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5th International Conference EnRe - Energy & Responsibility : book of extended abstracts
2022, proceedings

Abstract: The tendency to improve energy devices, the impact of environmental factors and the development of new technologies for the exploitation of sustainable resources contribute to the fact that we have witnessed intensive energy development in the last decade. The two most important Slovenian energy pools, located in Velenje and Krško, are at the turning point of renovation, and are facing major challenges in the design and planning of modern energy devices. The current generation faces a great ethical responsibility to leave their descendants a world with as little human impact on the environment as possible. Therefore, communication between experts and researchers, discussion and exchange of different views for the future is of the utmost importance, which is exactly the purpose of the EnRe Conference.
Keywords: renewable energy and energy storage systems, classic energy systems, policies and strategies for RES, alternative energy systems, energy conversions, energy transfer, electrical machine, thermal machines, mathematical methods in energy engineering, environmental protection, micro and nano energetics, hydrogen technologies, low carbon technologies and strategies, nuclear energy, smart buildings, smart cities and smart grids
Published in DKUM: 09.06.2022; Views: 219; Downloads: 36
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Reviewing the narrative concerning the impact of population growth in Africa
Cocou Marius Mensah, 2019, original scientific article

Abstract: This article discusses the topic of population growth in Africa, a recurring theme in the era of climate change and the fight against CO2 emissions. The African continent is full of essential raw materials and encompasses the youngest population in the world. There is no doubt concerning the significant role it will play in global affairs, at a time when the world population is ageing, according to the UN statistics. In recent years, many policymakers have highlighted the necessity to deal with overpopulation, provoking moral controversial and basic human rights abuses. This article, however, proposes an opposite argumentation based on fresh data and emphasises the opportunities and challenges to take on, as the author considers "overpopulation" as more of a challenge than a sentence to underdevelopment. Though the paper mentions different issues linked to overpopulation, such as migration crisis, ecological sustainability and the UN Sustainable Development Goals, it concludes with a reminder of the importance of international cooperation as a solution to global issues.
Keywords: global issues, impact of population growth, migration trends, international cooperation, pollution, African Union, European Union, UN sustainable development goals, environmental footprint
Published in DKUM: 15.01.2021; Views: 301; Downloads: 8
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Environmental victims : challenges for criminology and victimology in the 21st century
Matthew Hall, 2011, review article

Abstract: Purpose: This paper addresses the issue of ‘environmental victimisation’ (harm to individuals suffered as a result of environmentally damaging activities) and asks what role criminologists in general and vicitmologists in particular will have to play as our understanding of the consequence of climate change and other environmental degradation develops still further. Design/Methods/Approach: The paper draws on a social harms approach to argue for an extended definition of such victimisation, beyond restrictive legal categories. Findings: Clear parallels are demonstrated between the subjects of ‘green criminology’ with more ‘mainstream’ victimological and criminological developments (in the academy and in policy making circles internationally). This demonstrates the relevance of ‘environmental harm’ to existing and long-standing debates talking place in both areas, including those concerning the nature of victimisation and the responsibilities of the state to those victimised. The argument is illustrated through a discussion of various classifications of environmental harm, including harm to health, security, the economy, social and cultural impacts and the unequal distribution of such impacts around the world and between different socioeconomic groups. Practical implications: The implications of the paper are that a great deal more research needs to be carried out by criminologists and victimologists on the subject of ‘environmental; harm’, and indeed these scholars are likely to be increasingly approached for views/data on this issue in the coming years. Such developments therefore need to be recognised by funding bodies, Universities and so on.
Keywords: environmental harm, critical criminology, victimisation, victimology, green crime
Published in DKUM: 12.05.2020; Views: 654; Downloads: 43
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Water crimes and policing
Katja Eman, Saša Kuhar, Gorazd Meško, 2017, review article

