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Mards Workshop Proceedings
2020, zbornik strokovnih ali nerecenziranih znanstvenih prispevkov na konferenci

Opis: The collection contains contributions by authors who were presented at a workshop within the Erasmus + project MARDS in Maribor, at the University of Maribor.
Ključne besede: doctoral study, higher education, e-learning, distance learning, study evaluation
Objavljeno: 25.11.2020; Ogledov: 110; Prenosov: 13
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The drug market intervention approach to overt drug markets
Edmund F. McGarrell, Nicholas Corsaro, Rodney K. Brunson, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: The purpose of this research was to assess the impact of a strategic intervention intended to eliminate overt drug markets and their associated crime and disorder and to improve relationships between the police and local neighborhood residents. Design/Methods/Approach: The study included a process assessment of the nature of the intervention as well as an impact assessment based on trends in crime, calls-for-police-service and interviews with residents. The research occurred in the U.S. and examined a pilot program in High Point, North Carolina and subsequent implementation in Rockford, Illinois and Nashville, Tennessee. Findings: The paper presents a description of the intervention. Additionally, outcome data indicate that the intervention was related to reductions in crime and calls-forpolice service in all three communities. Raw declines were observed for violent, property and drug offenses with the declines consistently being statistically significant for drug offenses. Additionally, local residents described improved quality of neighborhood life and increased satisfaction with the police. Research limitations/implications: The results suggest that the so-called High Point Drug Market Intervention holds significant promise for addressing overt drug markets. However, the analysis is limited in that the comparison group is the citywide trend in crime as opposed to true comparison sites. Future studies utilizing quasi-experimental or experimental designs are needed to rule out potential rival explanations. Practical implications: The Drug Market Intervention appears to be a promising practice offering police officials a strategy for longer term impact on neighborhood safety and quality of life than has been the case with traditional crackdowns on drug markets. Originality/Value: This paper offers the evaluation results from three sites on a drug market intervention that has gained considerable attention, at least within the U.S.
Ključne besede: drug crime, drug markets, evaluation
Objavljeno: 12.05.2020; Ogledov: 183; Prenosov: 4
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Diskurzni okvir v predsedniški retoriki Donalda Trumpa
Žiga Krajnc, 2020, magistrsko delo

Opis: This Master’s Thesis engages in research of Donald Trump’s presidential rhetoric from the perspective of evaluative framing in rhetoric. The analysis stems from Jim A. Kuypers’ theory of framing from a rhetorical perspective and J.R. Martin and P.R.R. White’s theory of language evaluation. The corpus for analysis consists of three speeches delivered by President Trump in 2017; these speeches are Inaugural Address, Remarks by President Trump on the Administration’s National Security Strategy (“America First Speech”), and Ohio Rally Speech 2017. The theoretical part consists of presenting the theory of framing as a rhetorical perspective, followed by short introduction of the theory of language evaluation. Donald Trump’s rhetoric style and characteristics are also included separately. The empirical part presents the analysis of the corpus. The research consists of two parts; the first part presents the analysis of subjects and objects and how are they framed. Furthermore, this part also detects which frames are present in the discourse. The second part consist of a discussion of results and an analysis of detected evaluative frames. It has been established that Trump’s addresses frame the President’s persona into a saviour-like figure, which offers powerful protection, security and restoration from the decay the previous administrations, supposedly, caused.
Ključne besede: discourse, rhetoric, Donald Trump, discourse frame, language evaluation
Objavljeno: 27.02.2020; Ogledov: 444; Prenosov: 108
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,88 MB)

Formative Assessment in English Lessons in Primary School
Mirjam Meško, 2018, magistrsko delo

