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The psychodynamic processes related to the involvement in peacekeeping missions
Branko Lobnikar, Špela Vesel, Emanuel Banutai, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to review the decade of Slovenian police officer’s experiences with international peacekeeping operations. The main goal of police officers, involved in these missions, is to prevent conflicts between opposite sites, to implement basic agreements, protect humanitarian missions and reinforce policing operations in the conflict area. The purpose of the paper is to acknowledge the lessons learned while planning and implementing further cooperation of Slovenian police officers in peacekeeping (police) operations. The main purpose of the paper is to analyze the consequences of deployment to peacekeeping missions for police officers as well as their family members (partners and children) by analyzing the psychodynamic processes related to the involvement in peacekeeping missions. Design/Methods/Approach: The paper is based on the review of literature. The empirical part of the paper presents the results of the research on a small sample of police officers (n = 36) and their family members (n = 25 partners + 35 children). Findings: Police peacekeepers should be well prepared for different stress situations; they are exposed to various stress factors before, during, and after serving in a mission. That is why training and reintegration programmes are of great importance. We establish that respondents assess that deployment to a peacekeeping mission has a positive and negative impact on the relationships between family members. As many as ¾ of mission members believe deployment can have a positive impact above all in the sense of strengthening the emotional ties between partners, increased mutual trust and strengthening of the partnership. For them, deployment to a peacekeeping mission is a challenge and personal experience, which can change the way they see the world. 2/3 of partners state similar positive impacts and they also believe that there is more trust between the partners after the experience with the peacekeeping mission, they treasure their time together and thus represent bigger support for each other in difficult times. As the most common problem, respondents perceived marital problems and the occurrence of negative feelings among family members (anger, avoidance, judgment ...). A large share of respondents stressed problems with children. 43.8% of respondents also named depression as a problem. Research limitations/implications: The findings are limited to the Slovenian police and their police officer’s experiences, serving in various police peacekeeping missions and their family members. Practical implications: Based on lessons learned this paper complements the results of different surveys of the researched topic. The results cannot be completely generalized, although some findings could also be useful to similar police organizations in Europe. Originality/Value: This paper addresses and explores different small scale surveys, conducted on sampled Slovenian police officers who served in peacekeeping missions and their family members. Findings could be of interest for the general as well as expert audience.
Ključne besede: police, police officer’s family, peacekeeping missions, Slovenia, stress, training and reintegration programmes, SE Europe
Objavljeno: 05.05.2020; Ogledov: 305; Prenosov: 14
.pdf Celotno besedilo (624,54 KB)
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Three Languages in Early Childhood
Sabina Kramer, 2019, magistrsko delo

Opis: Moving all over the world can result in mixed marriages and households. Parents with different cultural and linguistic backgrounds are faced with the dilemma of how raising their children in a multilingual environment. The aim of this work is to provide the reader with insight into a complex situation of multilingual upbringing. This paper deals with the development of children’s trilingualism, specifically with the children growing up with two languages from birth and one additional language soon afterwards. The results of the family case study show that raising children with three languages requires organisation and consistency. Moreover, the children's language proficiency in all three languages is connected to the amount of exposure to each language. The English linguistic competence is lower in comparison to Slovene and Spanish; this is attributed to the fact that the children had smaller exposure to English language. Furthermore, all three research subjects have been codeswitching; the oldest research subject did not codeswitch in the earlier language production but after being exposed to three languages for a longer period of time. On the other hand, the younger research subjects who were exposed to English at a much earlier age, codeswitched more in the earlier English language production. The children codeswitched in all three languages; however, at present, most codeswitches are in Slovenian and English.
