| | SLO | ENG | Cookies and privacy

Bigger font | Smaller font

Search the digital library catalog Help

Query: search in
search in
search in
search in
* old and bologna study programme

Options:
  Reset


1 - 2 / 2
First pagePrevious page1Next pageLast page
1.
Polymorphism of the IL13 gene may be associated with uterine leiomyomas in Slovenian women
Jovan Krsteski, Staša Jurgec, Maja Pakiž, Igor But, Uroš Potočnik, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Uterine leiomyomas (ULM) are a common cause of solid pelvic tumors in women. Their etiopathogenesis remains unclear. Interleukins (ILs) and their receptors can influence tumor biology of ULM. The aim of this study was to evaluate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) exhibited in the genes IL4 (rs2070874), IL4R (rs1801275), IL12RB1 (rs11575934), IL12B (rs6887695), IL13 (rs20541) and IL23R (rs7517847) as risk factors for ULM in Slovenian women and to identify associations between corresponding clinical parameters and the analyzed SNPs. In addition, solitary and multiple ULM were compared to identify clinical and/or genetic parameters influencing their occurrence. We conducted a case-control study that included 181 women with leiomyomas and 133 control subjects. Genotyping of selected SNPs was performed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and high resolution melting (HRM) techniques. The TT genotype of rs20541 (IL13) was significantly associated with decreased risk of ULM compared to both the CC and CT genotypes [p = 0.018; odds ratio (OR) = 0.184; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) = 0.048-0.7121. Using genetic and clinical data to develop a predictive model with logistic regression, we found that adenomyosis, higher age at diagnosis, family history of ULM occurrence, earlier menarche, lower number of pregnancies and lower age at first sexual intercourse, the G allele and genotypes AG and GG of rs1801275 (IL4R) were associated with an increased risk of multiple ULM occurrence. We also found an association between rs20541 (IL13) and 17ß-estradiol serum levels in patients with multiple ULM (p 0.003). Our study showed, for the first time, that rs20541 (IL13) may contribute to susceptibility of ULM development and that rs1801275 (IL4R) can predispose patients to develop multiple ULM.
Keywords: genetic risk, uterine leiomyomas, ULM, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), IL13 gene
Published in DKUM: 30.03.2017; Views: 1582; Downloads: 347
.pdf Full text (478,01 KB)
This document has many files! More...

2.
The quest for genetic risk factors for Crohn's disease in the post-GWAS era
Karin Fransen, Mitja Mitrovič, Cleo C van Diemen, Rinse K. Weersma, 2011, review article

Abstract: Multiple genome-wide association studies (GWASs) and two large scale meta-analyses have been performed for Crohn's disease and have identified 71 susceptibility loci. These findings have contributed greatly to our current understanding of the disease pathogenesis. Yet, these loci only explain approximately 23% of the disease heritability. One of the future challenges inthis post-GWAS era is to identify potential sources of the remaining heritability. Such sources may include common variants with limited effect size, rare variants with higher effect sizes, structural variations, or even more complicated mechanisms such as epistatic, gene-environment and epigeneticinteractions. Here, we outline potential sources of this hidden heritability, focusing on Crohn's disease and the currently available data. Wealso discuss future strategies to determine more about the heritability; these strategies include expanding current GWAS, fine-mapping, whole genome sequencing or exome sequencing, and using family-based approaches. Despite thecurrent limitations, such strategies may help to transfer research achievements into clinical practice and guide the improvement of preventive and therapeutic measures.
Keywords: genetic risk factors, Crohn’s disease
Published in DKUM: 05.06.2012; Views: 3585; Downloads: 250
.pdf Full text (477,79 KB)
This document has many files! More...

Search done in 4.39 sec.
Back to top
Logos of partners University of Maribor University of Ljubljana University of Primorska University of Nova Gorica