Opis: Discussions about formative assessment and advantages that it brings to the classroom are becoming more frequent. It is a new, authentic approach that allows pupils to acquire more permanent knowledge and integrate them into the educational process. In the theoretical part, we described the meaning of formative assessment and what the key elements of formative assessment are, as well as advantages and possible weaknesses that it brings to the classroom. The key elements of formative assessment are the purposes of learning, where goals and performance criteria are decided, portfolio, where we described the positives of using a portfolio, feedback, where the importance and the necessity of a good feedback is explained, and assessment and evaluation, where self-evaluation and peer evaluation are included. In the empirical part, we described a case study that we conducted, where we interviewed eight elementary English teachers from Podravje region and asked them what they think about formative assessment, how they integrated it into their teaching, and how using formative assessment has changed their teaching. Formative assessment has become a current topic at study groups for teachers in the last couple of years, so there are not any surprising results yet. The teachers that we interviewed use just some aspects of formative assessment because for the full use of formative assessment they most frequently mention the lack of time. As any other novelty, formative assessment needs time to integrate in our educational system and reach a place that it deserves. Teachers think that introducing formative assessment at an early stage of education should be better and that the pupils would be prepared for this kind of teaching and learning, and the learning would only get easier with years. Teachers are also enthusiastic about the principle on which formative assessment works, and believe that this way pupils can achieve better and long lasting knowledge.
Ključne besede: formative assessment, feedback, portfolio, self-evaluation, peer evaluation
Objavljeno: 09.01.2019; Ogledov: 742; Prenosov: 82
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,31 MB)

