the four key components of how to provide person-centred palliative care, comprising: (1) Healthcare professionals' prerequisites and traits, (2) The person-centred palliative environment, (3) The person-centred palliative process and (4) The person-centred palliative outcomes. These four key components provide healthcare professionals and transdisciplinary palliative teams with the steps for providing person-centred palliative care to the patient and support to the care partners. The term ‘patient’ is herein used to denote patients with one or more non-communicable disease(s).
Ključne besede: person-centred care, palliative care, patients, care partners, healthcare professionals', mixed-method, sequential explanatory design
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.11.2023; Ogledov: 515; Prenosov: 167
.pdf Celotno besedilo (5,55 MB)

Making the decision to stay at home : developing a community-based care process model for aging in place
Katarina Galof, Zvone Balantič, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The care of older adults who wish to spend their old age at home should be regulated in every country. The purpose of this article is to illustrate the steps for developing a community-based care process model (CBCPM), applied to a real-world phenomenon, using an inductive, theory-generative research approach to enable aging at home. The contribution to practice is that the collaboration team experts facilitate the application of the process in their own work as non-professional human resources. This means that each older adult is his or her own case study. Different experts and non-experts can engage in the process of meeting needs as required. The empirical work examined the number of levels and steps required and the types of human resources needed. The proposed typology of the CBCPM for older adults can provide insight, offer a useful framework for future policy development, and evaluate pilots at a time when this area of legislation is being implemented.
Ključne besede: independent functioning of older adults, home and community-based providers, healthcare, framework, spiral model
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.07.2023; Ogledov: 272; Prenosov: 24
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,15 MB)
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Crisis management in a private clinic during covid-19
Evgeniia Popova, 2022, magistrsko delo

Opis: Introduction: The coronavirus crisis emerged suddenly, triggering a global health crisis. And while public hospitals were coping with a huge influx of patients, and an ensuing shortage of hospital beds, private clinics were trying to survive in conditions of total work restrictions, which resulted in a lack of patients and, consequently, income. In our work, we will consider one of these clinics located in Moscow. Methods: We conducted a study in the search databases Yandex, Google Scholar, Google Books, Cobbis, Research Gate, PubMed, using the following keywords: covid, private clinic, crisis management. Those sources yielded the results which we used in writing the work. Results in Discussion: After the clinic was opened at the end of the first quarantine, it managed to enter into a state partnership programme and attract patients for testing and vaccination services against coronavirus, both for individuals and for organization employees. As a result, more than 60 percent of the patients of the clinic were employees of organizations. The recovery stage of the clinic took, according to average estimates, about six months, at which time the turnover of the clinic recovered to approximately 80 percent of the pre-crisis period. Conclusion: During the study, we found that successful crisis management is influenced by such factors as: leadership, good management, effective communication between employees, supportive atmosphere, and courage on the part of employees.
Ključne besede: crisis management, healthcare organizations, private clinics, Covid
Objavljeno v DKUM: 04.11.2022; Ogledov: 578; Prenosov: 63
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,36 MB)

Experiencing stress among nurses during resuscitation procedure and legal obligations for healthcare workers in Slovenia
Anton Koželj, Maja Strauss, Matej Strnad, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Nurses are always part of the team that performs resuscitation procedures. In this paper the authors explore the influence that resuscitation procedures on nurses who perform them. For data collection, the authors used a survey with a convenience sample of nurses who work in emergency settings. For statistical processing of data, the authors used the calculation of frequency, standard deviation, means, and median. Authors used Spearman's rank correlation coefficient and calculated the p-value. The respondents in the survey completed the Post-Code Stress Scale. The results show that the majority of the respondents experienced resuscitation cases as burdensome situations; however, the level of stress was moderate. Nurses still experience some physical and psychological symptoms during resuscitations.
Ključne besede: basic life support, advanced life support, workloads, resuscitation team, feelings, healthcare worker
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.01.2021; Ogledov: 660; Prenosov: 24
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User violence against employees at nursing homes
Katarina Cesar, Liljana Rihter, Špela Selak, Branko Gabrovec, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: Earlier research has indicated the high exposure of those working in assisting occupations to workplace violence in Slovenia. The purpose of this study is to complement the research gap in investigating violence within social care and determine the types and extent of workplace violence among all employees in a social care institution, the influence of aggressive behaviour of users on the well-being of employees, and the need for education on dealing with the violence to which employees are being exposed. Design/Methods/Approach: Workplace violence was researched quantitatively using a descriptive method. We used a structured survey questionnaire, which was adapted using an existing questionnaire to research the occurrence of violent acts from users against employees at nursing homes and other social care institutions. Findings: The nursing home Dom ob Savinji Celje faces user violence against its employees. The most frequent form of violence against employees is verbal abuse (37.7% of respondents) and the least frequent is unwanted conduct of a sexual nature (5.2% of respondents). Workers employed in healthcare face user violence more often than employees in other fields. Employees most often face a certain form of user violence 1-2 times per year. When an employee meets an aggressive user, the most common emotions are fear, helplessness, uncertainty, feeling under threat, and least often a lack of understanding from fellow employees. Originality/Value: This study focuses on studying workplace violence within a social care institution and complements extant, yet inadequate scientific findings.
Ključne besede: nursing homes, workplace violence, healthcare, social care, social care institutions
Objavljeno v DKUM: 18.05.2020; Ogledov: 979; Prenosov: 49
.pdf Celotno besedilo (372,88 KB)
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