Abstract: Purpose: Water is a crucial natural resource for the survival of the human and various other species. As a result, water is becoming more and more attractive to various economic and criminal groups. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to present crimes against water, the types of water crimes, an analysis of the situation in Slovenia and the police measures in the field of water security. Methods: The water crimes phenomenon was analysed by applying a descriptive method, literature review, statistical data analysis and information received from the police. Findings: Water crimes are an emerging global issue. Water crimes include diverse types of crimes ranging from the pilfering of water from pipelines, illegal waste management, water theft, river and marine pollution, manipulation of sampling methods to avoid treatment costs, fraud and illegal trafficking of water, terrorism and cyber-attacks on water management operations, illegal waste discharges from factories, and unauthorised consumption from the water network. Water crimes are hard to detect, investigate, prosecute and study. It is necessary for law enforcement officers to have knowledge related to water crimes – from natural and social sciences to other knowledge such as biology and chemistry. Further, they must have well-organised coordination and cooperation with other formal social control entities like inspectorates, institutes etc. Originality/Value: The paper presents water crime issues and makes an important contribution to the professional and general public with respect to the prevention and formal social control of water crime.
Keywords: water, water crime, environmental crime, police, policing
Published in DKUM: 15.04.2020; Views: 479; Downloads: 36
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Legal aspects of health implications caused by environmental distress
Rajko Knez, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: The article tries to explore legal consequences in cases where the environmental distress causes health implications for individuals. The author begins with the observations from two different angles, that is ex ante and ex post actions. Both approaches differ substantively, since the ex ante approach is applied by state authorities (command-and-control approach, de iure imperii acts), while the ex post approach is by a general rule initiated by individuals against polluters/state. Both approaches are discussed considering the application of EU rules and beyond (ECHR, Aarhus convention). The main emphasis is given to one of the biggest problems, that is the issue of causality, which discourages many plaintiffs from claiming damages. For the so-called post-industrial risks the conventional rules of causality do not suffice, which is why certain courts proposed that changes in this respect are necessary. In addition, the role of NGOs is emphasised, since the NGO can, especially in the ex ante approach, achieve better effects, especially when locus standi is assured.
Keywords: environmental protection, healthy living environment, legal remedies in environmental law, ECHR Art. 8, ECHR Art. 2, command-and-control approach, claims for damages, health
Published in DKUM: 09.10.2018; Views: 665; Downloads: 117
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Radon anomalies in soil gas caused by seismic activity
Boris Zmazek, Mladen Živčić, Ljupčo Todorovski, Sašo Džeroski, Janja Vaupotič, Ivan Kobal, 2004, original scientific article

Abstract: At the Orlica fault in the Krško basin, combined barasol detectors were buried in six boreholes, two along the fault itself and four on either side of it, to measure and record radon activity, temperature and pressure in soil gas every 60 minutes for four years. Data collected have been analysed in a manner aimed at distinguishing radon anomalies resulting from environmental parameters (air and soil temperature, barometric pressure, rainfall) from those caused solely by seismic events. The following approaches have been used to identify anomalies: (i) ± 2σ deviation of radon concentration from the seasonal average, (ii) correlation between time gradients of radon concentration and barometric pressure, and (iii) prediction with regression trees within a machine learning program. In this paper results obtained with regression trees are presented. A model has been built in which the program was taught to predict radon concentration from the data collected during the seismically inactive periods when radon is presumably influenced only by environmental parameters. A correlation coefficient of 0.83 between measured and predicted values was obtained. Then, the whole data time series was included and a significantly lowered correlation was observed during the seismically active periods. This reduced correlation is thus an indicator of seismic effect.
Keywords: radon in soil gas, environmental parameters, earthquakes, correlation, regression trees, forecasting
Published in DKUM: 15.05.2018; Views: 1059; Downloads: 67
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Environmental impact assessment (EIA) as a tool of sustainable infrastructure planning
Marián Gogola, Daniela Durcanska, Marta Hocova, 2016, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Keywords: environmental impact assessment, EIA, sustainability, infrastructure planning
Published in DKUM: 11.05.2018; Views: 1391; Downloads: 75
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Life cycle assessment (ISO 14040, ISO 14044)
Manuela Ingaldi, Dorota Klimecka-Tatar, Vladimir Permyakov, Vitaly Parfenov, Sergei Alexandrov, Yuri Sivkov, Arthur Nikiforov, 2016, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Keywords: environmental management, life-cycle assessment, LCA, environmental impact, ISO 14040, ISO 14044
Published in DKUM: 11.05.2018; Views: 2966; Downloads: 417
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