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41.
Računalniška forenzika v predkazenskem postopku : diplomsko delo visokošolskega strokovnega študija Varnost in notranje zadeve
Robert Urek, 2012, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: V diplomskem delu predstavljamo predkazenski postopek na področju kibernetske kriminalitete v Sloveniji in v zvezi s tem problematiko naše zakonodaje, možnosti preiskav kaznivih dejanj, nastalih s pomočjo sodobne tehnologije (predvsem na področju računalništva), ter zavarovanje dokazov v digitalni obliki. V začetnem delu diplomskega dela je opisana teorija s področja kriminalitete, informacijske tehnologije in računalništva. Začnemo s pregledom kaznivih dejanj v slovenski zakonodaji, predstavimo osnove kazenskega in predkazenskega postopka z vsemi sodelujočimi subjekti in človekovimi pravicami v teh postopkih ter zaključimo z obrazložitvijo forenzike in osnov informacijske tehnologije z računalništvom. Nadaljevanje diplomskega dela je namenjeno opisu kibernetske kriminalitete, njenem preprečevanju v Sloveniji in na meddržavni ravni, predstavitvi vrst kaznivih dejanj na področju kibernetske kriminalitete ter primerjavi kaznivih dejanj glede na v Sloveniji sprejeta Konvencijo o kibernetski kriminaliteti in Kazenski zakonik. V zadnjem delu diplomskega dela je predstavljen digitalni forenzični dokaz in celovita struktura preiskovanja kaznivih dejanj, opravljenih s pomočjo računalnika ‒ od kraja kaznivega dejanja, preiskave, zbiranja dokaznega gradiva, zasega in zavarovanja dokazov do analize teh podatkov. Zbrani so podatki o trenutnem stanju kibernetske kriminalitete v sodni praksi Slovenije in praktični primer storjenih napak pri preiskavi v predkazenskem postopku. Diplomsko delo zaključimo s kritičnim razmislekom o še odprtih problemih v zakonodaji in pri preiskovanju kibernetske kriminalitete ter o napotkih za njihovo možno ureditev.
Keywords: kibernetska kriminaliteta, digitalni dokazi, kriminalistično preiskovanje, računalniška forenzika, diplomske naloge
Published in DKUM: 06.07.2012; Views: 2647; Downloads: 338
.pdf Full text (630,94 KB)

42.
Evaluation of forensic evidence of bloodstain paterns in Slovene courts : bachelor thesis
Andreja Cavnik, 2012, bachelor thesis/paper

Abstract: Modern science and technology are becoming an important part of our daily lives, and so is the world of criminal investigation. When investigating any crime, the evidence collected from the crime scene plays a crucial role in the attempt to put all the pieces together and solve the mystery. Our thesis will focus on the complexity in investigating crime scenes involving bloodshed and on the significance of bloodstain patterns resulting from violent actions. It is of great importance that crime scene technicians, when collecting and insuring physical or biological evidence, take extra precautions to ensure proper handling, storage, identification, and last but not least, the chain of custody. All these measures play a decisive role in later stages of the process when forensic practitioners perform different laboratory tests on the evidence collected, providing for clues leading to gathering more detailed information that would point to the persons present at the crime scene at the time of crime, and, finally, to obtaining such added-value evidence that would be admissible in the court of law. An answer to ''what actually happened'' usually lies in crime scene reconstruction that focuses on leads, visible and latent bloodstain patterns, and all other pointers that indicate what went on at the time of a struggle. It is unbelievable how much a blood trail can tell us about past events: from a few blood droplets or bloodstain patterns, it is possible to determine the exact movements of the victim, the spot and the direction a blood droplet has originated from, the area of origin, and the position of the victim. It is even possible to determine the number of blows received by a blunt object, etc. A combination of the information and the measures listed above may reveal a clear picture of past events, but the case does not end here. On the contrary, this is where it begins, for the most important part of the process is to present all the collected evidence in a criminal trial. Therefore, the evidence needs to be admissible, credible and irrefutable, which is not always easy to achieve. In Slovenian courts, judges are not under any obligation to pursue any formal standards of evaluation of forensic evidence; however, they are obligated to respect certain rules governing submission of the evidence. Actually, the entire procedure of submission and evaluation of the evidence is at the complete discretion of the court, which rules over which evidence submitted by prosecutor and the defense is or is not to be admitted. Further, we discuss standards of evidence and the importance of the forensic expert testimony, preparation of the evidence, and the dilemmas related to different interpretations thereof in criminal procedures, either by the prosecutor or the defense. Dr. Katja Drobnič, a forensic expert for DNA and biological traces, shares her opinion about this topic with us, discussing the difficulties encountered at all stages of the process of preparing an expert opinion, as well as the challenges faced with when testifying. What follows is a closer look at evaluation of forensic evidence of bloodstain patterns from a practical point of view. We discuss this topic with Andrej Baraga, judge for criminal offences at Ljubljana District Court, who shares his practical experiences with different interpretations and the dilemmas in evaluating such evidence. Last but not least, we talk to Dr. Darko Maver, professor of Criminalistics and PhD in law, who shares his findings and directions about Slovenian court proceedings and dilemmas in evaluation of forensic evidence of bloodstain patterns. Throughout the whole thesis we pursue the answers to the questions of whether or not are there any unwritten standards or guidelines for evaluation of such evidence, since there are no formal ones in our Criminal law, and if yes, whether or not, are they being taken into a consideration in practice. We also explore the former dilemma of forensic experts of the National Forensic Laboratory taking stand as expert witnesses in criminal tri
Keywords: kriminalistično preiskovanje, forenzika, krvne sledi, dokazi, vrednotenje, sodni izvedenci, sodišča, diplomske naloge
Published in DKUM: 19.04.2012; Views: 2241; Downloads: 203
.pdf Full text (1000,34 KB)

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Identifikacija neznanih trupel : diplomsko delo
Sandra Novak, 2011, bachelor thesis/paper

Keywords: trupla, identifikacija, prepoznava, izvedenci, forenzika, kriminalistika, diplomske naloge
Published in DKUM: 28.07.2011; Views: 3004; Downloads: 269
.pdf Full text (1016,42 KB)

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Forenzična balistika : diplomsko delo
Jasna Plantan, 2011, undergraduate thesis

Keywords: kriminalistično preiskovanje, forenzika, strelno orožje, sledi, balistika, forenzični laboratoriji, diplomske naloge
Published in DKUM: 18.05.2011; Views: 2818; Downloads: 606
.pdf Full text (843,42 KB)

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DIGITALNA FORENZIKA IN DIGITALNI DOKAZI
Jasna Jurc, 2011, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: V diplomski nalogi sem predstavila pomen in pravno ureditev digitalne forenzike in digitalnih dokazov. V prvem delu je predstavljena digitalna forenzika, in sicer njen razvoj in pomen. Razložila sem tudi, kdo se lahko ukvarja z digitalno forenziko in katera orodja se uporabljajo za odkrivanje digitalnih dokazov.
Keywords: digitalna forenzika, digitalni dokazi, računalniška forenzika, računalniška kriminaliteta, konvencija o kibernetski kriminaliteti
Published in DKUM: 10.05.2011; Views: 3671; Downloads: 647
.pdf Full text (672,00 KB)

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