Ključne besede: bilingualism, family bilingualism, trilingualism, multilingual upbringing
Objavljeno: 28.10.2019; Ogledov: 304; Prenosov: 0

The use of econometric methods in family farm succession studies
Zarja Bohak, Andreja Borec, 2009, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Farm succession is an important issue for any family farm, for the future structure of farming and for rural policy makers. This is the process whereby the skills, traditions and capital of farming are passed from one generation to the next. Scientists realized the importance of scientific investigation of succession on family farms no more than thirty or forty years ago, as the earliest studies bear dates from 1968 on (see i.e. Nalson 1968). There are many different scientific methods used to process surveys' data or to represent the process of farm succession; this paper offers a review of foreign and Slovene studies from the last 15 years, in which econometric methods are used to describe and analyse the family farm succession process.
Ključne besede: family farm, farm succession, econometric methods
Objavljeno: 19.03.2018; Ogledov: 1051; Prenosov: 64
.pdf Celotno besedilo (93,90 KB)
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The analysis of barriers in succession processes of family business with the use of grey incidence analysis (Polish Perspective)
Ewa Więcek-Janka, Rafał Mierzwiak, Joanna Kijewska, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The article presents results of research on the identification and evaluation of barriers faced by successors in family businesses during the first process of succession. The analysis of empirical material used grey systems theory, which was considered as an equivalent for the analysis of small samples and qualitative research. While conducting the literature review and empirical study, the authors concentrated on (a) the identification of barriers in the development of family firms and (b) eliciting the perspective of the new generation of owners in family firms entering the succession process through an empirical analysis of the assessed level of risk in relationships with family and business.
Ključne besede: family business, company performance, business efficiency, leadership, ownership, family, risk, research, grey incidence analysis, grey system theory
Objavljeno: 14.11.2017; Ogledov: 708; Prenosov: 286
.pdf Celotno besedilo (695,38 KB)
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Implementing quality indicators for diabetes and hypertension in family medicine in Slovenia
Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš, Igor Švab, Tonka Poplas-Susič, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Introduction: A new form of family practices was introduced in 2011 through a pilot project introducing nurse practitioners as members of team and determining a set of quality indicators. The aim of this article was to assess the quality of diabetes and hypertension management. Methods: We included all family medicine practices that were participating in the project in December 2015 (N=584). The following data were extracted from automatic electronic reports on quality indicators: gender and specialisation of the family physician, status (public servant/self-contracted), duration of participation in the project, region of Slovenia, the number of inhabitants covered by a family medicine practice, the name of IT provider, and levels of selected quality indicators. Results: Out of 584 family medicine practices that were included in this project at the end of 2015, 568 (97.3%) had complete data and could be included in this analysis. The highest values were observed for structure quality indicator (list of diabetics) and the lowest for process and outcome quality indicators. The values of the selected quality indicators were independently associated with the duration of participation in the project, some regions of Slovenia where practices were located, and some IT providers of the practices. Conclusion: First, the analysis of data on quality indicators for diabetes and hypertension in this primary care project pointed out the problems which are currently preventing higher quality of chronic patient management at the primary health care level.
Ključne besede: family practices, healthcare quality indicator, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 03.11.2017; Ogledov: 680; Prenosov: 260
.pdf Celotno besedilo (424,82 KB)
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Quality of life for families of children with intellectual disabilities
Majda Schmidt, Ksenija Seršen, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The main part of the article presents the results of a recent empirical study about the quality of life for families in Slovenia that have a child with intellectual disabilities and other developmental disabilities. Using the FQOLS-2006, we analysed nine quality of life domains (Health, Financial Well-Being, Family Relationships, Support from Others, Support Services, Influence of Values, Careers, Leisure and Community Interaction) from the perspective of six measurement dimensions. The study also examines the differences among the measurement dimensions in the nine domains. The sample consisted of 44 families. We used descriptive statistics and inferential statistics (Friedman test). The Family Relationships domain had the highest average rating of all measured domains regarding the quality of family life. The results in the domain of Support from Others are not encouraging, in particular the domain of Support from Services. Families require powerful support programs from qualified professional teams as well as societal and political attention.