Risk management according to ISO 31000
Borut Jereb, Matjaž Knez, Darja Kukovič, Tina Cvahte, Matevž Obrecht, 2016, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Opis: Organizations of all types and sizes face internal and external factors and influences that make it uncertain whether and when they will achieve their objectives. The effect this uncertainty has on an organization's objectives is «risk». Although the practice of risk management has been developed over time and within many sectors in order to meet diverse needs, the adoption of consistent processes within a comprehensive framework can help to ensure that risk is managed effectively, efficiently and coherently across an organization. The generic approach described in this International Standard provides the principles and guidelines for managing any form of risk in a systematic, transparent and credible manner and within any scope and context. All activities of an organization involve risk. Organizations manage risk by identifying it, analysing it and then evaluating whether the risk should be modified by risk treatment in order to satisfy their risk criteria. Throughout this process, they communicate and consult with stakeholders and monitor and review the risk and the controls that are modifying the risk in order to ensure that no further risk treatment is required. ISO 31000 describes this systematic and logical process in detail. (IS0 31000, 2009).
Ključne besede: risk management, risk analysis, risk evaluation, business, organizations, companies
Objavljeno: 10.05.2018; Ogledov: 637; Prenosov: 63
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,11 MB)
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Evaluation of the project Pilsen – European capital of culture 2015
Jiří Ježek, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper deals with the evaluation of the project Pilsen – European Capital of Culture 2015. It is based on a few empiric research studies that were implemented after the project was finished. It presents the city of Pilsen and the project of the European Capital of Culture form its initiation to implementation. It deals with the benefits of the project from the point of view of attendance, investment, tourism, and impacts on the economic development. It also brings the evaluation of the project Pilsen - European Capital of Culture 2015 as seen by the city´s residents.
Ključne besede: European Capital of Culture, Pilsen, evaluation research
Objavljeno: 17.04.2018; Ogledov: 435; Prenosov: 75
.pdf Celotno besedilo (201,98 KB)
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Quality evaluation information support in higher education
Tatjana Kovač, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background and Purpose: The objective of this research was to develop a proposal of the evaluation information support in higher education that encompasses the Quality Assessor’s and Quality Analyst’s work support. Furthermore, the proposal also includes the fields evaluated in the processes of external evaluation of the higher education institutes by the Slovenian National Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (hereinafter referred to as »NAKVIS«). Methodology: The method called the “Multi-Attribute Utility Theory” (hereinafter referred to as “MAUT”) and MS Excel were used for the work support of the Quality Assessors, while the expert modelling in the Decision Expert programme (hereinafter referred to as “Dexi programme”) was used for the work support of the Quality Analysts. Results: The identified criteria allow a uniform evaluation, regardless of the Assessor. The MS Excel template with automatic calculation was made as the technical support for an evaluator and the expert model in Dexi programme was designed for a Quality Analyst. Conclusion: The model of the Higher Education Institute quality evaluation, as presented in this article, can provide a comprehensive and transparent consideration of quality at the Faculty, and, in particular, facilitate the evaluation process due to its information and technical support.
Ključne besede: quality in higher education, quality evaluation, quality evaluation information support, expert modelling
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 457; Prenosov: 228
.pdf Celotno besedilo (711,02 KB)
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Student self-evaluation of co-lecture activities
Darinka Sikošek, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article argues a greater stress to student-centered, active-learning approaches in teacher education beginning already in lectures by the subjects of DCEM methodological module. Our approach in increasing lecture's activity of students is involving them as teacher's co-lecturers. In order to monitor the efficiency and quality improvement of their outcomes-teacher's activities, we make use of the students' co-lecturers, as well as students-listeners feedback, which continuously takes place at the end of a program of specific curricular units. Students self-reflections are confronted with teacher's trainer noticings. Some significant findings are interpreted in compliance with teacher competences. CO-lecture's activities are valued regarding to optional AADIDG didactic principles.
Ključne besede: education, teaching skills, teaching competences, student autonomy, self-evaluation, student-colecturers
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 731; Prenosov: 50
.pdf Celotno besedilo (773,29 KB)
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Impact of salt reduction on the number of microorganisms and a sensory analysis for Kranjska sausages during their shelf-life
Livija Tušar, Irena Leonida Kropf, Avrelija Cencič, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Salt is an important ingredient in the production of meat product. Any reduction of salt requires a special treatment. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of salt reduction on the growth of microorganisms in Kranjska sausages during their shell-life and to carry out a sensory assessment. The 18 lots of sausages were prepared under salt-reduced (1.6%) and control (2.3%) salt concentrations, directly on the production line. A total of 85 sausages were analysed and the data were used for the comparisons of groups (ANOVA) and to detect the significant variables (polynomial models) influenced on the total number of microorganisms (TNMs). The significant differences were determined between the lots (representing the microbiological status of the stuffing), between the salt-reduced samples and control samples, and between the different humidity levels. The correlations and significant relationships were determined between the TNMs and the lots, the salt concentrations, and the relative humidity. The polynomial models were to general to be used for the prediction. For sensory analysis implemented on 40th day 18 sausages were assessed. The reduction of salt resulted in lower scores in the sensory evaluation. The less-salted sausages contained more microorganisms.
Ključne besede: Kranjska sausage, reduction of salt, sensory evaluation, models, relative humidity
Objavljeno: 14.11.2017; Ogledov: 638; Prenosov: 274
.pdf Celotno besedilo (815,34 KB)
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Effect of drying parameters on physiochemical and sensory properties of fruit powders processed by PGSS-, vacuum- and spray-drying
Urban Feguš, Uroš Žigon, Marcus Petermann, Željko Knez, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Aim of this experimental work was to investigate the possibility of producing fruit powders without employing drying aid and to investigate the effect of drying temperature on the final powder characteristics. Raw fruit materials (banana puree, strawberry puree and blueberry concentrate) were processed using three different drying techniques each opera- ting at different temperature conditions: vacuum-drying (–27–17 °C), spray-drying (130–160 °C) and PGSS-drying (112–152 °C). Moisture content, total colour difference, antioxidant activity and sensory characteristics of the proces- sed fruit powders were analysed. The results obtained from the experimental work indicate that investigated fruit pow- ders without or with minimal addition of maltodextrin can be produced. Additionally, it was observed that an increase in process temperature results in a higher loss of colour, reduced antioxidant activity and intensity of the flavour profile.
Ključne besede: particles from gas saturated solutions drying, vacuum-drying, spray-drying, sensory evaluation, fruit powders
Objavljeno: 18.08.2017; Ogledov: 575; Prenosov: 281
.pdf Celotno besedilo (249,24 KB)
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