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1.
Public and private policing of financial crimes
Michael Levi, 2010, review article

Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of doing this is to move our attention, both theoretically and empirically, away from looking solely at the police as deliverers of “policing” and more in the direction of the web of police, non-police agencies (like financial regulators and departmental investigators in the UK), global and local private interveners (like payment card systems, banks, and insurance companies). Design/Methods/Approach: Interviews with high officials and operational public and private sector personnel, principally in the UK but also in continental Europe, North America and Australasia. Findings: This paper deals with the evolving shape of the control of financial crimes, especially frauds. Most policing activity in the area of UK public sector fraud is undertaken not by the police but by departmental investigators; most frauds against business come to the attention of the police via corporate actors; while frauds against the public may be reported direct, or via intermediaries like credit card issuers. It is difficult for public sector bodies to escape their narrow departmental orientations in developing “joint working” in public-public partnerships. Publicprivate partnerships have been developing rapidly in dealing with volume frauds such as payment card and insurance frauds, but less rapidly in more elite whitecollar crime areas such as management fraud, which are less predictable and where elites resist accountability. Practical implications: It is misconceived to look only at public police activity when assessing the scope and impact of fraud control. The research shows that considerable efforts are made by the police and different parts of the public and the private sector in the UK to harmonise intelligence, but scarcity of investigative resources means that both the private and public sectors are frustrated in getting action on their intelligence product.
Keywords: fraud, white-collar crime, economic crime, public-private partnerships, policing
Published: 12.05.2020; Views: 197; Downloads: 9
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2.
GOLJUFIJA NA ŠKODO EVROPSKIH SKUPNOSTI
Jure Blažič, 2010, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: Kaznivo dejanje goljufije na škodo Evropskih skupnosti je Republika Slovenija v svoj pravni red uvedla z novim Kazenskim zakonikom, ki je v veljavi od 1. novembra 2008. S tem je izpolnila še zadnji del obveznosti, ki jih je sprejela s tem, ko je z zakonom ratificirala Konvencijo o zaščiti finančnih interesov Evropskih skupnosti, vključno z njenimi protokoli. Na podlagi navedene konvencije so bili v nedavni preteklosti sprejeti številni praktični ukrepi v boju zoper goljufije, ki imajo za posledico oškodovanje proračunskih sredstev Evropske unije. Ustanovljen je bil Evropski urad za boj proti goljufijam — OLAF. V vseh državah članicah podpisnicah konvencije delujejo operativne službe AFCOS, ki sodelujejo s tem uradom. Sprejetje in uveljavitev Lizbonske pogodbe, ki ustanavlja še tesnejšo zvezo med državami članicami, ponuja še dodatne ukrepe, ki se lahko sprejmejo na tem področju. Pravno urejanje na področju kazenskega prava bo mogoče tudi preko uredb in direktiv, kar bo olajšalo unifikacijo prava na tem področju. Prav tako je pomembna novost ustanovitev Evropskega javnega tožilstva, čigar naloga bo v prvi vrsti prav varovanje skupnih finančnih interesov. Prav tako se v prihodnosti pričakuje uveljavitev t.i. Corpus Iurisa kazenskopravnih določb, ki bo prav tako urejal predmetno tematiko. Z vsemi navedenimi ukrepi se nudijo realne možnosti za izgradnjo trdnega sistema javnih financ v okviru Evropske unije, to pa vodi k tesnejši nadnacionalni zvezi in k večjemu zaupanju evropskih državljanov v njene institucije.
Keywords: goljufija na škodo Evropskih skupnosti, proračun Evropske unije, Konvencija o zaščiti finančnih interesov Evropskih skupnosti, Evropski urad za boj proti goljufijam – OLAF, Anti-Fraud Coordination Service – AFCOS
Published: 04.05.2010; Views: 3798; Downloads: 407
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