Ključne besede: family quality of life, intellectual disabilities, quality of life domains, quality of life dimensions
Objavljeno: 26.09.2017; Ogledov: 539; Prenosov: 84
.pdf Celotno besedilo (109,64 KB)
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Defining rural, remote and isolated practices
Rok Petrovčič, 2016, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: There is no single definition of rural practice available. Definitions vary from one country to another, as countries differ in geography and have different health care systems with varying organizational specificities, even within the same country. In spite of increased urbanization and the specific health-related problems it brings with it, a large proportion of the world population still dwells in rural, remote, and isolated areas. In fact, there are many countries in the world with extensive rural areas. Rural areas are unique in organization, demographics, and infrastructure, and so are the specific health-related problems of people living in them. Healthcare in such areas is generally provided by general practitioners or by physicians specialized in family medicine. One of the basic challenges in rural health is defining which areas are rural and finding the characteristics that define “rural”. There are several criteria and combinations of criteria that can be used to define rural areas. Their use mostly depends on the purpose for which the definition is used, and can thus vary from application to application. This paper addresses issues in rural family practice and criteria that may be used to define such practices. It also presents the use of criteria for defining rural practices in a small European country, on the example of Slovenia.
Ključne besede: Slovenia, rural health, rural population, family practice
Objavljeno: 07.08.2017; Ogledov: 512; Prenosov: 78
.pdf Celotno besedilo (174,94 KB)
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Deficiency areas in decision making in undergraduate medical students
Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš, Janko Kersnik, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background: In family medicine, decisions can be difficult due to the early presentation of often poorly developed symptoms or the presentation of undifferentiated conditions that require competencies unique to family medicine, such as; primary care management, specific problem-solving skills, and a comprehensive and holistic approach to be taught to medical students. Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the decision-making process covering all theoretical aspects of family practice consultation and to recognize possible areas of deficiency in undergraduate medical students. Materials and methods: This was a cross-sectional, observational study performed at the Medical School of the University of Maribor in Slovenia. The study population consisted of 159 fourth-year medical students attending a family medicine class. The main outcome measure was the scores of the students' written reports on solving the virtual clinical case. An assessment tool consisted of ten items that could be graded on a 5-point Likert scale. Results: The final sample consisted of 147 (92.5%) student reports. There were 95 (64.6%) female students in the sample. The mean total score on the assessment scale was 35.1+-7.0 points of a maximum 50 points. Students scored higher in the initial assessment items and lower in the patient education/involvement items. Female students scored significantly higher in terms of total assessment score and in terms of initial assessment and patient education/involvement. Conclusion: Undergraduate medical education should devote more time to teaching a comprehensive approach to consultation, especially modification of the health behavior of patients and opportunistic health promotion to patients. Possible sex differences in students' performance should be further evaluated.
Ključne besede: assessment, family medicine, undergraduate medical education, decision making
Objavljeno: 03.08.2017; Ogledov: 499; Prenosov: 289
.pdf Celotno besedilo (240,92 KB)
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The role of the European Academy of Teachers in General Practice and Family Medicine in family medicine education in Europe
Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš, Janko Kersnik, 2012, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Primary health care is important item of political agendas since Alma Ata conference in 1978. West Balkans share common history in development of primary care since 1920' when Andrija Stampar introduced social and community based primary care concepts. The first known specialist training in general practice in the world started in former Yugoslavia in the early 1960'. Since then, much has been done in the field of general practice and family medicine and this is reflected in The European Academy of Teachers in General Practice and Family Medicine (EURACT), which is a network organisation within World Organization of National Colleges, Academies and Academic Associations of General Practitioners/Family Physicians Region Europe (WONCA Europe). Its aim is to foster and maintain high standards of care in European general practice by promoting general practice as a discipline by learning and teaching. EURACT developed several documents and teachers' courses which can serve the development of family medicine curricula in new established departments of medical schools. This is also the case at Maribor Medical School, where learning outcomes and teaching methods are in concordance with EURACT teaching agenda, but also some innovative approaches are used, such as art and e-learning environment as teaching methods.
Ključne besede: family practice, education, Europe, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 24.07.2017; Ogledov: 546; Prenosov: 66
.pdf Celotno besedilo (83,80 KB)
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